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Projects in area: HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING

Chitosan activates resistance against pathogens after exposure: Production of chitosans from shrimp shells for applications in plant disease protection
CHITOSAN - (QLRT-2000-00777)
The purpose of this project is to develop and exploit the economic and ecological potential of the abundant biological raw material, chitin, isolated from waste shrimp shells, which will be up-graded into chemically and biologically well-defined chitosans. These biocompatible, biodegradable, non-allergenic, non-toxic chitosans will be tested for their ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, SOIL, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, GENOMICS
Evalution of the possible transmission of prions (scrapie and BSE) to different fish species
TSE AND FISH - (QLRT-2001-00866)
The pathogen common to all transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is the 'prion', the major or sole component of which is an abnormal glycoprotein (PrPSc). The 'benign' isomer of this protein is normally expressed as cellular prion protein (PrPC), which is converted to its pathological isoform. It is thought that, following oral ingestion, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Exploiting the genomes of diverse pseudomonas biocontrol strains for sustainable agriculture, to protect the environment and to Improve Human Health by Production of Healthy Food
PSEUDOMICS - (QLRT-2001-00914)
The success of agriculture in the European Union in producing healthy food is highly dependent on the suppression of phytopathogens, which cause major crop losses and decrease the quality of food. Biocontrol forms an environment-friendly alternative for chemical pesticides, the use of which is being strongly restricted in the EU since they are often ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
European project to study BSE strain in sheep
BSE IN SHEEP - (QLRT-2001-01309)
Scrapie in sheep is a group of TSE strains non-transmissable to humans, and this disease has been widespread in Europe for several centuries. It is known that sheep can be experimentally infected with BSE, and that such BSE is similar to scrapie in terms of pathogenesis and clinical signs. Can BSE be transmitted under natural conditionsto livestock ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Biiomedical Textiles from Dibutyrylchitin and Chitin
CHITOMED - (QLRT-2001-01330)
On the European market, there is a lack of innovative biomaterials that aid in the regeneration of wound tissue. This project aims to design and develop optimal textile forms for medical applications made from dibutyrylchitin (DBC) and chitin, a fishery byproduct. A method for the synthesis of dibutyrylchitin has recently been developed. DBC is easily ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Biocompatible flexible polymer alloys based on polyesters from renewable resources for mass-consumer applications involving contact with human fluids and tissues
BIOFLEX - (QLRT-1999-01355)
The massive consumption of crude fossil fuel, both as an energy source and raw material supply, results in environmental penalties incompatible with the concept of sustainable growth in a modern society. In this context, the production of fine chemicals through natural synthesis by fermentation of excess agricultural products, or agro-industrial sub-products, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Coordination, harmonisation and standardisation of measurement of bovine and porcine accute phase protein in blood; Reference preparations for animal protein assays
ANIMAL APP STANDARDS - (QLRT-1999-01532)
Acute phase proteins are blood proteins whose concentration alters significantly during infectious or inflammatory disease. Measuring the concentration of these proteins in serum or plasma is now recognised as being an important laboratory test in the diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of disease in cattle and pigs, and the presence of sub-clinical ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Improving quality and safety of hen eggs in new production systems by reinforcing the antimicrobial natural defence and by developing tools for grading eggs
EGGDEFENCE - (QLRT-2000-01606)
An egg is a pre-packed food that is vulnerable to external microbiological loads, and is the major cause of Salmonella food poisoning in man. The mechanical protection afforded by the eggshell barrier and the antibacterial properties of membranes and egg white are influenced by several factors. These include physiology, genetics, the housing ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Spore probiotics: An alternative to antibiotics in animal husbandry
SPOREBIOTICS - (QLRT-2000-01729)
The overuse of antibiotics in the farming industry has profound public health implications. Of most concern are the proliferation of drug-resistant bacteria and the transfer of these bacteria from farm animals to humans. This year Denmark has made the landmark decision of banning antimicrobials as growth promoters in pigs. This decision reinforces ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Fate and toxicity of allelochemicals (natural plant toxins) in relation to environment and consumer
FATEALLCHEM - (QLRT-2000-01967)
In recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the prospects of exploiting allelopathy as an alternative strategy for controlling weeds, insects and diseases. However, the environmental and toxicological consequences of this should be investigated. Well-described allelopathic properties of wheat combined with low environmental persistence and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS
Novel tools for developing fusarium-resistant and toxin-free wheat for Europe
FUCOMYR - (QLRT-2000-02044)
Fusarium fungi cause a great problem in the complete cereal food and feed chain because they contaminate the grain with mycotoxins, which cause serious illness and immuno-repression in humans and animals. This mycotoxin problem is the result of events at the start of the food chain, due to fungal infestation during crop growth, while the negative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
New markers of immunological stress and welfare in animals: Porcine ccute phase proteins in the Production of Healthy Pigs
APP IN PIG PRODUCTION - (QLRT-2000-02219)
Acute phase proteins (APP) are blood proteins, which significantly alter during the active stage of infection. Initial studies have shown that, during pig production, APPs identify poor hygiene on farms and predict higher incidence of disease. The purpose of the project is to optimise pig production so that losses in growth rate associated with immunological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Studies on the alimentary pathogensis of BSE agents and natural scrapie in sheep and mice: Implications for diagnosis and control
SC-GUT - (QLRT-2000-02332)
This project will study the early pathogenesis of scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in sheep and mice, with emphasis on the uptake and accumulation of the prion protein (PrP), and infectivity in the gut-associated and peripheral lymphoid tissues and its relevance to neuroinvasion. The transport of PrP across the mucosa of the gut and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, GENOMICS
Defining and validating gut health criteria in young pigs, based on digestive physiology, microbiology and mucosal immunology investigations for testing alternative strategies to in-feed antibiotics
HEALTHYPIGUT - (QLRT-1999-30522)
Considerable efforts have been devoted to the understanding of infectious diseases, including the biology of pathogens, host resistance and therapy in animals and humans. By contrast, very little is known about the prevention of diseases in pigs through dietary and non-dietary strategies because these problems have been overcome by adding sub-therapeutic ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
The challenge of modernity for reindeer management: Integration and sustainable development in Europe's sub-Arctic and boreal regions (RENMAN)
RENMAN - (QLRT-1999-30745)
RENMAN will develop new tools and models of participatory research and planning in reindeer management that will facilitate integrated and sustainable use of living resources in sub-arctic/boreal Europe. RENMAN is a direct outgrowth of the participation of key partners in the project 'Human Environmental Interactions' in the European Union Concerted ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Rapid antibiotic detection for illegal and unlicensed substances in animal feedstuffs
Feedstuffs-RADIUS - (QLRT-1999-30900)
In the European Union, human health concerns have resulted in the antibiotic growth promoters avoparcin, spiramycin, tylosin, virginiamycin and zinc bacitracin being banned from use in animal feed. Existing Community methods of analysis are microbiologically based, non-specific, susceptible to feed component interference and unsuitable for the effective ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Sustainability, product safety and quality in cereals:Development of novel quantitative models for risk assessment for mycotoxigenic fusarium species
RAMFIC - (QLRT-1999-31517)
Ear blight, caused by several Fusarium species, is a significant threat to wheat production in the European Union. The distribution and predominance of the species are mainly determined by climatic conditions. Fusarium species can produce a range of mycotoxins, which may pose a considerable health threat to consumers. This project aims ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
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