Mesta lahko vidimo kot vzrok ali kot rešitev za današnje gospodarske, okoljske in družbene izzive. V evropskih urbanih območjih, ki predstavljajo približno 80 % porabe energije in ustvarjajo do 85 % evropskega BDP, živita več kot dve tretjini prebivalstva EU. Urbana območja so gibalo evropskega gospodarstva in delujejo kot pospeševalci kreativnosti in inovativnosti v celotni Uniji. Po drugi strani pa so trdovratni problemi, kot so brezposelnost, segregacija in revščina, najbolj pereči ravno v mestih. Urbane politike imajo torej širši, čezmejni pomen, zaradi česar je urbani razvoj znotraj regionalne politike EU bistvenega pomena.
Urbana razsežnost kohezijske politike
Obdobje 2014–2020 je postavilo urbano razsežnost v samo središče kohezijske politike. Vsaj 50 % sredstev iz ESRR za to obdobje bo vloženih v urbana območja. Ta delež se lahko pozneje v obdobju še poveča. Okoli 10 milijard EUR iz ESRR bo neposredno dodeljenih celostnim strategijam za trajnostni urbani razvoj. Okoli 750 mestom bo omogočeno, da izvedejo te celostne strategije za trajnostni urbani razvoj.
What is integrated sustainable urban development?
The various dimensions of urban life – environmental, economic, social and cultural – are interwoven and success in urban development can only be achieved through an integrated approach. Measures concerning physical urban renewal must be combined with those promoting education, economic development, social inclusion and environmental protection. It also calls for strong partnerships between local citizens, civil society, industry and various levels of government.
Such an approach is especially important at this time, given the seriousness of the challenges European cities currently face, ranging from specific demographic changes to the consequences of economic stagnation in terms of job creation and social progress, and to the impact of climate change. The response to these challenges is critical for achieving the smart, sustainable, inclusive society envisaged in the Europe 2020 Strategy.
The EU Urban Agenda
Objectives for 2014-2020
During the 2014-2020 programming period, European cities will benefit even more from the EU's Regional Policy:
- Urban areas are directly targeted by several of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) investment priorities. This means greater opportunity for sustainable urban mobility, regeneration of deprived communities and improved research and innovation capacity.
- In each EU Member State, a minimum 5 % of the ERDF is earmarked for integrated sustainable urban development; its on-the-ground deployment will be decided and directed by urban authorities.
- EUR 371 million is set aside for innovative actions in the field of Sustainable Urban Development over a seven-year period.
- An urban development network (UDN) is responsible for reviewing on-the-ground deployment of European funds and boosting knowledge-sharing between cities involved in integrated sustainable urban development and in Urban Innovative Actions.
- Cities are encouraged to use Community-Led Local Development (CLLD), which paves the way for local stakeholders, businesses, the public sector and civil society to get more involved in urban neighbourhood regeneration.
- Integrated territorial investments may be used to implement area-based strategies that rely on investments across different fields.
- The URBACT III programme - which acts as a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development – has been financially strengthened and expanded, enabling European cities to work together to develop better solutions to urban challenges.
- The TAIEX REGIO PEER 2 PEER tool is designed to share expertise between bodies that manage funding under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund.
Cooperation and exchange of experience between cities
URBACT is a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development, which integrates economic, social and environmental dimensions. It enables cities to work together to develop new, pragmatic and sustainable solutions to major urban challenges, reaffirming the key role they play in facing increasingly complex societal changes. So far 7 000 people from 500 cities, in 29 countries, have participated in the URBACT programme.
Urban Development Network (UDN)
The Urban Development Network is made up of more than 500 cities/urban areas across the EU responsible for implementing integrated actions based on Sustainable Urban Development strategies financed by ERDF in the 2014-2020 period.
International Urban Cooperation (IUC)
The European Union is launching a three-year programme to promote international urban cooperation. Europe’s cities want to link up, build and share knowledge and solutions with other cities and regions.
- raziskave in inovacije
- informacijske in komunikacijske tehnologije
- konkurenčnost malih in srednje velikih podjetij
- nizkoogljično gospodarstvo
- Razvoj mest
- URBACT Good Practice Call info day 30 January
- Approval 18 Urban Innovative Actions cities. Check them out at http://www.uia-initiative.eu/
- Announcement of 4 new Partnerships of the Urban Agenda
- Urban One-Stop-Shop is launched
- Urban Development Network is online
- Odprtje natečaja za nagrade RegioStars za leto 2017
- Obnovitev četrti Dolne Miasto v mestu Gdansk
- The Pact of Amsterdam