Fondo de Solidaridad de la UE

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El Fondo de Solidaridad de la Unión Europea (FSUE) se creó para intervenir en caso de catástrofes naturales graves y aportar la solidaridad europea a las regiones siniestradas de Europa. Se creó como respuesta a las grandes inundaciones del verano de 2002 en Europa central. Desde entonces, se ha utilizado en 76 catástrofes de muy diversos tipos, como inundaciones, incendios forestales, terremotos, tormentas y sequías. Se ha ayudado a 24 países europeos con más de 500 millones de euros. Lista de todas las intervenciones PDF en

Las solicitudes deben llegar a la Comisión en un plazo de 12 semanas a partir de la fecha del primer daño causado por la catástrofe.

Para agilizar la tramitación de la solicitud, se recomienda encarecidamente que el organismo encargado de elaborar la solicitud se ponga directamente en contacto lo más rápidamente posible con la unidad competente de la DG de Política Regional, que le ofrecerá su asesoramiento a tal efecto.

Esta página se actualiza periódicamente. Descargue la última versión del formulario de solicitud.

  • Formulario de solicitud (Última actualización: 16-01-2017) Worden
  • Notas orientativas Word en
  • Umbrales para catástrofes graves PDF en
  • Umbrales para catástrofes regionales PDF en
  • Cálculo del umbral para las catástrofes que afectan a varias regiones (basado en el PIB medio ponderado) xls en
  • Cuánto dinero puede obtener? PDF en
  • Factsheet - EU Solidarity Fund: Determination of aid amounts en

La Comisión revisa la solicitud y, si es aceptada, propone un importe de ayuda al Parlamento Europeo y el Consejo, quienes deberán aprobarlo antes de poder ser abonado. Cuando los créditos están disponibles en el presupuesto de la UE, la Comisión adopta la decisión de conceder la ayuda al Estado afectado, tras lo cual esta se abona de inmediato y en un solo pago. Una vez pagada la ayuda, el Estado afectado es el responsable de su ejecución, incluida la selección de las operaciones y su auditoría y control. Las medidas de urgencia pueden financiarse con carácter retroactivo a partir del día de la catástrofe.

Cabe señalar que el FSUE no es un instrumento de respuesta rápida para atajar las consecuencias de un desastre natural. La ayuda financiera solo puede concederse al país solicitante tras la presentación de una solicitud y un procedimiento presupuestario cuya ejecución puede llevar varios meses.

Comisión Europea
DG Política Regional y Urbana
Unidad E1/EUSF
B - 1049 Bruselas
Bélgica
Johannes Wachter
teléfono: +32 2 296 65 15
Andrea Lamprecht
teléfono: +32 2 298 10 68

In what cases does the EUSF assist?

The EUSF The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations

  1. in the event of a 'major disaster': total direct damage exceeding € 3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the GNI of the affected State, whichever is the lower.
  2. in the event for smaller, so-called ‘regional disasters': total direct damage exceeding 1.5% of regional GDP (at NUTS2 level). For outermost regions the threshold of 1% of regional GDP is applied.
  3. in the event that an eligible State is affected by the same major disaster as an eligible neighbouring State.

With what budget?

Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.

For what actions?

The EUSF The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:

  • restoring the working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, water and waste water, telecommunications, transport, health and education;
  • providing temporary accommodation and funding rescue services to meet the needs of the population concerned;
  • securing preventive infrastructure and measures of protection of cultural heritage;
  • cleaning up disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones, in line with, where appropriate, eco-system based approaches, as well as immediate restoration of affected natural zones to avoid immediate effects from soil erosion.

The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.

Example

Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)

In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:

  1. the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
  2. the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.

Documents

Overview of all treated EU Solidarity Fund cases since 2002 PDF en

Factsheet

Reports

Panorama

Press releases