EU-Latin America Cooperation on Regional Innovation Strategies in the framework of Regional Policy
The DG Regio and the EU-LAC Foundation have supported, and continue to support, several initiatives in Latin America regarding the definition of RIS strategies, EU-LAC bilateral exchange of experiences, and in a wider sense, projects aimed at strengthening regional innovation systems and improving regional innovation policy. As a further step in this set of initiatives, the general objective of this study is to identify and support the generation of sustainable and socially responsible EU-LAC bi-regional value chains. This opens a vast field for potential long-term win-win partnerships where the EU experience could both be used and recycled. It also would form the basis of better mutual understanding and common practices in terms of economic development and cooperation.
The main objectives of the study are to take stock of existing regional innovation strategies, policies and actions; to considere how regional innovation strategies could contribute to improving sustainable territorial competitiveness in Latin America and to identify new opportunities for EU-LAC cooperation in regional innovation strategies in the territories concerned.
EU-Colombia Cooperation on Regional Policy Capacity Building for Urban Cross-Border Cooperation Actors
The general objective of the study is to support the key public and private stakeholders in the Metropolitan Area of Cúcuta to identify the main challenges and solutions to support the development and promotion of tourism in the territory. Particular emphasis will be made to their status as a border area.
The specific objectives of this project are to encourage the management of sustainable tourism development models, identifying specific projects that take into account the historical, geographical and social characteristics of the region; to promote sustainable development based on the participation of all stakeholders, public and private actors and civil society and to support activities for the development of integrated environmental management systems, including tourist circuits in the project area.
EU Central America Cooperation: Support to the Central American Integration System’s (SICA) cross-border cooperation actions
In Central America there is an on-going and very stimulating integration process since many years, which has been closely followed by the AEBR through different partnerships, especially the Secretariat General of the SICA, main promoter of several sound cross-border initiatives, being the most suitable partner to strengthen these processes at the supra-national level in the region. On the other hand, border municipalities in Central American countries are increasingly demanding instruments for Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC), being a growing field under permanent development. The purpose of this study was the development of SWOT analyses in three selected cross-border areas in Central America showing a high potential for CBC but where sustainable and systematic territorial cooperation has not yet been achieved. The SWOT analyses provided the basis to elaborate a road map for CBC in the territories under study, including main results, outcomes, lessons learned, recommendations and conclusions.
Cross-Border Cooperation in West Africa: Support to integrated and sustainable development and cross-border cooperation between Macaronesia, Cape Verde and Senegal
The main objective of the study was to support the preparation of an Action Plan for the development of cross-border cooperation and the enhancement of social, cultural, economic, and environmental sustainable development along the Western African seaboard placing particular emphasis on promoting the active participation of regional and local actors. The study built on the previous EU study "Opportunities for CBC in West Africa" which was carried out by AEBR in 2011-2012 and the EU "Transnational Cooperation Programme Madeira-Açores-Canarias 2007-2013", which supports some 50 projects involving a large number of West African partners.
Strengthening Regional Innovation Systems in Peru: Policy Lessons
The study aims to conduct a strategic assessment of the Regional Innovation Systems (RIS) in the Peruvian regions of Cusco and Tacna, identifying the main actors within each region's system: regional government, universities, research centres and enterprises, as well as identifying their level of cooperation and coordination in order to encourage further development of innovation strategies and joint projects. The work is based largely on the "Regional Innovation Strategy" (RIS) methodology and its updated version on "Regional Smart Specialization Strategy" (RIS3).
Cross-border co-operation in Latin America: support to integrated and sustainable development and cross-border co-operation in the Paraná axis development
The study aimed at strengthening the successful co-operation between Europe and Latin America through a case study on possibilities for an improved collaboration between Argentina and Paraguay alongside the Parana River. The cross-border stream sources out from the Triple Frontier between Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay and runs along 710 km until the Paraguay River forms a delta at the Parana River. A Joint Commission from Argentina and Paraguay, the Comisión Mixta Argentino - Paraguaya del Río Paraná (COMIP), is endowed with the responsibility to control and use the Parana River water resources along this border stretch.
The study allowed to identify main actors in the area, their competences, structure, and activities; verified obstacles for cross-border cooperation that can be better solved through a bi-national action and determined future initiatives and potential benefits of coordinated bi-national action.
Opportunities for Cross Border cooperation in West Africa: a contribution to the regional integration process
The study aimed to quantify the main obstacles to Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) in West Africa, while highlighting several positive opportunities, in order to propose a road map for the next years. The most important obstacles identified for CBC are conflicts due to the pressure on land and natural resources, poor infrastructure, administrative procedures and national compartmentalisation. In addition illegal activities (trafficking, terrorism) have proved to be major problems in certain cases. However certain CBC areas are cooperating actively and systematically. A number of the most dynamic were chosen in order to prepare the SWOT analysis and develop the road map for CBC. These included the SKBo area (Sikasso, Mali; Korhogo, Côte d'Ivoire and Bobo Dioulasso in Burkina Faso); the MKK development corridor (Maradi-Katsina-Kano linking Nigeria and Niger) and the Western African seaboard, the interface between Senegal, Mauretania and Macaronesia (Canaries, Azores Madeira and Cape Verde).
The road map proposed by the study sets out short term recommendations (help with border demarcation, co-ordination of actions, implementation of specific projects, inclusive governance and capacity building); medium term recommendations (targeted training, increasing cross border initiatives, development of multi annual strategies, improving project management skills, developing a legal instrument, permanent CBC structures and a West African Cross border association); and long term recommendations (structural approach to regional integration, extension to other African Regional Economic Communities, strengthening of supranational institutions and developing a financial framework. In addition a number of complementary initiatives are proposed, aimed at strengthening the specific CBC programmes that were examined for the study.
Cross-border cooperation in Latin America: contribution to the regional integration process
The subject of this study is to develop a SWOT analysis in selected cross-border areas (including the triple frontier area Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay) in Latin America showing a high potential for cooperation but where sustainable and systematic territorial cooperation has not yet been achieved. On the basis of the results of the analysis, the contractor has elaborated a road map or action plan concerning the next steps for enhancing the collaboration in the selected border areas with concrete actions and measures. At this respect, the study applied the main lessons and best practice learnt from the European experience on cross-border cooperation (and in particular the support of EU regional policy to territorial cooperation). The action plan addresses, among others, the following themes: creation of working groups in the selected border areas, training needs, development of common projects, building of common strategies and programmes, development of common structures, governance model: horizontal (cross-departmental) and vertical (across level of government)
Regional Innovation Systems in Latin America: policy lessons
Comparative empirical study of the regional innovation systems of two Latin American regions (Cordoba in Argentina and Santa Catarina in Brazil) to explore desirable criteria upon which systemic innovation at the regional scale might occur. The main objective was to understand how the selected regional innovation systems function and to specify desirable factors and mechanisms for promoting competitiveness and innovation. At this respect, the study applied the main lessons learnt from the European experience on regional innovation systems (and in particular the support of EU regional policy to regional innovation systems) to the selected regions in Latin America. The study particularly concentrated on the following themes: building of the regional innovation strategy; instruments used to support regional-level innovation; governance model and funding (levels of investment and allocation of resources by government level); monitoring and evaluation system.