Le città sono considerate al contempo causa e soluzione delle difficoltà di natura economica, ambientale e sociale di oggi. Le aree urbane d'Europa ospitano oltre due terzi della popolazione dell'UE, utilizzano circa l'80% delle risorse energetiche e generano fino all'85% del PIL europeo. Veri e propri motori dell'economia europea, queste aree fungono da catalizzatori per la creatività e l'innovazione in tutta l'Unione, ma sono anche i luoghi in cui vari problemi persistenti, quali ad esempio disoccupazione, segregazione e povertà, raggiungono i livelli più allarmanti. Le politiche urbane assumono in quest'ottica un'importanza transfrontaliera, ragion per cui lo sviluppo urbano riveste un ruolo di primo piano nella politica regionale dell'UE.
Dimensione urbana della politica di coesione
Il periodo 2014-2020 ha posto la dimensione urbana al centro della politica di coesione. Almeno il 50% delle risorse del FESR per questo arco di tempo sarà investito in aree urbane e lo stanziamento potrà essere incrementato in un secondo momento. Circa 10 miliardi di euro provenienti dal FESR verranno assegnati direttamente alle strategie integrate per lo sviluppo sostenibile dell'ambiente urbano, che circa 750 città dovranno trasporre sul piano pratico.
What is integrated sustainable urban development?
The various dimensions of urban life – environmental, economic, social and cultural – are interwoven and success in urban development can only be achieved through an integrated approach. Measures concerning physical urban renewal must be combined with those promoting education, economic development, social inclusion and environmental protection. It also calls for strong partnerships between local citizens, civil society, industry and various levels of government.
Such an approach is especially important at this time, given the seriousness of the challenges European cities currently face, ranging from specific demographic changes to the consequences of economic stagnation in terms of job creation and social progress, and to the impact of climate change. The response to these challenges is critical for achieving the smart, sustainable, inclusive society envisaged in the Europe 2020 Strategy.
The EU Urban Agenda
Objectives for 2014-2020
During the 2014-2020 programming period, European cities will benefit even more from the EU's Regional Policy:
- Urban areas are directly targeted by several of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) investment priorities. This means greater opportunity for sustainable urban mobility, regeneration of deprived communities and improved research and innovation capacity.
- In each EU Member State, a minimum 5 % of the ERDF is earmarked for integrated sustainable urban development; its on-the-ground deployment will be decided and directed by urban authorities.
- EUR 371 million is set aside for innovative actions in the field of Sustainable Urban Development over a seven-year period.
- An urban development network (UDN) is responsible for reviewing on-the-ground deployment of European funds and boosting knowledge-sharing between cities involved in integrated sustainable urban development and in Urban Innovative Actions.
- Cities are encouraged to use Community-Led Local Development (CLLD), which paves the way for local stakeholders, businesses, the public sector and civil society to get more involved in urban neighbourhood regeneration.
- Integrated territorial investments may be used to implement area-based strategies that rely on investments across different fields.
- The URBACT III programme - which acts as a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development – has been financially strengthened and expanded, enabling European cities to work together to develop better solutions to urban challenges.
- The TAIEX REGIO PEER 2 PEER tool is designed to share expertise between bodies that manage funding under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund.
Cooperation and exchange of experience between cities
URBACT is a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development, which integrates economic, social and environmental dimensions. It enables cities to work together to develop new, pragmatic and sustainable solutions to major urban challenges, reaffirming the key role they play in facing increasingly complex societal changes. So far 7 000 people from 500 cities, in 29 countries, have participated in the URBACT programme.
Urban Development Network (UDN)
The Urban Development Network is made up of more than 500 cities/urban areas across the EU responsible for implementing integrated actions based on Sustainable Urban Development strategies financed by ERDF in the 2014-2020 period.
International Urban Cooperation (IUC)
The European Union is launching a three-year programme to promote international urban cooperation. Europe’s cities want to link up, build and share knowledge and solutions with other cities and regions.
- ricerca e innovazione
- tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione
- competitività delle PMI
- economia a basse emissioni di carbonio
- sviluppo urbano
- URBACT Good Practice Call info day 30 January
- Approval 18 Urban Innovative Actions cities. Check them out at http://www.uia-initiative.eu/
- Announcement of 4 new Partnerships of the Urban Agenda
- Urban One-Stop-Shop is launched
- Urban Development Network is online
- Lancio dei Premi RegioStars 2017
- Riqualificazione del distretto della città bassa di Danzica
- The Pact of Amsterdam