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Fonds de solidarité de l’UE


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Revised EU Solidarity Fund Regulation in force

The revised EU Solidarity Fund Regulation entered into force on 28 June and simplifies the existing rules so that aid can be paid out more rapidly than before. The use of advance payments will be become possible for the first time for Member States from 2015.

Key reforms:

  • To clarify the scope of the Solidarity Fund limiting it to natural disasters and extending it to drought.
  • Clearer rules on eligibility for regional disasters, introducing one single damage threshold for aid - 1.5% of regional GDP at NUTS2 level
  • Special threshold for outermost regions: 1% of regional GDP
  • Possibility of advance payments for the first time: 10% of anticipated contribution, capped at €30 million
  • Shorter administrative procedure by merging two stages of approval and implementation into one agreement
  • Introduction of measures to encourage disaster risk prevention strategies: reporting requirements and possible conditions for aid.

Official Journal

EU Solidarity Fund Website

Le Fonds de solidarité de l'Union européenne (FSUE) a été mis en place dans le but de faire face aux grandes catastrophes naturelles et d'exprimer la solidarité de l'UE à l'égard des régions sinistrées. Il a été créé en réponse aux graves inondations qui ont touché l'Europe centrale durant l'été 2002. Depuis, il est intervenu dans 56 cas de catastrophes naturelles, parmi lesquels des inondations, des incendies de forêts, des tremblements de terre, des tempêtes et la sécheresse. À ce jour, 23 pays européens en ont bénéficié pour un montant de plus de 3.6 milliards d'euros. Consultez la liste des interventions PDF en

Comment présenter une demande ?

Toute demande doit être adressée à la Commission dans les 12 semaines suivant les premiers dégâts.

Il est vivement conseillé à l'instance chargée de préparer la demande de se mettre directement en contact avec le service compétent de la direction générale (DG) responsable de la politique régionale, afin d'accélérer au maximum la procédure.

Cette page est mise à jour régulièrement. Veuillez télécharger la dernière version du formulaire de demande.

  • Formulaire de demande sommaire de mobilisation du Fonds de solidarité de l'Union européenne (FSUE) (Dernière mise à jour : 11-07-2014)Word en
  • Guide pour les demandes de mobilisation du FSUE Word en
  • Seuils pour les catastrophes majeures PDF en
  • Seuils pour les catastrophes régionales PDF en
  • Comment déterminer le seuil pour les catastrophes frappant plusieurs régions (sur la base du PIB moyen pondéré) xls en

La Commission évalue ensuite la demande et, si celle-ci est acceptée, elle fixe le montant de l’aide et le soumet au Parlement européen et au Conseil pour approbation, avant d’en autoriser le déblocage. Dès que ce financement est disponible dans le budget européen, la Commission adopte une décision par laquelle elle octroie l’aide à l'État concerné avant de le débloquer immédiatement et en un seul versement. Une fois l’aide versée, l’État bénéficiaire est responsable de son utilisation et du choix des opérations qui feront l’objet d’un audit et d’un contrôle. L’aide peut être utilisée pour financer rétroactivement des mesures d’urgence dès le premier jour de la catastrophe.

Il convient de noter que le FSUE n'est pas un instrument de réponse rapide pour gérer les effets d'une catastrophe naturelle. Une aide financière ne peut être accordée à un Etat, que suite à une demande et une procédure budgétaire qui peuvent prendre plusieurs mois.

Contacts

Commission européenne
DG Politique régionale et urbaine
unité E1/EUSF

B-1049 Brussels
Belgium

Johannes Wachter
tél: +32 2 296 65 15
Andrea Lamprecht
tél: +32 2 298 10 68

Pour en savoir plus English

In what cases does the EUSF assist?

The EUSF

The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations in the event of a major natural disaster if total direct damage caused by the disaster exceeds €3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the country's gross national income, whichever is the lower. A neighbouring Member State or accession country that is affected by the same disaster as an eligible country for which a major disaster has been recognised can also receive aid, even if the amount of damage does not reach the threshold.

The Fund can also be mobilised in the event of a regional disaster.

With what budget?

Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.

For what actions?

The EUSF

The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:

  • Immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, drinking water, waste water, transport, telecommunications, health and education
  • Providing temporary accommodation and emergency services to meet the immediate needs of the population;
  • Immediate securing of prevention infrastructures and measures to protect the cultural heritage;
  • Cleaning up of disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones.

The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.

Examples

Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)

In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:

  1. the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
  2. the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.

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