A county-wide integrated waste scheme comes into being

A comprehensive new system for managing solid waste is being set up in Giurgiu County in southern Romania. When completed in 2011, it will cater to the needs of some 300 000 people.

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Included in the integrated system are new waste-collection equipment, several ‘bring stations’ and a regional landfill site capable of treating leachate and gas. Three urban landfill sites will also be safely shut down.

Closing landfills, building new facilities

Prior to joining the EU in 2007, Romania made a commitment under the Accession Treaty to comply with all applicable Community legislation. This included bringing its national laws on waste management in line with the tougher EU laws in this field.

In Giurgiu county, located south of the capital Bucharest, a partly EU-funded project lasting 18 months aims to improve dramatically the way in which waste is collected and handled across an area of some 3 530 square kilometres. Targets include a collection rate of 100% for the entire urban population and 90% for the rural population, compared with 40% on average for both populations in 2006.

Under the project, which is overseen by Giurgiu County Council, investments will focus on the solid waste sector and the closure of existing urban landfills. The new integrated solid waste management system will include all the necessary waste separation, collection, transport, treatment, recycling and disposal elements.

Collecting equipment for all forms of waste will include containers and hauling vehicles. Three bring stations (for bulky waste, electric and electronic waste, and small hazardous waste) are being built, while one regional landfill will be equipped with facilities to handle leachate and gas, including composting (11 000 t/year) and a sorting line (10 000 t/year). Lastly, three urban landfills will be closed and capped.

To ensure the new system works effectively, the county will enhance its institutional framework based on regional management. Campaigns will also be organised to raise public awareness of the scheme and to increase participation, promoting reduction of waste at source or source separation of recyclable materials.

More collection, better sorting

The project should improve the county’s waste collection rate significantly, while reducing the quantity of biodegradable waste landfilled by 65% in 2016 compared to 1995. Thanks to separate collection of packaging waste, total recycling is expected to reach 55% by 2013.

Further expected results include a reduction in the health risks linked to future illegal dumping of waste across the county and an improvement in its environment. Some 150 jobs will also be created during project operation.

Draft date

24/06/2010