La politique de cohésion 2014-2020
Operational Programmes worth €132.4 billion have been adopted in 2014
These OPs unleash investments under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund worth EUR 132.4 billion.
Regional Policy programmes for France, Luxembourg, Ireland, Croatia, Slovenia, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Slovakia, Malta, Cyprus, Greece, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Denmark and Lithuania are now adopted. Germany and Poland have also most of their programmes adopted.
Commenting on these adoptions, Commissioner for Regional Policy Corina Creţu said: "Stepping up our efforts this week, we have managed to adopt a total of 148 vital investment programmes. This represents tremendous progress and I want to stress how fruitful the cooperation has been between the Commission and the national and regional authorities during discussions on these programmes; it is a very good sign for our collaboration for the coming years. I intend to keep this pace in early 2015, so we can start implementing these programmes on the ground as soon as possible. Each and every one of these programmes pave the way for a prosperous future in Europe's regions."
Supporting Greece to exit the crisis: European Commission adopts 18 new investment programmes for jobs and growth and better quality of life in 2014-2020
18 new EU investment Programmes for Greece and each of its regions have been given the green light today by the European Commission. These strategic investment programmes for 2014-2020 represent a major support in helping the country out of the crisis and will help creating jobs as well as new opportunities for growth and economic development. Together the value of the programmes amounts to more than €17 billion from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF).
Five national programmes adopted today cover investments in competiveness and innovation; transport and environment; and technical assistance to support an efficient and modern management of these programmes. Contrary to the previous programming period 2007-2013, every one of the 13 Greek regions will have its own, tailored programme of investments.
Commissioner for Regional Policy, Corina Crețu who jointly approved the Operational Programmes for Greece said:"We can only tackle the crisis if we work together and help each other. This major investment plan represents our commitment to support Greece's own efforts to get back on the path to growth. Each investment will be strategically targeted on the critical needs of each region: from transport and environment to support for SMEs, these programmes will deliver concrete benefits to the people of Greece. We need to make the best use of this investment opportunity, business as usual is not an option. Together, we can bring back trust and growth to the Greek economy."
Marianne Thyssen, Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility, said: "For the period 2014-2020, around 800 million euro will be invested in the Greek regions from the European Social Fund aiming mainly to promote social inclusion and combat poverty. We will also support actions to promote sustainable and quality employment, equal opportunities and socio-economic integration of marginalised communities. The promotion of social entrepreneurship will also be supported through the ESF as a tool to facilitate access to employment and provide better services to those most in need".
The Greek programmes contribute to European goals for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth by channelling vital funding into the real economy - supporting small and medium sized enterprises, R&D and innovation, focusing on linking academic and research centres with enterprises as well as into the promotion of education, training, employment and social inclusion. To this end, 34.500 SMEs will receive support and around 2.700 new enterprises are expected to be created and 2.000 SMEs to cooperate with research institutions in order to promote research and innovation. This support from the programmes would result in employment increase of more than 16.000 full time equivalents and around 8.000 new researchers working in supported entities.
Investments will also focus on energy efficiency of public and private buildings, showing country's commitment to move towards a low-carbon economy. More than 26.000 households will be classified in improved energy consumption category and almost 200.000 energy users will connect to smart grids.
A key focus will be on protecting the environment as well as natural and cultural heritage and promoting sustainable urban development. Waste recycling capacity will increase to 1.2 million tonnes per year while around 1 million more people will be served by improved water supply and waste water treatment.
Last but not least, the new programming will target at completing key infrastructures, in particular for transport, therefore constructing some 260km new TEN-T roads and 161km TEN-T railways.
In the meantime, the adoption of a new law proposed by the Greek authorities to govern the Management and control system of the 2014-2020 programming period is expected before the end of the year. It should provide for a sound and transparent management system that will operate in a context of well framed antifraud strategy.
- FULL summaries of 16 Operational Programmes adopted today
- Press Release
- MEMO on Partnership Agreement
- EU Cohesion Policy and Greece
Operational Programmes - State of Play
The European Commission is now analysing the draft Cohesion Policy Operational Programmes (OPs) from all countries outlining their investment plans for EU Structural and Investment Funds for the 2014-2020 programming period.
63 Programmes have been adopted so far including 4 cooperation programmes, for a total amount of more than EUR 47 billion.
The OPs (managed by DG REGIO) have come from:
- Danmark: Their one OP adopted
- Deutschland: All 16 OPs submitted and 12 adopted
- Polska: All 21 OPs submitted and 2 adopted
- Ελλάδα: All 16 OPs submitted
- Latvija: Their one OP adopted
- Lietuva: Their one OP adopted
- Eesti: Their one OP adopted
- Κύπρος: Their one OP submitted
- Slovensko: All five OP submitted and 3 adopted
- Portugal: All ten OPs submitted
- România: 4 OPs submitted
- България/Bulgaria: All four OPs submitted
- France: All 32 OPs submitted and 23 adopted
- Nederland: All four 4 OPs adopted
- Česká republika: All six OPs submitted
- Magyarország: All five OPs submitted
- Suomi/Finland: Their one OP adopted
- Österreich: Their one OP submitted
- Sverige: 10 OPs submitted
- Malta: 2 OP submitted and 1 OP adopted
- United Kingdom: Their six OPs submitted and 5 adopted
- Italia: 25 OPs submitted
- Belgien/Belgique/België: 3 OPs submitted and 1 adopted
- Luxembourg : Their one OP submitted
- España: All 22 OPs submitted and 1 adopted
- Slovenija: Their one OP submitted
- Hrvatska: Their one OP adopted
- Éire/Ireland: Their two OPs submitted and 1 adopted
The Operational Programmes are designed by the Member States and regional authorities and then discussed with the Commission. The goal is to adopt as many operational programmes as possible before the end of 2014. Astrategic approach to the use of the funds is critical and quality is more important than speed.
Austria and Germany: EU invests 54 million euro to boost cooperation across Bavaria's border
The European Commission has adopted yesterday the new interregional cooperation programme ("Interreg") between Austria and the German region of Bavaria, worth more than 54 million euro from EU Regional funds. A key focus will be on cross border initiatives to protect the fragile Alpine environment, boost tourism and link research and development.
Welcoming the adoption today European Commissioner for Regional Policy Corinne Crețu said:" Our cross border programmes are one of the most tangible ways the EU is working to help citizens address common challenges and tap into shared potential – together. The programme adopted today means the border region of Southern Bavaria and Western Austria can step up a gear in their integration. We have moved a long way from building bicycle paths and basic infrastructure to financing top-end research co-operation between Austrian and Bavarian universities. Our focus on research and development and environmental protection will address both the strengths and the challenges of the region head on so people living here can reap the rewards."
The programme will promote the better integration of research and development capacities on both sides of the border to exploit the full economic potential of the region. At the same time, it will address the environmental protection of highly sensitive Alpine areas and increasing challenges linked to climate change, in particular flood risk management. Actions in these two main priorities will be complemented by efforts to foster closer co-operation in legal and administrative questions to create a fully integrated border region.
This first call for cross-border projects will be launched in 2015. From the creation of cross-border research networks and the joint management of environmental protection areas to cross-border activities in the tourism sector – projects will receive up to 85% of EU funding for their activities. A special "small projects fund" will also help to bring the 5.9 million people living in the border region closer together.
"Interreg" programmes as well as macro regional strategies demonstrate that borders should no longer be seen as obstacles, and that cross border cooperation is vital to tackle specific issues, such as climate change and transport infrastructure, for example. In Milan on 1st of December, Commissioner Corina Creţu highlighted some of the key aspects in the development of the future EU Strategy for the Alpine Region which, like the newly adopted Austrian-German Interreg programme, transcends national borders to provide citizens and businesses of the region with tailored and more efficient policies.
Dans l’ensemble, la politique de cohésion réformée permettra d'investir jusqu’à 351,8 milliards d’euros dans les régions et villes d’Europe, ainsi que dans l’économie réelle. Elle constituera le principal outil d'investissement de l'UE pour atteindre les objectifs d'Europe 2020: créer de la croissance et des emplois, s'attaquer au changement climatique et à la dépendance énergétique et réduire la pauvreté et l'exclusion sociale. Pour ce faire, le Fonds européen de développement régional sera concentré sur des priorités essentielles, comme le soutien aux petites et moyennes entreprises, l’objectif étant de doubler les crédits en les faisant passer de 70 à 140 milliards d’euros sur les 7 années de la période. À cela s'ajoutent une plus forte orientation sur les résultats et une nouvelle réserve de performance, pour l'ensemble des fonds structurels et d'investissement européens, qui encourage les projets de qualité. Enfin, l’efficacité de la politique de cohésion, du développement rural et du fonds pour la pêche sera également liée à la gouvernance économique afin d’inciter les États membres à suivre les recommandations formulées par l’UE dans le cadre du semestre européen.
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