Solid waste integrated management system in Bistrita Nasaud County

The measure consists of investments in the solid waste sector, comprising both closure of existing urban landfills and rural dumpsites. It will be implemented for the overall County of Bistrita-Nasaud, under the responsibility of the County Council.  The project purpose is to implement an integrated solid waste management system for the entire County, with a view to meeting the corresponding obligations in the Accession Treaty and the objectives of the Sectoral Operational Programme for Environment. It will integrate all the necessary waste separation, collection, transport, transfer, treatment, recycling and disposal elements. It will be supported by an upgraded institutional framework based on regional management and will take into account the need for higher public awareness and participation.

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Project description

The project mainly consists of supplying the beneficiary with collecting equipment, both for domestic and commercial, industrial and institutional waste, including containers and hauling vehicles, constructing five transfer stations and bring stations and one regional landfill equipped with leachate and gas treatment, including composting (12,000 t/year) and sorting line (13,000 t/year) and closing and capping 3 urban landfills, cleaning up one urban landfill and closing, cleaning up or rehabilitating 200 rural dumpsites, to be grassed.
In addition, public awareness measures aiming at reducing waste at source or source separation of recyclable materials will be promoted.

What are the project likely benefits?

Most of the population of the County, 311 657 inhabitants in 2002, will be covered by the project, as the collection rate for mixed waste will cover 100% of the urban population and 90% of the rural population, against 38% of average collection coverage rate in 2006. The absence of future illegal dumping will contribute to reduce health risks for the population and improve the hygienic conditions and the quality of the environment. Reliable and compliant solid waste management system will in turn make the Bistrita Nasaud area a more attractive place to invest in. The project is expected to directly create 200 jobs during the implementation phase and 170 during the operational phase.

What are the project likely environmental benefits?

Thanks to the improvement of the solid waste management system, the project will contribute to avoiding existing illegal dumpsites and landfills, allowing the entire population of the County to dispose and valorise the municipal waste, later composted and recycled. This should also contribute to reducing the waste produced, thanks to the awareness campaign launched. Moreover the valorisation of the biogas will be used to substitute for energy otherwise produced from fossil sources and will therefore contribute to the reduction of greenhouse emissions.

Draft date

01/01/2007