En route for growth
Construction of the KA4E section of the A4 motorway between Kleszczów–Sosnica
Thanks to European aid, Poland has been able to gradually re-link its road and motorway network. This will stimulate its economy and help it better integrate it into the Europe of 27 nations.
Work on the Sochaczew-Grojec road to create a bypass around Warsaw (Poland).
Poland has continued to improve its road infrastructure in order to optimise its integration into the EU and to stimulate its economic growth. The EU already provides Poland with significant sums of money to enable it to bring the key sectors of its economy up to European standards. Between 2004 and 2006, it has received 1.320 billion euros from the ERDF and from the Cohesion Fund. Between 2000 and 2006, the ISPA (Instrument for Structural Policies for Pre-Accession) has transferred a total of 733 million euros to Poland for renovation of its national road network.
Along with PHARE and SAPARD, the ISPA is one of the financial instruments which assist candidate countries to prepare for accession to the EU. Its primary function is to support economic and social cohesion through the financing of large investment projects in the environmental and transportation sectors. When Poland became an EU member on 1 May 2004, projects underway were taken over by the Cohesion Fund which operates like the ISPA.
The A4 motorway, a vital corridor
The A-4 motorway is one of the major projects in progress. This is the main road linking Germany with the industrialised mining region of southern Poland. It must be extended to the Ukrainian border to facilitate transit from Western Europe to the Ukraine and the south of Russia. In 2006, thanks to European funds, the Ministry for Infrastructure inaugurated new sections between the Kleszczow and Sosnica exchanges enabling traffic to avoid Gliwice. All east-west traffic has been re-routed away from the centre of town, with its bridges, narrow streets and stoplights. The motorway has two 19.1 km long lanes which can be widened to three lanes. The project included the building of crossover bridges for local traffic, ditches for waterways, and additional service roads intended to ensure that all properties are adequately connected to the local road network. Toll areas have been planned for each exchange and an on-line toll facility has been planned for the motorway.
European funds support other projects. A stretch of the 90 km of motorway between Krzyzowa and Wroclaw has been repaired and construction of a motorway between Zgorzelec (at the German border) and Krzyzowa is underway. The European Union has co-financed the A-2 motorway between Lódz and Poznan (Stryków II - Emilia) and is participating in a feasibility study for the building of the Stryków-Konotopa section (near Warsaw).
However, there are more than just motorways. ISPA resources are also being allocated to the construction and rehabilitation of local roads. Route 50, which bypasses Warsaw, will be modernised to decongest many towns and lessen truck traffic in the capital. Other projects include route n°4 between Krakow and Tarnów, route N°7 from Gdansk to Jazowa (to be reinforced) and the construction of the S1 express road from Cieszyn (Czech border) to Bielsko-Biala.
The poor condition of the Polish road network has hurt the country’s economy up until now by limiting trade with neighbouring countries and by causing unequal development in its regions. Thanks to European aid, Poland has been able to launch twelve major road projects of which nine are investment projects and three, technical support projects. Within a few years, they will contribute to making the Polish economy competitive by anchoring it to its neighbours.
- Instrument for Structural Policies for Pre-Accession (ISPA 2000/PL/16/P/PT/001)
- COMMISSIONER HÜBNER'S VISIT
- EUR 108 910 000
- EUR 13 000 000
- Generalnej Dyrekcji Dróg Krajowych i Autostrad (GDDKiA, Ministry of Infrastructure, Department of National Roads and Motorways)
- ul. Zelazna 59
- PL-PL-00-848, Warsaw
- Zbigniew , Sobala
- Tel.: +48 (077) 401-63-49
- Fax: +48 (022) 375-87-63
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