Coastal protection scheme for Black Sea beaches

Measures to protect against coastal erosion in the southern area of Romania’s Black Sea coast look set to benefit local people, businesses and tourists.

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The project covers a variety of engineering works along a 7.3 km stretch of beachfront in five locations: Mamaia South, Tomis North, Tomis Centre, Tomis South and Eforie North. This investment along this stretch of the Black Sea Coast will help to mitigate the effects of coastal erosion in a way that will benefit visitors and local people. These measures will also further improve the attractiveness of the region for businesses and tourism.

The scheme includes the building of new offshore breakwaters and repairs to existing ones, the refurbishment and lengthening of groynes, and the construction of rubble mounds and buried groynes. (Groynes are barriers which are designed to trap sand and hold it on the beach.) In addition, an artificial headland is being constructed and some existing structures demolished. Funding also covers technical assistance for project management, publicity, equipment and work supervision, along with beach recharge.

Those benefiting from the scheme include the 278 000 local residents and the 32 000 tourists who visit the area every year. Plus, about 120 local businesses will have greater peace of mind thanks to the improved levels of coastal protection provided by the project. 250 jobs are expected to be created due to the project.

Technical works

Specific work in each of the five locations includes the following:

  • Mamaia South – Rehabilitation of the breakwaters parallel with the shoreline, plus the construction of six geosynthetic groynes and one rubble-mound groyne;
  • Tomis North – Rehabilitation and extension of existing breakwaters, rehabilitation of the existing groynes, along with the construction of a submerged breakwater parallel with the shore and three buried geosynthetic groynes;
  • Tomis Centre – Rehabilitation and extension of existing groynes, along with the construction of a submerged offshore breakwater parallel with the shore and two buried geosynthetic groynes;
  • Tomis South – Rehabilitation and extension of existing groynes, along with the construction of two submerged offshore breakwaters parallel with the shore and one buried geosynthetic groyne;
  • Eforie North – Rehabilitation and extension of existing groynes, demolition of four existing groynes, and construction of three submerged offshore breakwaters parallel with the shore.

Total investment and EU funding

Total investment for the project “The Protection and Rehabilitation of the Southern Black Sea Coast in the Constanta Municipality Area (Mamaia South, Tomis North, Tomis Centre and Tomis South) and Eforie North Area” is EUR 170 406 668, with the EU’s Cohesion Fund contributing EUR 145 680 660 through the  “Environment” Operational Programme for the 2007 to 2013 programming period.


Draft date

10/04/2014