Euroopa Liidu Solidaarsusfond

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Euroopa Liidu Solidaarsusfond (ELSF) loodi selleks, et reageerida suurematele loodusõnnetustele ning väljendada Euroopa solidaarsust nende Euroopa piirkondade suhtes, mida on tabanud katastroof. Fondi loomiseks andsid tõuke 2002. aasta suvel Kesk-Euroopat tabanud tõsised üleujutused. Sellest ajast alates on fondi kasutatud 76 erineva katastroofi puhul, mille hulka kuuluvad üleujutused, metsatulekahjud, maavärinad, tormid ja põud. 24 Euroopa riiki on seni saanud toetust rohkem kui 5 miljardi euro väärtuses. Kõikide juhtumite nimekiri PDF en

Komisjon peab saama abitaotluse kätte 12 nädala jooksul alates esimesest katastroofi tekitatud kahjustusest.

On väga soovitatav, et taotluse koostamise eest vastutav asutus võtaks asjaomase talitusega regionaalpoliitika peadirektoraadis kohe otse ühendust, et saada nõu, kuidas taotluse menetlemisele võimalikult kiiresti kaasa aidata.

Lehekülge ajakohastatakse korrapäraselt, palun laadige alla taotlusvormi viimane versioon.

  • Taotlusvorm (Viimati muudetud: 16-01-2017) Word en
  • Juhised (Viimati muudetud: 10-10-2017)Worden
  • Piirmäärad suurte katastroofide puhul PDF en
  • Piirmäärad piirkondlike katastroofide puhul PDF en
  • Kuidas määrata kindlaks mitmeid piirkondi mõjutava katastroofi künnis (põhinedes kaalutud keskmise SKP-le) xls en
  • Kui suurt summat võib oodata? PDF en
  • Factsheet - EU Solidarity Fund: Determination of aid amounts en

Komisjon hindab taotlust ning kui see heaks kiidetakse, siis teeb summa kohta ettepaneku Euroopa Parlamendile ning nõukogule, kes peavad selle enne väljamaksmist kinnitama. Kui vahendid muutuvad kättesaadavaks, makstakse abi ühekordse maksena koheselt välja pärast seda, kui komisjon ja abisaajariik on asjaomase lepingu allkirjastanud. Kui abisumma on välja makstud, vastutab abi saav riik selle kasutamise, sealhulgas tegevuste valiku ning nende auditeerimise ja kontrolli eest. Erakorralisi meetmeid võib rahastada tagasiulatuvalt alates katastroofi esimesest päevast.

Tuleb võtta arvesse, et ELSF ei ole loodusõnnetuste tagajärgede kõrvaldamiseks kasutatav kiirreageerimisinstrument. Rahalist abi saab abi taotlevale riigile anda ainult pärast taotluse esitamist ning eelarvemenetlust, mis võib võtta mitmeid kuid.

Euroopa Komisjon
Regionaal- ja linnapoliitika peadirektoraat
üksus E1/EUSF
B-1049 Brüssel
Belgia
Johannes Wachter
telefon: +32 2 296 65 15
Andrea Lamprecht
telefon: +32 2 298 10 68

In what cases does the EUSF assist?

The EUSF The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations

  1. in the event of a 'major disaster': total direct damage exceeding € 3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the GNI of the affected State, whichever is the lower.
  2. in the event for smaller, so-called ‘regional disasters': total direct damage exceeding 1.5% of regional GDP (at NUTS2 level). For outermost regions the threshold of 1% of regional GDP is applied.
  3. in the event that an eligible State is affected by the same major disaster as an eligible neighbouring State.

With what budget?

Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.

For what actions?

The EUSF The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:

  • restoring the working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, water and waste water, telecommunications, transport, health and education;
  • providing temporary accommodation and funding rescue services to meet the needs of the population concerned;
  • securing preventive infrastructure and measures of protection of cultural heritage;
  • cleaning up disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones, in line with, where appropriate, eco-system based approaches, as well as immediate restoration of affected natural zones to avoid immediate effects from soil erosion.

The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.

Example

Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)

In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:

  1. the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
  2. the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.

Documents

Overview of all treated EU Solidarity Fund cases since 2002 PDF en

Factsheet

Reports

Panorama

Press releases