Fond solidarnosti EU-a

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Fond solidarnosti Europske unije (FSEU) osnovan je kako bi se njime odgovorilo na prirodne katastrofe velikih razmjera i izrazila europska solidarnost s regijama unutar Europe pogođenim katastrofama. Fond je nastao kao reakcija na velike poplave u središnjoj Europi u ljeto 2002. Otad se koristio za 70 katastrofa pokrivajući niz različitih prirodnih katastrofa uključujući poplave, šumske požare, potrese, oluje i suše. Do sada su 24 europske zemlje primile potporu u iznosu većem od 3,7 milijarde EUR. Kliknite za popis svih intervencija PDF en

Komisija mora zaprimiti zahtjev unutar 12 tjedana nakon što je katastrofa prouzročila prvu štetu.
Preporučuje se da tijelo nadležno za pripremu zahtjeva što prije izravno kontaktira odgovornu službu u Glavnoj upravi za regionalnu politiku koja može ponuditi niz savjeta kojima će pridonijeti ubrzanju postupka podnošenja zahtjeva koliko god je to moguće.

Ova se stranica redovito ažurira, molimo učitajte najnoviju verziju obrasca zahtjeva.

  • Obrazac zahtjeva (Posljednji put ažurirano 02-02-2015) en
  • pomoćne napomene Word en
  • Pragovi za katastrofe velikih razmjera PDF en
  • Pragovi za regionalne katastrofe PDF en
  • Utvrđivanje praga za katastrofe koje su zadesile više regija (na temelju ponderiranog prosjeka BDP-a) xls en
  • Očekivani iznos potpora? PDF en

Komisija razmatra zahtjev i, ako ga prihvati, predlaže iznos pomoći Europskom parlamentu i Vijeću koji ga moraju odobriti prije njegove isplate. Nakon što se sredstva stave na raspolaganje, pomoć se isplaćuje odmah u jednom obroku nakon potpisivanja sporazuma između Komisije i države korisnice. Nakon isplate bespovratnih sredstava država pogođena katastrofom odgovorna je za provedbenu fazu uključujući odabir aktivnosti, njihov nadzor i kontrolu. Hitne mjere mogu se retroaktivno financirati od prvog dana katastrofe.

Treba napomenuti da Fond nije instrument brzog odgovora na posljedice prirodne katastrofe. Financijska pomoć može se odobriti državi koja podnosi zahtjev tek nakon podnošenja zahtjeva i nakon proračunskog postupka koji može trajati nekoliko mjeseci.

Europska komisija
Glavna uprava za regionalnu i urbanu politiku
Unit E1/EUSF
B-1049 Brussels
Belgija
Johannes Wachter
tel: +32 2 296 65 15
Andrea Lamprecht
tel: +32 2 298 10 68

In what cases does the EUSF assist?

The EUSF The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations

  1. in the event of a 'major disaster': total direct damage exceeding € 3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the GNI of the affected State, whichever is the lower.
  2. in the event for smaller, so-called ‘regional disasters': total direct damage exceeding 1.5% of regional GDP (at NUTS2 level). For outermost regions the threshold of 1% of regional GDP is applied.
  3. in the event that an eligible State is affected by the same major disaster as an eligible neighbouring State.

With what budget?

Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.

For what actions?

The EUSF The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:

  • restoring the working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, water and waste water, telecommunications, transport, health and education;
  • providing temporary accommodation and funding rescue services to meet the needs of the population concerned;
  • securing preventive infrastructure and measures of protection of cultural heritage;
  • cleaning up disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones, in line with, where appropriate, eco-system based approaches, as well as immediate restoration of affected natural zones to avoid immediate effects from soil erosion.

The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.

Examples

Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)

In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:

  1. the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
  2. the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.

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