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European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP)
The original concept behind the ESDP dates back to the 1960s. Following intensive discussions, it was officially adopted in May 1999 by the ministers with responsibility for regional planning in the 15 Member States. The ESDP is a framework for policy guidance designed to improve cooperation in EU sectoral policies which have a significant impact on spatial and territorial development. It also aims to improve the coordination of national policies in this field. The ESDP is based on three key principles: developing a balanced and polycentric urban system and a renewed relationship between cities and the countryside; ensuring equal access to knowledge infrastructures; and sustainable development, intelligent management and conservation of nature and cultural assets.