More growth and jobs for all regions and cities of the European Union – this message will be at the heart of cohesion policy and its instruments between 2007 and 2013. During that period, the greatest investment ever made by the EU through cohesion instruments will be worth € 308 billion (in 2004 prices) to support regional growth agendas and to stimulate job creation. 82% of the total amount will be concentrated on the “Convergence” objective, under which the poorest Member States and regions are eligible. In the remaining regions, about 16% of the Structural Funds will be concentrated to support innovation, sustainable development, better accessibility and training projects under the “Regional Competitiveness and Employment” objective. Another 2.5% finally are available for cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation under the “European Territorial Cooperation” objective. Certain spending targets have been agreed upon to pursue the objectives of the Growth and Jobs Agenda: In the case of the “Convergence” objective, the target is 60%, and in the case of the “Regional Competitiveness and Employment” objective, the target is 75% of the total available funding, which needs to be “earmarked” for interventions supporting, e.g. research and innovation, the information society and sustainable development.
Structural Funds Regulations 2007-2013
Cohesion Policy 2007-2013 Commentaries and Official Texts
Articles 158-162 of the Treaty establishing the European Communities lay down that the Union should promote an overall harmonious development and strengthen economic and social cohesion by reducing development disparities between the regions. For the 2007-2013 period, the instruments to pursue these objectives have their legal basis in a package of five regulations adopted by the Council and the European Parliament in July 2006:
A General Regulation defines common principles, rules and standards for the implementation of the three cohesion instruments, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Cohesion Fund. Based on the principle of shared management between the Union and the Member States and regions, this regulation sets out a renewed programming process, based on Community Strategic Guidelines for Cohesion and their follow-up, as well as common standards for financial management, control and evaluation. The reformed delivery system will provide for a simpler, proportional and more decentralised management of the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund.
Corrigendum (01/09/2006) :
In the attachment IV of Regulation 1083/2006 (page 76), the categories 11 to 15 concern both objectives, convergence and regional competitiveness and employment, and not just the convergence objective as suggested by the colours.
Addendum: Bălgarja / România - (CE) 1989/2006 - (21/12/2006)
Corrigendum (02/02/2007) :
Corrigendum (07/06/2007) :
Corrigendum (26/06/2007) :
Corrigendum (12/11/2008) :
(CE) 1341/2008 (18/12/2008) :
(CE) 284/2009 (07/04/2009)
(CE) 539/2010 (16/06/2010)
The regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) defines itsrole and fields of interventions such as the promotion of public and private investments helping to reduce regional disparities across the Union. The ERDF will support programmes addressing regional development, economic change, enhanced competitiveness and territorial cooperation throughout the EU. Funding priorities include research, innovation, environmental protection and risk prevention, while infrastructure investment retains an important role, especially in the least developed regions.
Corrigendum (01/03/2008) :
Corrigendum (12/11/2008) :
(CE) 397/2009 (21/05/2009):
(UE) 437/2010 (19/05/2010)
The European Social Fund (ESF) will be implemented in line with the European Employment Strategy and it will focus on four key areas: increasing adaptability of workers and enterprises, enhancing access to employment and participation in the labour market, reinforcing social inclusion by combating discrimination and facilitating access to the labour market for disadvantaged people, and promoting partnership for reform in the fields of employment and inclusion.
(CE) 396/2009 (06/05/2009) :
The Cohesion Fund contributes to interventions in the field of the environment and trans-European transport networks. It applies to Member States with a Gross National Income (GNI) of less than 90% of the Community average which means it covers the new Member States as well as Greece and Portugal. Spain will be eligible to the Cohesion Fund on a transitional basis. In the new period, the Fund will contribute alongside the ERDF to multi-annual investment programmes managed in a decentralised way, rather than being subject to individual project approval by the Commission.
The fifth regulation introduces a European Grouping of territorial co-operation (EGTC). T he aim of this new legal instrument is to facilitate cross-border, transnational and/or inter-regional co-operation between regional and local authorities. The latter would be invested with legal personality for the implementation of territorial cooperation programmes based on a convention agreed between the participating national, regional, local or other public authorities.
The European Commission's implementing regulation for the Structural and Cohesion Funds 2007-2013 represents one set of detailed rules on the management of cohesion policy's financial instruments.
(UE) 832/2010 (17/09/2010)
ANNEX XXI :
ANNEX XXII :