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Projects in area: SOIL

Network on anaerobic digestion of waste from industry and agriculture
AD-NETT 2 - (QLRT-2000-00439)
The purpose of this project is to transfer knowledge to countries without anaerobic digestion (AD) development, and to provide stimulation for further development in countries where the technology exists. The AD technology can treat and solve waste problems that other technologies cannot, and gives environmental benefits at a cost efficient level. ... More (full abstract).
 
Carbon-nitrogen interactions in forest ecosystems
CNTER - (QLRT-2000-00596)
Using European data, as well as several regional databases, the purpose of this project is to identify and validate key parameters and empirical relationships (indicators and transfer functions) relevant to carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) that signify changes in forest ecosystem functioning or environmental impacts. CNTER is an interdisciplinary collaborative ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Chitosan activates resistance against pathogens after exposure: Production of chitosans from shrimp shells for applications in plant disease protection
CHITOSAN - (QLRT-2000-00777)
The purpose of this project is to develop and exploit the economic and ecological potential of the abundant biological raw material, chitin, isolated from waste shrimp shells, which will be up-graded into chemically and biologically well-defined chitosans. These biocompatible, biodegradable, non-allergenic, non-toxic chitosans will be tested for their ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE, HUMAN HEALTH AND WELLBEING, GENOMICS
Copolymers of tannins and waste lignocellulosic materials with synthetic materials for non-toxic, environment-friendly chromesbstitutes in leather tanning
TANNINS - (QLRT-1999-00913)
Toxic chrome salts are used for the production of 70% of today's soft leather. The project proposes synthesising copolymers of non-toxic vegetable tannins and waste lignocellulosic materials (both derived from the forestry industry) with (i) acrylic acid, (ii) aminoplastic resins, and (iii) by reacting natural vegetable tannins with small amounts of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, FORESTRY
Development of a Protocol for Ecoefficient Wood Harvesting on Sensitive Sites
ECOWOOD - (QLRT-1999-00991)
Forest machinery interacts considerably with the environment, which means that an inappropriate selection and operation of harvesters and forwarders can have a strong negative impact on the environment. Harvesting conditions vary considerably across Europe, from the wet peat-based soils of Ireland and Scotland, to the steep escarpments of northern ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Development of a model-based decision support system to optimise nitrogen use in horticultural crop rotations across Europe
EUROTATE_N - (QLRT-2001-01100)
Most fresh vegetables within Europe are produced in intensive rotations, which rely heavily on large inputs of nitrogen from fertiliser or organic sources to maintain the yield and quality of produce demanded by its customers. Most field vegetable crops use nitrogen inefficiently and often leave large residues of nitrogen (either as unused fertiliser ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Bioprocessing of sewage sludge for safe recycling on agricultural land
Biowaste - (QLRT-2001-01138)
The disposal and handling of sewage sludge are increasing problems in Europe due to increasing quantities of sewage sludge produced. A large amount of the sewage sludge contains small fractions of toxic chemicals, which result in problems with the safe use of the sewage sludge on agricultural land. From an ecological and economical point of view, it ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
High added value composite panels through recycling of waste lignocellulosic materials
COMPOSITE PANELS - (QLRT-1999-01221)
Currently there are paper products and waste composite panels (mainly furniture parts) that are not appropriate for reuse in the paper industry. This project will develop a new technology for the production of medium-density fibreboard (MDF) using the fibres generated from waste composite panels (particleboard, fibreboard) and waste low-grade paper, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Stability and mitigation of arable systems in hilly landscapes
STAMINA - (QLRT-2001-01313)
Meaningful indicators for the vulnerability of production systems are needed to support a Common Agricultural Policy towards sustainable development. In the European Union, 15% to 50 % of arable land is located on slopes, where yield losses may range from 30% to 90 % due to erosion, drought, frost and heat. Climatic variation is to increase the instability ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Pan-European soil erosion risk assessment
PESERA - (QLRT-1999-01323)
Soil erosion poses severe limitations to sustainable agricultural land use as it reduces on-farm soil productivity and causes the accumulation of sediments and agri-chemicals in waterways. Current models are designed to assess soil erosion at high resolutions, and are not suitable for developing regional soil conservation strategies. A physically based ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Process development for microbial production of the bulk chemical 1.3-Propanediol from glycerol water as a waste effluent
BIODIOL - (QLRT-2001-01343)
The aim of Biodiol is to develop an integrated biotechnical process for the production of the bulk-chemical 1.3-propanediol (PD) from glycerol waters by using the biological waste directly from biodiesel plants. The use of wastes from food industries as a co-substrate will be investigated to increase PD yield. To enable the usage of these cheap impure ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Better management of water process systems by biotechnological identification and treatment of detrimental micro-organisms and metabolites
BIOTECH CONTROL - (QLRT-1999-01389)
Paper production is one of the most water-intensive industrial processes and its effluents have a significant impact on aquatic ecosystems. There is growing insight that a reduction of freshwater consumption and an increase in waste paper recycling rates do in fact contribute to better company results. In response to the economic and environmental ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, GENOMICS
Improvement of wood product properties by increased hydrophobicity obtained by the use of silicon compounds
HYDROPHOB - (QLRT-2001-01439)
The newly implemented Biocidal Products' Directive and future restriction of toxic preservatives will reduce the overall use of biocides. The proposed project aims to develop silicon-based hydrophobisation treatments to improve wood properties in many ways, such as improved dimensional stability, durability against bio-organisms, applicability of ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Management of soil health in horticulture using compost
COMPOST MANAGEMENT - (QLRT-2000-01442)
The use of compost in horticulture, as a soil amendment and nutrient source for plants and the soil microbial community, will contribute to the recycling of waste, and reduce the use of non-renewable artificial fertilisers. For many pot cultures, it will reduce the use of non-renewable peat, compared to other systems. Batches of compost will be tested ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE
Recycling horticultural wastes to produce pathogen suppressant composts for sustainable vegetable crop production
RECOVEG - (QLRT-2000-01458)
The purpose of this project is to investigate methods of recycling problem plant-based wastes. The work aims to determine the mechanism of disease suppression and to enhance the efficacy of composts. It will examine the plant growth and nutrition effects of using composted plant-based wastes in sustainable vegetable production and propagation. Controlled ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE
Developing wheat with enhanced nitrogen use efficiency towards a sustainable system of production
SUSTAIN - (QLRT-2000-01461)
Wheat requires a large input of chemicals to realise maximum yield. This is now a heavy burden on the farming industry as the European Union implements its Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) reforms, which will reduce cereal prices. This project proposes to develop wheat with enhanced inherent nitrogen use that will require less fertiliser input, thus ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CEREALS, CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Durable resistance management of the soil-borne quarantine nematode pests Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax
DREAM - (QLRT-1999-01462)
There is no adequate durable alternative to the use of toxic chemicals to control soil-borne pests on major European arable crops. The project aims to contribute to sustainable production systems by developing a durable resistance management strategy, achieved by integrating expertise in breeding, nematology, botany and molecular biology, novel by ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Development of diagnostic tools and host plant resistance to control the rapid spread of lettuce big-vein and ring necrosis disease in leafy vegetables
DISCOVAR - (QLRT-1999-01471)
Lettuce big-vein and leaf necrosis disease are the most serious of soil-born, fungus-transmitted, viral diseases in leafy vegetables in Europe. They are extremely difficult to control because of the lack of major resistance genes in the current varieties and the persistence of resting spores of the fungal vectors, Olpidium brassicae. Direct ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
HORTICULTURE, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Verticillium wilt in tree species - Developing essential elements for integrated and innovative management strategies
VERTICILLIUM WILT IN TREES - (QLRT-1999-01523)
Verticillium wilt is of increasing significance in European agriculture, especially in tree hosts such as olive and stone fruits, and in shade tree nurseries. More efficient and environmentally sound strategies are needed to manage this disease. The research will concentrate on pathogen variability, host resistance, and detection and risk assessment. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES, FORESTRY, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Soil ecological and economic evaluation of genetically modified crops
ECOGEN - (QLRT-2001-01666)
The possible future use of genetically modified (GM) plants in agriculture needs an in-depth investigation into the ecological and economic consequences. Following a state-of-the-art ecological risk assessment, this project will combine simple lab tests, multi-species model ecosystems and field studies to acquire mechanistic and realistic knowledge. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GENOMICS, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Improved organic fertiliser management for high nitrogen and water-use efficiency and reduced pollution in crop systems
FertOrgaNic - (QLRT-2001-01799)
Water availability drives the mineralisation of organic matter and modulates the bioavailability and uptake of nutrients by the crop. In cropping systems, soil water levels are determined by the amount and distribution of precipitation and are optimised by irrigation inputs. In the proposed study, further information is needed on the threshold values ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS
Tools and scenarios for sustainable management of European peat soils to protect associated landscapes and natural areas in relation to agricultural production
EUROPEAT - (QLRT-2001-01835)
EUROPEAT is the acronym of a European project in the Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources programme. The full title of the project is 'Tools and scenarios for sustainable management of European peat soils to protect associated landscapes and natural areas in relation to agricultural production'. Peat ecosystems are fragile, with important ... More (full abstract).
 
Low input animal production based on forage legumes for grazing systems
LEGGRAZE - (QLRT-2000-02328)
Some grazing systems used in Europe are of grass swards heavily fertilised with nitrogen. The purpose of this project is to investigate legume-based swards as an alternative. Integrated investigations will take place in four countries and the consortium's five partners have complementary skills and facilities in the areas of agronomy, animal production, ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, ARABLE CROPS
Integrated biological treatment and agricultural re-use of olive mill effluents with the concurrent recovery of energy sources
BIOTROLL - (QLRT-2001-02344)
The olive pulp generated during the two-phase processing of olive oil contains almost 80% (per dry weight) carbohydrates and, thus, could be an ideal substrate for the production of energy in the form of ethanol, hydrogen and biogas (methane). Very limited research has so far been conducted into making value out of this waste. This project will analyse ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FRUIT, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS
Algae as raw material for the production of bioplastics and biocomposites contributing to sustainable development of European coastal regions
BIOPAL - (QLRT-2001-02431)
The purpose of the BIOPAL project is to contribute towards solving two environmental problems: algal proliferations and the elimination of plastic waste. The biomass created by green algae and Zostera plague could generate profit by being exploited as a raw material for the production of a new generation of functional bioplastics and biocomposites ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Harmonised and standardised procedures for evaluation of plant protection products, fertilisers and soil conditioners for use in organic agriculture
ORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION - (QLRT-2001-02565)
The use of Plant Protection Products (PPP) and Fertilisers and Soil Conditioners (F&SC) in organic agriculture is regulated by the Council Regulation EEC 2092/91, Annex II. This regulation is of crucial importance to consumer perception of organic products and for the farmers' yield, income and competitiveness. However, the implementation of Annex ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, CROP PESTS AND DISEASES
Biofiltration and aquaculture - an evaluation of hard substrate deployment performance within mariculture developments
BIOFAQs - (QLRT-1999-30305)
Marine cage fish cultures deposit untreated solid wastes on the seabed below cages, which has a deleterious effect of the benthic environment. It is proposed to examine the hydrodynamic, chemical and biological consequences of treating this waste in situ by deploying hard substrates with a large surface area below the cages (biofilters) in contrasting ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
CAP AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
Assessment and reduction of heavy metal input into agro-ecosystems
AROMIS - (QLRT-1999-30670)
The overall purpose of this concerted action is to establish a European research network on the heavy metal problem in agriculture, in order to foster the efficiency of the research activities. This includes ecological, economic, legal and social aspects. All the available data and information on heavy metals with respect to agriculture will be collected, ... More (full abstract).
 
Tools for evaluating investment in the Mediterranean mountain areas - An integrated framework for sustainable development
MEDMONT - (QLRT-1999-31031)
There is no integrated framework currently available that evaluates multiple impacts of investment projects in the context of sustainable development for the mountainous Mediterranean areas. This framework will integrate tools (indicators) through a natural resource base and capability evaluation for forestry, grazing, agriculture, wildlife, tourism ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
GRASSLAND, FORESTRY
Closed system for water and nutrient management in horticulture
CLOSYS - (QLRT-1999-31301)
Throughout Europe, current horticultural practices cause very large amounts of water and nutrients to be wasted in the environment. To avoid this, and to increase possibilities of controlling crop growth and quality, water and individual nutrients should be supplied independently and in proportion to the plant's needs, rather than supplying excessive ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
ARABLE CROPS, HORTICULTURE, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Genes and genetic engineering for arbuscular mycorrhiza technology and applications in sustainable agriculture
GENOMYCA - (QLRT-1999-31319)
Over-fertilising, agricultural additives (like sewage wastes) and atmospheric pollution cause a decrease in soil fertility and plant production. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are symbiotic microorganisms central to plant development in natural conditions and can be used as biotools to avoid heavy chemical inputs. An important amount of research has ... More (full abstract).
 
Implementing tree models as forest management tools
ITM - (QLRT-1999-31349)
In Europe, there is a strong movement towards the management of uneven-aged mixed forests. This is based on the idea that uneven-aged, mixed-species stands increase, or at least maintain, soil fertility, increase biodiversity and improve stand resilience. The shift from even-aged forest management renders existing yield tables increasingly unreliable. ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES AND MODELLING
Molecular ecophysiology as a tool for the selection of highly stress-resistant poplar species for multipurpose forests
ESTABLISH - (QLRT-1999-31377)
ESTABLISH addresses the problem of land recultivation under arid climatic conditions - the affects of reafforestation on soil erosion and salinity. To enable economically feasible afforestation, and to recreate favourable microclimatic conditions for wood production under strained environments, stress tolerant tree species will be identified from the ... More (full abstract).
Also classified in
FORESTRY, NON-FOOD PRODUCTS, GENOMICS
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