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Project Synopsis (FAIR: Co-operative research for SMEs) - Statistics

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Although the FAIR programme was divided into five distinct scientific sectors, only four of the sectors appear in this publication. Table 1 shows how most projects belong to generic science and advanced technologies for nutritious foods (43%). However, it should be noted that the breakdown is largely arbitrary as many projects could equally qualify under the other sectors. Of greater interest is how the project participants are split among the various countries of Europe. Figure 1 shows the breakdown by country.

Table 1: Project breakdown by scientific area
Integrated production and processing chains 18
Generic science and advanced technologies for nutritious foods 26
Agriculture, forestry and rural development 7
Fisheries and aquaculture 10
Total 61


Fig. 1: Project Participants by country

These include SMEs, RTD-Performers and/or other organisations. The map in Figure 1 clearly shows that the greatest number of participants hailed from the United Kingdom, with over 15%. Spain, France, Italy, The Netherlands and Germany then share roughly the same amount of participants with approximately 10% of the total number. The remaining countries range from around 2-5% of the total number of participants. Interestingly, of these, two associated states, Norway and Iceland, figure prominently. This is largely due to the projects working in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. Not surprisingly, the two countries with the lowest number of participants are from outside the European Union, namely Switzerland and Israel, with 0.8% and 0.5% of the participants respectively. When looking at the number of project co-ordinators by country, again the same pattern emerges (Fig. 2).

Fig. 2: Project Co-ordinators by country

In the 15 countries represented, the majority of the 61 co-ordinators came from the United Kingdom (over 30%). Again Spain and France were the two countries who led the next highest number of projects accounting for 12% and 10% of the total respectively. Organisations from The Netherlands and Belgium coordinated 8% and 7% of the projects. The remaining countries only had between 1 - 3 project co-ordinators. Ireland and Luxembourg were the only countries from the European Union which did not lead any of the projects in this publication.

Figure 3 depicts the number of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that were present in the project. SMEs are defined as having less than 250 employees, conforming to the criteria of independence with either an annual turnover not exceeding 40 million euro, or an annual balance-sheet total not exceeding 27 million euro. Typically they are not research centres, research institutes, contract research organisations or consultants. However, this figure is based on information from only 43 of the projects and so is only a representative sample. Again the United Kingdom takes the lead with 14% of the SMEs. Compared with the other figures, the gap between the next highest country is not so great. Italy, Spain and France have the next highest proportion of SMEs with around 11% and Germany 9%. The remaining countries contain a smaller proportion of SMEs ranging from 6% (or 14) in The Netherlands and 5% (or 11) in Portugal to less than 1% in Finland and Israel (Two SMEs each). Only Luxembourg and the associated country, Switzerland, were not represented by SMEs.

Fig. 3: SMEs by country

Figure 4 shows how the RTDPerformers are distributed throughout Europe. RTDPerformers are organisations with sufficient means of conducting research and technological development at the request of the SMEs. As with the SMEs, the information is based on data from only 43 of the 61 projects. The United Kingdom has the highest number of RTD-Performers with over a fifth of the total (119). France, Spain, The Netherlands and Italy all follow with approximately 10% each. The other countries then tail off from Germany with 8 RTDPerformers to Finland, Greece and Israel with only 1%. Sweden had none.

Fig. 4: RTD-Performers by country


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