Roma Inclusion and Regional Policy
With a population of over 10 million, the Roma community is Europe’s largest transnational minority. They are often victims of racial and social discrimination without equal access to education, employment, housing and healthcare services. In recent years the Roma issue has become an important issue on the agenda of the European Union, and in many of its Member countries.
Cohesion Policy's contribution to Roma inclusion
In 2011 the European Commission adopted the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies which focuses on four key areas: education, employment, healthcare and housing. The lead service for the EU framework for National Roma Integration Strategies in the European Commission is the Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers (DG JUST).
The European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) contribute to the implementation of the EU Framework for Roma Integration and the National Roma Integration Strategies, as part of the Cohesion Policy requirements. More precisely, ESIF are relevant and contribute to the identified Roma integration goals of education, employment, housing and health. In order to achieve these goals, the integrated use of European social, regional and rural development funds is crucial. A wide range of measures closely related to Roma integration can be financed under the European Structural and Investment Funds programmes, such as infrastructural developments in social care, healthcare, education, employment, housing, human capital investments, capacity building of local authorities, and others.
Examples of relevant actions include:
- Provision of guidelines to the EU Member States on policy planning for inclusive growth investments in favour of marginalised communities such as the Roma;
- Co-financing a range of social inclusion projects which can benefit Roma through mainstream programmes under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the European Social Fund (ESF);
- Bilateral discussions between the European Commission and European Union Member States to identify how EU funding can be used most effectively to promote Roma inclusion.
Links and Contact
- Roma Portal (DG JUST)
- European Social Fund (DG EMPL)
- EU Roma Network
- RomaNet, URBACT
- 6th Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion (2007-2013)
- ESPON project on Territorial Dimension of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Europe (TIPSE)
- Guidance on European Structural and Investment Funds 2014-2020
Contact us: REGIO-URBAN-TERRITORIAL@ec.europa.eu
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