Introducing a fully integrated system for solid waste

A series of measures in Alba County is designed to enhance the solid waste sector locally. Implemented by the County Council, it will benefit some 374 000 inhabitants.

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The large-scale project comprises the closure of existing non-compliant urban landfills, plus the construction of a sorting plant, a composting plant and a new compliant landfill. The main goal is to ensure the entire county's solid waste sector matches EU standards.

Solid waste challenges

Located in central Romania, Alba County faces a number of challenges in dealing with solid waste. These include illegal dumping, with negative effects such as pollution of the local environment.

Due for completion by the end of 2015, this project will introduce an integrated waste management system throughout the county, so as to meet Romania's environmental obligations in the EU Accession Treaty. Work will include closing urban landfill sites and the building of several new plants to deal with collection and sorting. A new compliant landfill is to be built in Galda de Jos, to take 543 000 m3.

An end to illegal dumping

The new system will offer a 100 % collection rate for mixed waste for the urban and rural population, compared with 86 % and 33 % in 2008. It will include all the necessary waste separation, collection, transport, transfer and treatment, with recycling and composting elements and land filling.

Seven non-compliant landfills are to be shut down and rehabilitated. There will also be public awareness campaigns to encourage people to reduce waste at source or to recycle materials wherever possible. It is hoped that biodegradable waste sent to landfill can be reduced by 65 % in 2016, compared to the reference year of 1995. This should be achieved by home composting and construction of biodegradable treatment facilities.

By 2013, separate collection of packaging waste will cover the entire county. It will offer a total recovery rate of 68 %, with recycling for example of up to 99 % for metal, 83 % for paper and cardboard, and 78 % for glass. The new sorting plant in Galda de Jos will handle 43 000 tonnes/year. The two new solid waste transfer stations are to be built in Blaj and Tartaria, respectively handling around 15 000 and 33 000 tonnes/year.

The project should benefit Alba County in several ways. Illegal dumping will be a thing of the past, reducing health risks for the population, improving hygienic conditions and the quality of the environment. The Alba area will also become a more attractive place for investors, thanks to a reliable and compliant solid waste management system. Some 250 jobs will be created directly during the project's implementation phase.


Draft date

23/10/2012