Cooperation between regions and countries
European Territorial Cooperation
European Territorial Cooperation is central to the construction of a common European space, and a cornerstone of European integration. It has clear European added value: helping to ensure that borders are not barriers, bringing Europeans closer together, helping to solve common problems, facilitating the sharing of ideas and assets, and encouraging strategic work towards common goals.
A 'Macroregional strategy' is an integrated framework endorsed by the European Council, which may be supported by the European Structural and Investment Funds among others, to address common challenges faced by a defined geographical area relating to Member States and third countries located in the same geographical area which thereby benefit from strengthened cooperation contributing to achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion.
The EU has put in place two strategies, covering several policies, which are targeted at a 'macro-region'.
- The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region
- The EU Strategy for the Danube Region
- Towards the EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region
The European Council of 19-20 December 2013 invited the Commission, in co-operation with the Member States, to elaborate an EU Strategy for the Alpine Region. The deadline for presenting a proposal is mid-2015.
The European Union shares experience with non-EU countries about the process of regional development.