Regional development co-operation programmes outside the EU
There are also a number of new instruments available to support regional development along the EU's external borders with countries which are either candidates for EU membership or potential candidates, and also with so-called third countries (i.e. non-EU members : Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, ...).
There are two instruments supporting cross-border co-operation along the external borders of the Union in 2007-13:
- The Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) is based on partnerships with the EU candidate countries - the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, and Turkey - and potential candidate countries - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia. It supports administrative, social and economic reforms, as well as regional and cross-border co-operation. The IPA supports both cross-border co-operation between Member States and candidate / potential candidate countries on the one hand, and among the candidate / potential candidate countries themselves on the other. The first group is managed by Directorate-General Regional Policy and further details can be found on this site. Details of the second group can be found on the web pages of DG Enlargement. EU allocation: €11.47 billion, of which €600 million is earmarked for cross-border co- operation.
The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) promotes co-operation and economic integration between the EU and partner countries - Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, the Russian Federation, Syria, Tunisia, and Ukraine. It supports partnerships encouraging good governance and social and economic development. Included are 14 cross-border co-operation programmes which operate along EU external borders. These programmes are managed by DG EuropeAid. Further details are available here.
EU allocation: €11.18 billion, of which ENPI-CBC programmes account for €1.18 billion.