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Projects in area: CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Eco-engineering and conservation of slopes for long-term protection from erosion, landslides and storms
ECO-SLOPES - (QLRT-2000-00289)
Recent catastrophic landslide and storm events in Europe, resulting in the loss of human life and irreparable damage to rural communities, illustrate a huge need for improved management of unstable slopes in both urban and natural environments. Current geo-engineering measures, involving the use of reinforcing techniques, offer an expensive solution ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Forecasting the dynamic response of timber quality to management and environmental change: An integrated approach
MEFYQUE - (QLRT-2000-00345)
There is a recognised need within the European forest industry for models forecasting the quality of timber, given that the wood product industries are reliant on a regular supply of wood of uniform properties. This proposal aims to improve understanding by developing an integrated modelling framework. The framework will enable forest managers, the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Common Agricultural Policy strategy for regions, agriculture and trade
CAP-STRAT - (QLRT-2000-00394)
The purpose of the project, CAP-STRAT, is to support the Agriculture DG by projecting the development of the agricultural sector and analysing the impact of current and alternative policy programmes through the application of the regionalised modelling system CAPRI. A reference run will be prepared representing the most probable development of the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Agricultural sector in the Member States and European Union: Econometric modelling for projections and analysis of EU policies on agriculture, forestry and the environment
AG-MEMOD - (QLRT-2000-00473)
The purpose of this project is to integrate agri-food sector analysis to provide results for the European Union. Econometric models will be constructed in each Member State and these models will link together and produce results for the EU. This EU composite model will show the impacts of policy, and other changes, up to a ten-year horizon. Projections ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Wood for energy - A contribution to the development of sustainable forest management
WOOD-EN-MAN - (QLRT-2000-00527)
WOOD-EN-MAN will focus on the sustainable use of wood-based biomass resources for energy aiming at further development of sustainable forest management in Europe, including socio-economic aspects. End user products will be based on integrated ecological, biological and socio-economic research. Operational management guidelines and policy recommendations ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
The agricultural, ecological and socio-economic importance of free-ranging livestock rearing in Europe
PASTORAL - (QLRT-2000-00559)
The majority of 'high nature value' livestock systems are now confined to mountainous areas of Europe. Extensive livestock rearing systems are a policy priority because they are fundamental for maintaining a wide range of habitats and species. However, before appropriate policies can be put in place, it is essential to understand how such systems function ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Silvoarable agroforestry for Europe
SAFE - (QLRT-2000-00560)
The purpose of the SAFE project is to encourage Europe to take advantage of silvoarable agroforestry systems - wide-spaced trees and crops mixed in the same agricultural parcels. However, such systems are currently not attractive to farmers due to policy adjustment. The introduction of wide-spaced, high-quality trees on European farmland will be modelled ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FORESTRY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Cod spatial dynamics and vertical movements in European waters and implications for fishery management
CODYSSEY - (QLRT-2001-00813)
The principle aim of the proposed research is to improve understanding on the horizontal migrations and vertical movements of cod. This will include the influence of environmental and biological factors on them in order to provide management relevant information as to the horizontal availability, vertical accessibility and individual vulnerability ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Managing fisheries to conserve groundfish and benthic invertebrate species diversity
MAFCONS - (QLRT-2001-00856)
Fishing affects marine ecosystems beyond the effects on just the target species. Populations of non-target species and the diversity of species have declined, contrary to the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity. The 1997 intermediate ministerial meeting determined that an ecosystem approach to management be developed, enabling marine ecosystems ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Further development of organic farming policy in Europe, with particular emphasis on European Union enlargerment
EU-CEEOFP - (QLRT-2001-00917)
The project will identify how the complementary development of organic farming (OF) in both the original EU-15 countries and Switzerland, and in some of the new Member States and Candidate Countries can be fostered through policy design and innovation. Addressing the issue of complementarity requires a detailed knowledge of present conditions at ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Genetic diversity in agriculture: Temporal flux, sustainable productivity and food security
GEDIFLUX - (QLRT-2000-00934)
The purpose of this project is to develop a scientifically based framework for determining any changes in genetic diversity over time in four very widely grown agricultural crops (wheat, barley, maize and potatoes). Any enlargement of the genetic base or genetic erosion that may have occurred over the past 60 years in these crops will be determined ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS
Cephalopod stocks in European waters: Review, analysis, assessment and sustainable management
CEPHSTOCK - (QLRT-2001-00962)
Cephalopod stocks that support increasingly important fisheries are not currently managed within the scope of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The purpose of this project is to assemble demographic, genetic, physiological, environmental and socio-economic data on the fishing and exploitation of cephalopods, and develop common databases and GIS. The ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Visualisation tools for public participation in managing landscape change
VISULANDS - (QLRT-2001-01017)
The way land is managed is increasingly being decided upon at a local level. Greater public participation in landscape planning processes and increasing empowerment of local administration to determine resource exploitation and development are growing trends throughout Europe. Though some of the changes reflect European Union policies at a regional ... More (full abstract).
 
Implementation of sustainable agriculture and rural development in Alpine mountains
IMALP - (QLRT-2001-01099)
... More (full abstract).
 
Multiple objectives in the management of EU fisheries
MOFISH - (QLRT-1999-01273)
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) embodies multiple objectives (biological, economic and social) in its aims for the management of fisheries in EU waters. However, there has been significant criticism of the CFP concerning its effectiveness on these aims. The main reason for this is that important sectors of the industry feel that their best interests ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Genetic evaluation of European rose resources for conservation and horticultural use
GENEROSE - (QLRT-2001-01278)
This project focuses on the conservation and use of natural resources in the genus Rosa. Attempts to preserve rose gene pools without sufficient knowledge about the genetic background may counteract efforts to increase biodiversity, compromise the maintenance of (rare) indigenous species in landscaping and make it difficult to (re)introduce ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, GENOMICS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, COEXISTENCE
European livestock policy evaluation network: Development of a livestock policy decision support system
ELPEN - (QLRT-1999-01296)
There is an increasing demand from policy makers in the livestock area to be able to assess, in an integrated way, the economic, environmental and social impact of potential policy changes. The purpose of this project was to build a state-of-the-art integrative, knowledge-based, spatially explicit decision support system to appraise the likely impact ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Stability and mitigation of arable systems in hilly landscapes
STAMINA - (QLRT-2001-01313)
Meaningful indicators for the vulnerability of production systems are needed to support a Common Agricultural Policy towards sustainable development. In the European Union, 15% to 50 % of arable land is located on slopes, where yield losses may range from 30% to 90 % due to erosion, drought, frost and heat. Climatic variation is to increase the instability ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Pan-European soil erosion risk assessment
PESERA - (QLRT-1999-01323)
Soil erosion poses severe limitations to sustainable agricultural land use as it reduces on-farm soil productivity and causes the accumulation of sediments and agri-chemicals in waterways. Current models are designed to assess soil erosion at high resolutions, and are not suitable for developing regional soil conservation strategies. A physically based ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Nature-based management of Beech in Europe - A multifunctional approach to forestry
NAT-MAN - (QLRT-1999-01349)
The purpose of Nat-Man is to help resolve the challenge of sustainable forest management (SFM). The subject of the project is European beech forests, which represent a large resource for timber production, biodiversity conservation and recreation. The project delivers scientifically founded policy recommendations and management guidelines for SFM, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Marketing sustainable agriculture: An analysis of the potential role of new food supply chains in sustainable rural development
SUS-CHAIN - (QLRT-2001-01349)
Food supply chains (FSCs) could enhance sustainable food production and rural development. This project will identify the critical points in FSCs, which currently constrain the further dissemination of sustainable production and recommend actions that are likely to enhance the prospects of sustainable food markets. In-depth case studies of FSCs in ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD
Mutualisation on fisheries and aquaculture European research institutes
MUTFISHARE - (QLRT-2001-01353)
... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Innovative models of critical key indicators as planning and decision support for sustainable rural development and inegrated cross-border regional management in former Iron Curtain areas based on north to south European reference studies
IRON CURTAIN - (QLRT-2000-01401)
The project is focused on a multi-sectoral integrated methodology for decision-making in a sustainable rural development enhancing territorial competitiveness. It is based on the development of an innovative toolset incorporating Geographical Information Systems (GIS), system dynamics and indicator modelling, integrating rural areas, natural and human ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Fishery regulation and the economic responses of fishermen: perceptions and compliance
FISHREG - (QLRT-1999-01405)
The project will develop and employ a methodology to investigate fishermen's responses, both psychological and behavioural, to fishery regulations. It will then inform the development of fisheries management instruments and governance structures of the results so that compliance levels and the effectiveness of management can be improved.Most fisheries ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Integrated pest management strategies incorporating biocontrol for European oilseed rape pests
MASTER - (QLRT-2000-01447)
Crop protection in oilseed rape, a major European crop, currently relies on pesticides and lags behind recent scientific advances. MASTER will construct and evaluate, through a trans-European collaborative experiment, economically viable and environmentally less harmful Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Strategies for the crop that maximise biological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Developing wheat with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency towards a sustainable system of production
SUSTAIN - (QLRT-2000-01461)
Wheat requires a large input of chemicals to realise maximum yield. This is now a heavy burden on the farming industry as the European Union implements its Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) reforms, which will reduce cereal prices. This project proposes to develop wheat with enhanced inherent nitrogen use that will require less fertiliser input, thus ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, SOIL, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Small-scale wood harvesting technology in Europe
SMALLFORE - (QLRT-1999-01493)
The Small-Scale Wood Harvesting Technology in Europe and its Contribution to Rural Development (SMALLFORE) project has explored development needs and possibilities for small-scale wood harvesting technology, to promote the employment potential and viability of forested rural areas in Europe. Both technological and socio-economic aspects were considered. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Evaluating current European agri-environment schemes to quantify and improve nature conservation efforts in agricultural landscapes
EASY - (QLRT-2001-01495)
Agri-environment schemes cover a wide range of meas ures that differ depending on aim, country or even region, but have in common that farmers are being paid to adapt the management on (parts of) their farms to the benefit of biodiversity, environment or landscape. Agri-environment schemes play an increasingly important role in The European Union's ... More (full abstract).
 
An assessment of the practicalities and acceptability of a bond scheme as part of Common Agricultural Policy reform
BONDSCHEME - (QLRT-1999-01510)
The project sought to assess the so-called bond scheme as a way of providing transitional relief to farm businesses experiencing reductions in price and income support as part of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The purpose of the project was to design a workable bond scheme, and to test its practicality and acceptability on policymakers, ... More (full abstract).
 
Human interactions with the mountain birch forest ecosystem: Implications for sustainable development
HIBECO - (QLRT-1999-01515)
Mountain birch (Betula pubescens ssp.czerepanovii) is the dominant tree species in northern Fennoscandia and in the North Atlantic region in Europe, and has been used for centuries in agroforestry practices. Previous studies suggest that the mountain birch ecosystem has been under pressure through intensive grazing by herbivores, and ever-increasing ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, ARABLE CROPS, FORESTRY
Strategy for integrated development of agriculture and rural aeas in CEE countries
IDARA - (QLRT-1999-01526)
The aim of the idara project was to identify key problems and discuss strategies for an integrated development of agriculture and rural areas in three Central European countries acceding to the EU (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland). The research called for cross-national and interdisciplinary work with a need to integrate a number of methodological ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Risks associated with Tilletia indica, the newly listed EU quarantine pathogen, the cause of Karnaval Bunt of wheat
KARNAL BUNT RISKS - (QLRT-1999-01554)
There are risks posed to European Union wheat by Tilletia indica, which is the cause of karnal bunt. T. indica does not occur in Europe but is intercepted on wheat imports and threatens wheat quality, yield and exports. Legislation to protect EU wheat was enforced in 1997, based on a theoretical pest risk analysis (PRA). International ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Conservation and restoration of European cork oak woodlands: A unique ecosystem in the balance
CREOAK - (QLRT-2001-01594)
Despite their ecological, patrimonial and socio-economic importance, cork oak woodlands in south-western Europe are in an endangered situation due to excessive intensification or agricultural abandonment. These semi-natural woodlands are suffering from ageing and senescence as, overall, little natural regeneration is taking place. Thus, the future ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, FORESTRY
Rural employment and agricultural perspective in the Balkan Applicant Countries
REAPBALK - (QLRT-2000-01608)
The purpose of this project is to analyse the medium-term agricultural and employment perspectives in selected rural areas of four Balkan countries - Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Slovenia. As a point of reference, an analysis of a comparable rural area in Greece will be carried out. The research project will focus on some selected regions, trying ... More (full abstract).
 
Enhancing the competitiveness and efficiency of wood-based panels in construction
Panels - (QLRT-1999-01640)
This project is required to support the European Union policy relating to the Construction Products Directive and the Harmonised Standard for wood-based panel products. The project addresses 12 key issues relating to the structural use of wood-based panels as identified by the European Standardisation Committee CEN TC112. The project has produced new ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Building new relationships in rural areas under urban pressure
BUILDING RURBAN RELATIONS - (QLRT-2001-01696)
The purpose of this research project is to help actors in rural areas under urban pressure to develop strategies to provide rural goods and services (RGS) related to the landscape, and to get compensation payments for the use of the green landscape through new relationships with the urban society. RGS are quality and health products, ecological services, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Establishing traceability for cod (Gadus morhua): Determining location of spawning and harvest
CODTRACE - (QLRT-2000-01697)
Cod is one of the European Union's most economically important fish species but as they cannot be traced to their origin, problems arise with stock management and consumer safety. Methods will be developed that establish traceability for individuals, placing unknown cod in their location of spawning and harvest. The objectives include differentiating ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Biomass production chain and growth simulation model for Kenaf
BIOKENAF - (QLRT-2001-01729)
This RTD project will contribute to the implementation of three main European Union policies: the Common Agricultural Policy, the Agenda 2000 and the White Paper. As a result of these policies, the financial feasibility of non-food crops production will increase, but the diversification of land use and sustainability of farm incomes should also be ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Policy and knowledge in fisheries management: The North Sea cod case
PKFM - (QLRT-2001-01782)
The overall objectives of the project are to identify and understand specific shortcomings in the European Common Fisheries Policy and its implementation, which have contributed to the problems evident in several European fisheries, and to devise means for European fisheries management, as described in the Commission's Green Paper on the future ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
The future of olive plantation systems on sloping and mountainous land: Scenarios for production and natural resource conservation
OLIVERO - (QLRT-2001-01841)
Since Roman times, the olive orchards on sloping and mountainous land in Southern Europe have formed a major source of income and employment, with the production systems being economically and environmentally sustainable. This situation has now been disturbed by factors such as migration, competition from intensive lowland production and from non-European ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT
New gene tools to improve pig welfare and the quality of pork
QUALITYPORKGENES - (QLRT-2000-01888)
The European Union's meat industry is in decline with serious socio-economic impacts. One reason for this is an inability to deliver consistently high quality meat products to the consumer. QualityPorkGENES addresses this problem by investigating pork meat quality and stress response in pigs in order to meet consumer requirements for both quality and ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS
Environmental risk assessment for European agriculture
ENRISK - (QLRT-2000-01911)
The purpose of the EnRisk project is to develop agri-environmental assessments further by investigating the role of risk zone assessments as a means for policy implementation on sustainable land use, nature conservation and landscape management at the European level. It will use existing European data and indicator concepts in order to identify areas ... More (full abstract).
 
The role of small and medium-sized towns in rural development
MARKETOWNS - (QLRT-2000-01923)
Using a methodology previously developed and tested by one of the partners, this project will measure the economic linkages between small and medium-sized towns and the surrounding countryside in order to assess their present and potential role as growth poles in rural development. The methodology also provides an indication of the local employment ... More (full abstract).
 
Sharing responsibilities in fisheries management
RESPONSIBLE - (QLRT-2000-01998)
The research carried out by this project will provide different alternatives for the division of responsibilities resulting from the Common Fisheries Policy's (CFP's) Conservation and Structural Policy and in the fisheries management of five European Union countries and Norway. These alternatives will be based upon an evaluation of the current division ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Improving sustainability of milk production systems in the European Union through increasing reliance on grazed pasture
GRAZEMORE - (QLRT-2000-02111)
Milk production systems, based on a high reliance on grazed herbage, offer a number of economic, animal welfare and environmental benefits. In order to increase uptake of such systems within the European Union, this proposal brings together expertise from five Member States within the EU to develop and validate European grass growth and herbage intake ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, GRASSLAND
Regional development and cultural landscape change: The example of the Alps - evaluating and adjusting European Union and national policies to manage a balanced change
REGALP - (QLRT-2000-02329)
For a long time, conservation and nature protection aspects have dominated the discussion about landscape development. In the last few years, this discussion has been superseded by new and more comprehensive approaches guided by the idea of sustainable development. Although landscape has become a key research subject, there is still a wide range of ... More (full abstract).
 
Strengthening the multifunctional use of European land: Coping with marginalisation
EUROLAN - (QLRT-2001-02346)
... More (full abstract).
 
European information system for organic markets
EISfom - (QLRT-2001-02400)
This project aims to develop a framework for statistics on organic food production, trade and consumption to meet market analysis needs, and the need of regulators and policy-makers to monitor this rapidly growing sector, including traceability issues and sustainability indicators. These aims will be achieved by reviewing existing data collection systems, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD
Sustainable conservation of animal genetic resources in marginal rural areas: Integrating molecular genetics, socio-economics and geostatistical approaches
ECONOGENE - (QLRT-2000-02461)
This proposal uniquely combines a molecular analysis of biodiversity, socio-economics and geostatistics to address the conservation of sheep and goat genetic resources and rural development in marginal agrosystems in Europe. To assist in situ conservation and address the relevant socio-economic factors, a coordinated approach to define the strategies ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
European network of agricultural and rural policy research institutes (ENARPRI) - Thematic network on trade agreements and European agriculture
ENARPRI - (QLRT-2001-02481)
The European Network of Agricultural and Rural Policy Research Institutes (ENARPRI) brings together leading (national) institutes and research teams from 13 countries by institutionalising regular meetings both within the network, and between this research network and users of policy research (at a national and European Union level). The central theme ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Developing cross-compliance in the European Union: Background, lessons and opportunities
EU CROSS COMPLIANCE - (QLRT-2001-02640)
This project is intended to provide European Union Member States, Candidate Countries and other institutions and stakeholders with up-to-date information, the results of relevant research and evolving practical knowledge, to realise the full potential of the cross-compliance instrument for public benefit. The project will entail the preparation, hosting ... More (full abstract).
 
Integrated development of agricultural and rural institutions
IDARI - (QLRT-2001-02718)
European Union enlargement intensifies the debate over the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and sustainable rural development. It also demands maximising the potential of jobs and value in rural areas. Rural innovations matching this political agenda will rely heavily on institutional change. The Integrated Development of Agricultural and Rural Institutions ... More (full abstract).
 
Perspectives of plant protein use in aquaculture: Biological, environmental and socio-economic consequences
PEPPA - (QLRT-1999-30068)
Studies will be undertaken on a freshwater and a marine teleost (rainbow trout and gilthead sea bream) in order to define the ideal protein profile for maximising muscle growth. With an amino acid balance, non-protein energy supply and reduction of anti-nutritional factors (ANF), fishmeal-free (FMF) practical diets will be developed using plant protein ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Urban pressure on rural areas: Mutations and dynamics of periurban rural processes
NEWRUR - (QLRT-1999-30094)
Periurbanisation, from the rural point of view, is an important question, which has been studied from the urban point of view only, and not on a European scale. It questions economic and social mutations within these rural areas under urban pressure. It also raises the problem of the future of agriculture and competition for land. The research proposed ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Integrating foraging attributes of domestic livestock breeds into sustainable systems for grassland biodiversity and wider countryside benefit
FORBIOBEN - (QLRT-1999-30130)
The purpose of this project is to identify sustainable grazing management practices for maintaining and enhancing biodiverse grasslands. The effects of the management system (targeted at production or at biodiversity) and animal breed (commercial or rustic) on the botanical, structural and invertebrate biodiversity will be quantified and the socio-economic ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, GRASSLAND, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, PLANT EXTRACTS
Biofiltration and aquaculture - an evaluation of hard substrate deployment performance within mariculture developments
BIOFAQs - (QLRT-1999-30305)
Marine cage fish cultures deposit untreated solid wastes on the seabed below cages, which has a deleterious effect of the benthic environment. It is proposed to examine the hydrodynamic, chemical and biological consequences of treating this waste in situ by deploying hard substrates with a large surface area below the cages (biofilters) in contrasting ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
SOIL, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Opportunities for and barriers to tourism-led integrated rural development in rural regions of selected Member States
OPTOUR - (QLRT-1999-30407)
The focus of this research proposal is the determination of the opportunities for, and barriers to, advocating tourism as an agent of rural diversification and development in a range of European Union countries and accession states. It will determine the role, attitudes and perceptions of visitor groups, entrepreneurs and institutions to the development ... More (full abstract).
 
Ensiling and grazing of energy-rich grasses with elevated sugar contents for the sustainable production of ruminant livestock
SWEETGRASS - (QLRT-1999-30498)
The project aims to provide a sound scientific basis for using novel grasses, bred for high sugar content using conventional breeding methods, in grassland-based agriculture. At certain times of the year, these grasses contain up to 400g sugar per kilo. It is proposed to use these grasses, both grazed and ensiled, on their own and in combination with ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, GRASSLAND, CEREALS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
The challenge of modernity for reindeer management: Integration and sustainable development in Europe's sub-Arctic and boreal regions (RENMAN)
RENMAN - (QLRT-1999-30745)
RENMAN will develop new tools and models of participatory research and planning in reindeer management that will facilitate integrated and sustainable use of living resources in sub-arctic/boreal Europe. RENMAN is a direct outgrowth of the participation of key partners in the project 'Human Environmental Interactions' in the European Union Concerted ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ANIMALS, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Sustainable grasslands withstanding environmental stresses
SAGES - (QLRT-1999-30764)
Perennial grasslands occupy 40% of land used by the European Union for agriculture, but all high quality forage grasses lack stress resistance. The project coordinates multidisciplinary groups to combine traditional and novel techniques to develop the means for breeding precisely targeted traits. New robust grass varieties will be created, which will ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND
Aspatial peripherality, innovation and the rural economy
AsPIRE - (QLRT-1999-30783)
Aspatial peripherality (AsP) is a term describing a range of processes, which increasingly compound or distort the effects of physical remoteness. Distance constraints on regional, economic and social development are diminishing, yet the benefits may be either enhanced or masked by a range of essentially non-geographic processes. These include the ... More (full abstract).
 
Restructuring in marginal rural areas - The role of social capital in rural development
RESTRIM - (QLRT-1999-30819)
New patterns of diversity and differentiation are emerging within rural areas and peripheral, marginal regions, and localities have uneven capacities with which to face this uncertain future. The purpose of this research is to enquire into those characteristics of marginal rural communities that build their capacity to diversify their economies, and ... More (full abstract).
 
Supply chains linking food SMEs in Europe's lagging rural regions
SUPPLIERS - (QLRT-1999-30841)
Small food enterprises in lagging rural regions (LRRs) of the European Union must develop efficient and effective supply-chains to contribute fully to the local economy and community. SUPPLIERS will research their business environment, including communications and information technology (C and IT), and members of their supply-chains through to the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD
Rapid antibiotic detection for illegal and unlicensed substances in animal feedstuffs
Feedstuffs-RADIUS - (QLRT-1999-30900)
In the European Union, human health concerns have resulted in the antibiotic growth promoters avoparcin, spiramycin, tylosin, virginiamycin and zinc bacitracin being banned from use in animal feed. Existing Community methods of analysis are microbiologically based, non-specific, susceptible to feed component interference and unsuitable for the effective ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING
Sustainable production of plant-derived indigo
SPINDIGO - (QLRT-1999-30962)
... More (full abstract).
 
Overcoming barriers to conversion to organic farming in the European Union through markets for conversion products
CONVERSION - (QLRT-1999-31112)
The European Union currently imports substantial quantities of organic produce. Converting to organic agriculture is a risky decision for farmers, despite the support payments available. This project seeks to increase the conversion rate through the identification of existing constraints. Furthermore, in keeping with EU policy to encourage market mechanisms ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ANIMALS, ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE
Organic marketing initiatives and rural development
OMIaRD - (QLRT-1999-31124)
Organic Marketing Initiatives (OMIs) will be examined, at increasing levels of complexity, to determine guidelines for existing and potential OMIs, and related actors, for the development of successful marketing strategies. This will involve investigation of the performance of the OMIs themselves, their interaction with the communities and the overall ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FOOD, ARABLE CROPS
Aquaculture and coastal economy and social sustainability
AQCESS - (QLRT-1999-31151)
Fishing and aquaculture are important economic activities in the European Union. This project offers a holistic and innovative approach to the questions of social, economic, environmental and ecological sustainability posed by the development of aquaculture and the changing fishery exploitation in coastal areas. It also integrates multi-disciplinary ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Supporting and promoting integrated tourism in Europe's lagging rural regions
SPRITE - (QLRT-1999-31211)
The European Union's 'lagging' rural regions are relatively disadvantaged in the production of commodities for international markets; the identification of options available to such regions is therefore crucial in stemming their further socio-economic decline. Paradoxically, however, the increased homogeneity of production processes associated with ... More (full abstract).
 
Evaluating financing of forestry in Europe
EFFE - (QLRT-1999-31228)
Many countries have been reforming their forestry policies in response to changing economic, ecological and social sustainability requirements. Consequently, compared with the past, policy targets have become more complex, and Community measures have come to play a stronger role in the forestry sector. With this project proposal, we aim to enhance ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY
Strategies of weed control in organic farming
WECOF - (QLRT-1999-31418)
The purpose of the proposal is to optimise weed control in organic farming with the emphasis on how to grow winter wheat while aiding weed suppression by indirect measures of weed control, rather than relying further on the development of physical weed control techniques. A core programme will focus on morphological features, row width and sowing direction, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, ARABLE CROPS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Integrated control of polysaccharide and ligninbiosynthesis to improve cellulose content, availability and fibre quality
CELLULOSE CONTROL - (QLRT-1999-31493)
The proposal complies with the Common Agricultural Policy in the diversification of agriculture in the area of non-food and forage crops. It will lead to wealth-creating opportunities that are environmentally desirable in a number of developing industrial fields. It is designed as a core discovery programme using proteomics and will lead to gene isolation ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Gastrointestinal functions and food intake regulation in salmonids: Impact of dietary vegetable lipids
GUTINTEGRITY - (QLRT-1999-31656)
Sustainable and ethical aquaculture is of future economic importance for the many rural areas of the European Union. To achieve this, the industry needs to lessen its dependence on fish meal and oil as a basis for fish feed. Vegetable lipids may be a major source of alternative energy for cultured fish, but current knowledge of their effects on the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Definition of a common European analytical framework for the development of local agri-environmental programmes for biodiversity and landscape conservation
AEMBAC - (QLRT-1999-31666)
European agriculture is very diverse from an ecological and a socio-economic point of view. This project will identify the performances of different agricultural systems in relation to the conservation of biodiversity and landscape in seven countries through the identification and assessment of agricultural impacts over the ecosystems' environmental ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
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