The main objective of the evaluation is to assess the contribution of the Cohesion Fund and ISPA to the development of the EU transport system, to achieving the EU acquis in the field of environment and the effect of ISPA as a preparation for Structural Fund and Cohesion Fund programmes.
The 2nd intermediate report determined the unit costs of projects co-financed by the Cohesion Fund. The sample of 567 projects cover both transport and environment infrastructure. The database consists of 440 projects with estimated unit costs and 325 projects with the actual project costs.
The report presents the estimated and actual unit costs for projects co-financed by Cohesion Fund and ISPA during the 2000 – 2006 programming period. These are presented separately for road, rail, water and waste projects. There is a summary of each sector with detailed figures for each of the sectors.
In addition to calculating the unit costs, the report looks at the extent to which they overran on time and costs.
The contribution of the two instruments towards the development of the TEN-T network during the 2000 to 2006 period is therefore viewed as being significant, and in the case of the EU-10, exceptional. This is because the EU-10 acceded halfway through the 2000-2006 programming period and faced the biggest challenge in terms of bringing their national infrastructure up to a basic standard, comparable with other Member States.
The report focuses on evaluating the extent to which the 758 projects financed by the funds helped the 17 beneficiary countries to meet European Directives. The assessment was limited to the fields of water quality and management (including wastewater treatment), and solid waste collection and treatment. The analysis demonstrated that the Cohesion fund and ISPA provided a significant contribution to countries’ needs and compliance with the environmental acquis. New assets, or extensions or upgrades of infrastructure in water provision, sanitation services and solid waste management, as required by countries to meet the EU Directives, were provided. It was assessed that although countries received different amounts in terms of funds per sector, the average contribution to sectors’ needs is quite similar, with a contribution of around 30% in the drinking water sector and 38% in the wastewater sector. In solid waste, where counties’ needs differed more significantly and the nature of the projects was more diverse, the contribution was 25%.
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