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Projects in area: GENOMICS

The application of cDNA microarray technology for unravelling molecular events underlying dormancy and cold hardiness in forest tree seedlings
COLDTREE - (QLRT-2000-00135)
Reforestation logistics and forest nursery management depend on the physiological status of the trees. The lifting and cold storage of insufficiently hardened trees lead to reduced vitality, frost damage and desiccation. The identification of molecular processes underlying winter hardiness will allow for the development of rapid and reliable tools ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Resistance of spruce to root and Butt Rot disease
RESROBS - (QLRT-2000-00241)
This research explores resistance to infection by Heterobasidion spp. in clones of Norway and Sitka spruce. Clones will be inoculated with H. annosum, H. parviporum or H. abietinum and the extent of pathogen growth and lesion development measured. Resistance of clones will be related to qualitative analysis of terpenes. Quantitative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FORESTRY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Fish oil and meal replacement
FORM - (QLRT-2001-00628)
A thematic network on Fish Oil and Meal Replacement, based on five existing European Union-funded programmes, will be formed. Four network meetings will be organised, and new research results will continuously be added, together with new information and informed comments, to an internet site. Whilst all projects represent important activities, there ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Improving fraxinux (ash) productivity for European needs by testing, selection propagation and promotion of improved genetic resources
RAP - (QLRT-2000-00631)
Genetic resources of Ash (Fraxinus) will be characterised by recording existing provenance, progeny and population tests and a new provenance trial of material from the European natural range will be established in six countries. Using previously developed polymorphic microsatellites and DNA markers, an estimate of Fraxinus' genetic diversity ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, COEXISTENCE
Chitosan activates resistance against pathogens after exposure: Production of chitosans from shrimp shells for applications in plant disease protection
CHITOSAN - (QLRT-2000-00777)
The purpose of this project is to develop and exploit the economic and ecological potential of the abundant biological raw material, chitin, isolated from waste shrimp shells, which will be up-graded into chemically and biologically well-defined chitosans. These biocompatible, biodegradable, non-allergenic, non-toxic chitosans will be tested for their ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, SOIL, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Genetic determinism of maritime pine pulp and paper properties
GEMINI - (QLRT-1999-00942)
Natural populations of maritime pine trees show large, in part genetically determined, variations in the properties of lignocellulosic fibres and in the derived pulp and paper products. So far, tree breeding programmes have failed to exploit this variation due to the costly and destructive traditional chemical and technological assays, and the requirement ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Linking physiology, molecular genetics and genomics in Populus to understand and improve yield and quality for biomass and timber productions across Europe
POPYOMICS - (QLRT-2001-00953)
The aim of POPYOMICS is to use the latest techniques in molecular genetic mapping, genomics and the physical sequence of poplar, as available, to define genes that determine yield and disease resistance in Populus with the aim of improving this species for growth across Europe as a bioenergy and timber crop. In contrast to the burning of fossil fuels, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
New plants and plant extracts to decrease methane and nitrogenous emissions from ruminants and to alleviate nutritional stress
RUMEN-UP - (QLRT-2000-00992)
Bloat and acidosis are distressing disorders that result from a malfunction of microbial digestion in the rumen. Methane, a potent greenhouse gas, and ammonia, which forms urinary urea, arise from normal rumen fermentation. The aim is to develop new plants or plant extracts as dietary supplements for ruminants to replace chemical additives and growth-promoting ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, PLANT EXTRACTS
Threat to European maize production by invasive quarantine pest, Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera)
DIABROTICA - (QLRT-1999-01110)
Key processes enabling the recently introduced maize pest, the western corn rootworm (WCR), to invade central parts of Europe and possibilities for controlling this species will be examined by seven partners. Each of the partners offers expertise in crop management, plant-insect interactions, natural enemy evaluation, risk management and biotechnological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Standard test kits incorporating novel antibody fusion proteins to detect harmful viruses
AFPTEST - (QLRT-1999-01116)
Test kits based on novel antibody fusion proteins (AFP) will be produced for the rapid, reliable and harmonised detection of three plant viruses of statutory or quarantine importance within the European Union. The AFP were obtained by recombinant DNA methods, and large quantities will be produced in vitro using heterologous expression systems. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Construction and application of a multifunctional and saturated genetic map for forest species
UHD-MAP-OF FOREST SPECIES - (QLRT-1999-01159)
An ultra-high density linkage (UHD) map of Pinus pinaster will be constructed, based on 12 000 AFLP markers and 100 published microsatellites (SSR). This map will be placed online and exploited to its full extent for comparative genome analyses and QTL analysis in different genetic backgrounds. Four other published linkage maps in forest species ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Engineering fibre and wood properties in poplar using innovative functional genomic approaches
POPWOOD - (QLRT-1999-01209)
Recent developments of poplar genomics provide unique resources of new information that this project proposes to exploit in the context of the Popwood programme. It will improve the understanding of genetic and molecular mechanisms controlling vascular development (VD) and wood formation, and engineer transgenic poplars with modified fibres and wood ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Genetic evaluation of European rose resources for conservation and horticultural use
GENEROSE - (QLRT-2001-01278)
This project focuses on the conservation and use of natural resources in the genus Rosa. Attempts to preserve rose gene pools without sufficient knowledge about the genetic background may counteract efforts to increase biodiversity, compromise the maintenance of (rare) indigenous species in landscaping and make it difficult to (re)introduce ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, COEXISTENCE
Better management of water process systems by biotechnological identification and treatment of detrimental micro-organisms and metabolites
BIOTECH CONTROL - (QLRT-1999-01389)
Paper production is one of the most water-intensive industrial processes and its effluents have a significant impact on aquatic ecosystems. There is growing insight that a reduction of freshwater consumption and an increase in waste paper recycling rates do in fact contribute to better company results. In response to the economic and environmental ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Control of flowering time for sustainable and competitive agriculture, and forestry
CONFLOW - (QLRT-2000-01412)
This project will bring together European academia and the biotech-industry to address several related agricultural and forestry problems. Widely applicable genetic tools that will allow the control of flowering time in a wide variety of plant species will be developed. Novel breeding tools for woody species will make traditional plant breeding programmes ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, FORESTRY
Sustainable production of transgenic strawberry plants, ethical consequences and potential effects on producers, environment and consumers
TSP-EEES - (QLRT-1999-01479)
The main purpose of this project is to develop a genetically modified strawberry (GMFRS) cultivar that is more resistant to Botrytis cinerea (grey mould) for commercial production in organic agriculture. The GMFRS cultivar is expected to increase yield, reduce the use of toxic fungicides and increase strawberry quality leading to economic competitiveness. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FRUIT
Making plants resistant to plant parasitic nematodes: no access - no feeding
NONEMA - (QLRT-1999-01501)
This project will build on preceding EU projects (BI04-CT96-0318, FAIRl-CT95-0905), by generating potato and tomato plants with robust and durable resistance to root knot and cyst nematodes. The resistance will be based on the creation of multiple barriers. As the basic mechanisms of plant-nematode interactions will be studied and disrupted, the outcome ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE
Improved diagnostic tools for the certification of strawberry propagation material
VIRUS DETECTOR - (QLRT-1999-01553)
Viruses constitute a significant threat to the strawberry industry, causing severe economic losses. These viruses include the causal agents of quarantine diseases of major economic importance, such as crinkle, mottle, vein banding, and mild yellow edge disease. Rapid and simple methods for the detection of the major aphid-borne strawberry viruses are ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Soil ecological and economic evaluation of genetically modified crops
ECOGEN - (QLRT-2001-01666)
The possible future use of genetically modified (GM) plants in agriculture needs an in-depth investigation into the ecological and economic consequences. Following a state-of-the-art ecological risk assessment, this project will combine simple lab tests, multi-species model ecosystems and field studies to acquire mechanistic and realistic knowledge. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Bridging genomes: An integrated genomic approach toward genetic improvement of aquacultured fish species
BRIDGE-MAP - (QLRT-2000-01797)
The present project will use a combined approach of radiation hybrid, linkage and QTL mapping as well as creation of resources for genome research (BAC library, cDNA libraries, ESTs and database) to: 1. transfer genome information from model organisms to commercial species through the approach of comparative genomics; 2. bridge the gaps in maps ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Developing a physical and functional map of the potato: Creating new sources for molecular markers to breed cultivars with multiple resistances and quality traits
APOPHYS - (QLRT-2001-01849)
The potato ranks fourth in world food production, after wheat, rice and maize. It has one of the richest genetic resources of any cultivated plant, and its wild relatives possess a broad spectrum of resistances to pests and diseases, tolerances to frosts and drought and many other valuable traits. However, compared to crop species that can be selfed, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Growth, vigour, environment: Molecular breeding for plant growth and yield
GVE - (QLRT-2000-01871)
Plant growth and crop yield are determined by the interaction of genotype with the environment, but little is known about the genes that control and contribute to growth, vigour and yield under different environmental conditions. The completed genome sequence of the model plant Arabidopsis, combined with innovative functional genomic strategies ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
A functional genomic approach to measuring stress in fish aquaculture
STRESSGENES - (QLRT-2000-02211)
The purpose of this study is to measure stress levels in fish. The recent development of genomic tools, particularly micro-array technology, allows a systematic gene expression analysis of biological material and provides an integrated overview of the global response at the level of gene expression. Such information is of major importance for identifying ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Feasibility of a European Union plant health directive (77/93/EEC): Diagnostic chip
DIAG CHIP - (QLRT-2000-02270)
This project will investigate the feasibility of producing a diagnostic chip for the simultaneous detection of all the plant pests/pathogens present in the European Union Plant Health Directive, using quarantine potato pests as a model system. The project will establish methods for detection of quarantine pathogens in plant tissue using gene chip technology. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Studies on the alimentary pathogensis of BSE agents and natural scrapie in sheep and mice: Implications for diagnosis and control
SC-GUT - (QLRT-2000-02332)
This project will study the early pathogenesis of scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in sheep and mice, with emphasis on the uptake and accumulation of the prion protein (PrP), and infectivity in the gut-associated and peripheral lymphoid tissues and its relevance to neuroinvasion. The transport of PrP across the mucosa of the gut and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Quantitative trait loci affecting milk production: Mapping and utilisation for marker assisted selection in dairy and dual purpose cattle
BOVMAS - (QLRT-2000-02379)
The proposal involves mapping the QTL affecting milk production and associated traits by selective DNA pooling. High resolution mapping will be carried out for some of the identified QTL, using selective recombinant genotyping within, and identical-by-descent mapping across the various populations. Allele frequency of QTL alleles, and marker haplotypes ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Natural oxylipins and defence in ornamentals
NODO - (QLRT-2000-02445)
The purpose of this project is to engineer plant oxylipin synthesis in vitro to assess their usefulness as 'green' antimicrobial and pesticidal chemoprotectants. Plant oxylipin biosynthesis will be manipulated in vivo to modify defence reactions for improved resistance to pests and pathogens. As a result of this work, an 'oxylipin tool ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Cloning and functional analysis of fish peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors: The transcriptional control of lipid metabolism in farmed fish species
fPPARs - (QLRT-1999-30360)
Among the major problems encountered in intensive fish aquaculture, the accumulation of fat in the tissues of farmed fish and the dependency of the aquaculture industry on fish oils for high-quality feeds are issues of exceptional economic interest. These problems can only be efficiently addressed by an increased understanding of the processes involved ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Fluorescent rapid and ultra-sensitive detection test for the tracking of toxic algal species in the marine environment
Detal - (QLRT-1999-30778)
Harm fulalgal blooms have become an increasing problem in coastal waters all over the world. The objective of this proposal is to develop a new automated method for the detection of different harmful algal species. This methodology is a fluorescent-based technology for the rapid and sensitive detection of harmful algae, and has the potential to reduce ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Development of an environment-friendly F1 hybrid breeding technology
HybTech - (QLRT-1999-30902)
The F1 hybrid is a proven breeding tool since it results in better crop yields and the natural protection of breeders' rights. It relies on parental homozygosity and, in most crops, reversible male sterility. The former ensures the uniformity of the hybrid crops, the latter allows large-scale hybrid seed production without emasculation. Instead of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, COEXISTENCE
Intra- and interspecific gene flow in oaks as mechanisms promoting diversity and adaptive potential
OAKFLOW - (QLRT-1999-30960)
The project aims to estimate the amount of intra- and interspecific (hybridisation) gene flow in European oaks, using Quercus petraea and Quercus robur mainly, but also other Mediterranean white oaks. This will be done by using genetic fingerprints and applying parentage analysis. The project will investigate the natural gene flow from ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, COEXISTENCE
New predictors for pork quality derived from gene expression profiles of skeletal muscle during prenatal development
PorDictor - (QLRT-1999-31363)
The purpose of this project is to use genomic data and natural regulation mechanisms to offer new approaches to improve pork quality. An important proportion of the heritability of meat quality is determined during prenatal muscle development. Therefore breed-specific gene expression in embryonic muscle tissue of extreme breeds will be studied to shortlist ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Molecular ecophysiology as a tool for the selection of highly stress-resistant poplar species for multipurpose forests
ESTABLISH - (QLRT-1999-31377)
ESTABLISH addresses the problem of land recultivation under arid climatic conditions - the affects of reafforestation on soil erosion and salinity. To enable economically feasible afforestation, and to recreate favourable microclimatic conditions for wood production under strained environments, stress tolerant tree species will be identified from the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, SOIL, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Analysis and exploitation of germplasm resources using transposable element molecular markers
TEGERM - (QLRT-1999-31502)
The European Union is facing the challenge of improving the genetic diversity in European agriculture to enable it to respond to the demands of the next century. There is a wealth of genetic resources in European gene banks and the main obstacle to exploiting this biodiversity to the benefit of European agriculture is the difficulty in identifying ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, HORTICULTURE, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
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