Samhørighedspolitik 2014 -2020
Operational Programmes - State of Play
The European Commission is now analysing the draft Cohesion Policy Operational Programmes (OPs) from all countries outlining their investment plans for EU Structural and Investment Funds for the 2014-2020 programming period.
63 Programmes have been adopted so far including 4 cooperation programmes, for a total amount of more than EUR 47 billion.
The OPs (managed by DG REGIO) have come from:
- Danmark: Their one OP adopted
- Deutschland: All 16 OPs submitted and 12 adopted
- Polska: All 21 OPs submitted and 2 adopted
- Ελλάδα: All 16 OPs submitted
- Latvija: Their one OP adopted
- Lietuva: Their one OP adopted
- Eesti: Their one OP adopted
- Κύπρος: Their one OP submitted
- Slovensko: All five OP submitted and 3 adopted
- Portugal: All ten OPs submitted
- România: 4 OPs submitted
- България/Bulgaria: All four OPs submitted
- France: All 32 OPs submitted and 23 adopted
- Nederland: All four 4 OPs adopted
- Česká republika: All six OPs submitted
- Magyarország: All five OPs submitted
- Suomi/Finland: Their one OP adopted
- Österreich: Their one OP submitted
- Sverige: 10 OPs submitted
- Malta: 2 OP submitted and 1 OP adopted
- United Kingdom: Their six OPs submitted and 5 adopted
- Italia: 25 OPs submitted
- Belgien/Belgique/België: 3 OPs submitted and 1 adopted
- Luxembourg : Their one OP submitted
- España: All 22 OPs submitted and 1 adopted
- Slovenija: Their one OP submitted
- Hrvatska: Their one OP adopted
- Éire/Ireland: Their two OPs submitted and 1 adopted
The Operational Programmes are designed by the Member States and regional authorities and then discussed with the Commission. The goal is to adopt as many operational programmes as possible before the end of 2014. Astrategic approach to the use of the funds is critical and quality is more important than speed.
Austria and Germany: EU invests 54 million euro to boost cooperation across Bavaria's border
The European Commission has adopted yesterday the new interregional cooperation programme ("Interreg") between Austria and the German region of Bavaria, worth more than 54 million euro from EU Regional funds. A key focus will be on cross border initiatives to protect the fragile Alpine environment, boost tourism and link research and development.
Welcoming the adoption today European Commissioner for Regional Policy Corinne Crețu said:" Our cross border programmes are one of the most tangible ways the EU is working to help citizens address common challenges and tap into shared potential – together. The programme adopted today means the border region of Southern Bavaria and Western Austria can step up a gear in their integration. We have moved a long way from building bicycle paths and basic infrastructure to financing top-end research co-operation between Austrian and Bavarian universities. Our focus on research and development and environmental protection will address both the strengths and the challenges of the region head on so people living here can reap the rewards."
The programme will promote the better integration of research and development capacities on both sides of the border to exploit the full economic potential of the region. At the same time, it will address the environmental protection of highly sensitive Alpine areas and increasing challenges linked to climate change, in particular flood risk management. Actions in these two main priorities will be complemented by efforts to foster closer co-operation in legal and administrative questions to create a fully integrated border region.
This first call for cross-border projects will be launched in 2015. From the creation of cross-border research networks and the joint management of environmental protection areas to cross-border activities in the tourism sector – projects will receive up to 85% of EU funding for their activities. A special "small projects fund" will also help to bring the 5.9 million people living in the border region closer together.
"Interreg" programmes as well as macro regional strategies demonstrate that borders should no longer be seen as obstacles, and that cross border cooperation is vital to tackle specific issues, such as climate change and transport infrastructure, for example. In Milan on 1st of December, Commissioner Corina Creţu highlighted some of the key aspects in the development of the future EU Strategy for the Alpine Region which, like the newly adopted Austrian-German Interreg programme, transcends national borders to provide citizens and businesses of the region with tailored and more efficient policies.
Commissioner Crețu marks important milestones to start the flow of EU regional investments
Corina Crețu, Commissioner for Regional Policy today announced the adoption of strategic programmes that pave the way for EU investments in hundreds of cross-border and regional projects in Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
The first of Europe's cross-border cooperation or INTERREG programmes – worth some €444 million, between Germany and the Netherlands will mainly invest in making the region's SMEs more innovative and helping create a greener economy in the Dutch-German border region. More generally it will help citizens and companies see the border as an opportunity instead of an obstacle.
The first of the UK's regional operational programmes unleashes an investment package worth €406 million and €1.8 billion respectively to East Wales and to West Wales and the Valleys. The investments, through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), will help drive research and innovation, boost the competitiveness and access to finance of small businesses, further develop energy efficiency and renewables, and support sustainable public transport systems, such as the Metro in the Cardiff Capital City Region.
These programmes are the concrete translations of the investment priorities that each Member State has chosen in the Partnership Agreements with the European Commission. The last of these strategic plans was adopted just this week with Ireland, paving the way for over €3.3 billion worth of investments in the real economy there. Each Member State has also set itself clear, transparent and measurable targets for achievement to ensure the optimal use of European Structural and Investment Funds across the EU.
Corina Crețu, Commissioner for Regional Policy, said: "These programmes embody the true spirit of the reformed Cohesion Policy. They are about improved and more efficient cooperation and partnership. The Germany-Netherlands programme goes well beyond our co-financing requirements with 50% match-funding from the regional partners to our ERDF. This is a 60% increase compared to the 2007-2013 period and shows the true added value of cooperation across borders".
She added: "I congratulate our Welsh partners in reaching this milestone in strategic investment planning. Wales is a model for the rest of Europe's regions in terms of 'partnership in action'. These vital investment programs will set Wales on the path to smart and green growth - connecting people, skills and jobs."
Samlet set vil der under den reformerede samhørighedspolitik være op til 351,8 mia. EUR til investeringer i Europas regioner og byer og realøkonomien. Det vil være EU's vigtigste investeringsredskab til at nå Europa 2020-målene: at skabe vækst og beskæftigelse, tackle klimaforandringer og energiafhængighed og mindske fattigdom og social udstødelse. Til støtte for disse bestræbelser fokuseres Den Europæiske Fond for Regionaludvikling på centrale prioriteter som f.eks. støtte til små og mellemstore virksomheder, hvor det er målet, at støtten skal fordobles fra 70 mia. til 140 mia. EUR i løbet af de 7 år. Der vil blive anvendt en mere resultatorienteret tilgang og en ny resultatreserve i alle de europæiske strukturfonde og investeringsfonde, som ansporer gode projekter. Endelig vil effektiviteten i samhørighedspolitikken, udviklingen af landdistrikterne og fiskerifonden også blive kædet sammen med økonomisk forvaltning for at tilskynde medlemsstaterne til at efterkomme EU’s henstillinger som led i det europæiske semester.
 Løbende priser.
Målretning af investeringerne til centrale prioriteter for vækst