Ricerca e innovazione
La crescita sostenibile è sempre più correlata alla capacità delle economie regionali di innovare e trasformare, adattandosi a un ambiente più competitivo e in continua evoluzione. Tale situazione richiede quindi maggiore impegno per la realizzazione di un ecosistema volto a incoraggiare innovazione, ricerca, sviluppo e imprenditorialità, come sottolineato nell'ambito della strategia Europa 2020 e dell'iniziativa faro Unione dell'innovazione correlata.
Lo sviluppo dell'innovazione rappresenta un aspetto fondamentale nei programmi della politica di coesione per il periodo 2007-2013 in cui circa 86,4 miliardi di EUR, ovvero pressoché il 25% degli stanziamenti totali, sono destinati all'innovazione nel suo complesso. Tale impegno è stato ulteriormente rafforzato nel nuovo periodo di programmazione 2014-2020, in cui il 30% degli stanziamenti totali verrà distribuito ai fini dell'innovazione nel suo complesso. In futuro, strategie di specializzazione intelligente consentiranno anche di sfruttare il potenziale d'innovazione di tutte le regioni dell'Unione Europea.
Macro-economic research points out that innovation contributes between two-thirds and four-fifths of economic growth in developed countries. In other words, about 85% of productivity growth in advanced economies is driven by innovation. However, statistics confirm large disparities between EU Member States and regions in the fields of innovation and R&D as well as a persistent gap compared to its main competitors at global level. Europe needs to become more inventive, reacting more quickly to changing market conditions and consumer preferences in order to become an innovation-friendly society and economy.
The key drivers of research and innovation are most effectively addressed at the regional level. Reducing the innovation deficit between European regions is therefore a key task for Cohesion Policy. In that context, it invests, among others, in five key elements: Research and innovation, SME competitiveness, ICT take-up, Energy efficiency and renewable energy and Human capital development. Given the limited resources available, it is important to have a strategic approach in the form of a national and/or regional smart specialisation strategy (RIS3) bringing together the relevant business, research, education and public actors to develop and implement strategies that focus their resources on a limited number of areas with competitive advantages.
Innovation 2014-2020 programming period
In the current programming period, investments under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) are concentrated on 4 key thematic priorities: innovation and research, the digital agenda, support for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) and the low-carbon economy.
The ERDF investments in innovation are being used to support the implementation of smart specialisation strategies (RIS3) to have a greater and more sustainable impact on jobs and growth in the different regions. To provide (pro)active support to Member States and regions who develop their RIS3 a 'Smart Specialisation Platform' has been set up: More than 170 countries and regions have already registered in this S3Platform (April 2017) to learn among peers on how to develop, implement and monitor their RIS3 and explore possibilities for cooperation. In addition experts are at the disposal of those regions who need specific support (if you would like to register as expert, please contact REGIO-G1-HEAD-OF-UNIT@ec.europa.eu; to register as expert: Expert list.
The Commission encourages to enhance synergies and complementarities of the ESI fund investments with Horizon2020, COSME, and other relevant EU programmes.
- RIS3 video
- The regional impact of technological change in 2020: Synthesis Report
- RIS3 guide
- RIS3 Factsheet
- Draft guidance on ex-ante conditionalities Part I - Part II
- Thematic guidance on R&I related policy and support tools, e.g. related to incubators, SME support, service innovation, eco-innovation, the role of universities in regional growth, creative industries and innovation, etc.
- OECD report on smart specialisation
- Cohesion Policy support for the circular economy
- Staff Working Document
- All Publications
- 2016 Synthesis of Evaluation Results and Plans under the ESIF Programmes 2014-2020
- Strategic report 2013: Factsheet "Innovation and RTD"
- European Commission - Research
- Innovation funding for SMEs and researchers
- Innovation Union
- Regional innovation scoreboard and monitor
- Policy Learning Database
- Seal of Excellence
- Stairway to Excellence
- ESIF Open Data Portal 2014-2020
- ricerca e innovazione
- tecnologie dell’informazione e della comunicazione
- competitività delle PMI
- economia a basse emissioni di carbonio