Operational Programme 'Transport'
Programme under Convergence objective co-funded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF)
On July 12, the European Commission approved the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and Cohesion Fund (CF) Operational programme for Romania for the period 2007-2013, entitled "Operational Programme Transport" (SOPT). The total budget of the programme is around EUR 5.7 billion and the Community assistance amounts to EUR 4.56 billion (approximately 23 % of the total EU money invested in Romania under Cohesion policy 2007-2013).
1. The purpose and aim of the EU investment
The main objective of the transport sector is to provide an adequately developed, modern and sustainable infrastructure, appropriately maintained, facilitating the safe and efficient movement of persons and goods nationally and within Europe and contributing positively and significantly to the economic development of Romania.
The country needs connections with the other European countries. In addition, high transport costs arise due to lack of proper infrastructure and/or infrastructure in poor condition within the Romanian territory. This programme aims at reducing travel times and thus the costs to access isolated areas within Romania and at ensuring proper connections to the rest of Europe through the main Trans-European Networks axes (TEN-T).
2. The expected impact of the investment
At a global level, the overall transport strategy is put in practice through the use of "soft" and "hard" objectives. Soft objectives refer to the transposition of the European legislation in the field of transport into Romanian legislation, as well as to the technical assistance for the management and implementation systems, while the hard objectives refer to actual investment in the transport infrastructure (especially TEN-T priority projects).
This development will be done with an approach which is compatible with sustainable development and tackles the issue of climate change. The development of Romanian TEN-T network will have a positive impact on the environment, by reducing transport generated CO2 emissions. This is valid particularly in the case of road infrastructure, since increased capacity will lead to less congestion and reduced time travel thus helping reduce emissions. In addition, the programme favours those modes of transport that are the least harmful to the environment, such as rail, inter-modal transport and the inland waterways and it is looking to maintain, if not improve, the current market share of these modes. An attention will be given to the connections with renewable energy sources in order to be able to reduce the environmental impact of energy consumption.
3. Priority axes
In order to achieve the objective of the SOPT it is proposed to allocate the relevant EU and State funds for transport towards the implementation of the following priority axes:
Priority axis 1: Modernization and development of TEN-T priority axes aiming at sustainable transport system integrated with EU transport networks
This priority axis aims at enhancing the territorial cohesion between Romania and the EU member states, by significantly reducing travel times with improved safety and quality of service to principal destinations, domestically as well as Europe-wide, for both passengers and freight, along the TEN-T priority axes 7, 18 and 22 (see http://ec.europa.eu/ten/transport/maps/axes_en.htm).
The objective will be achieved through the development and upgrading of motorways and railway, and water transport infrastructure, with a view to improving the quality, efficiency and speed of transport services, door-to-door, and increasing volumes of freight and passenger traffic from eastern to western Romania.
Priority axis 2: Modernization and development of the national transport infrastructure outside the TEN-T priority axes aiming at sustainable national transport system
This priority axis aims at modernizing and developing road, rail, water transport and air transport infrastructure located on the national network outside the TEN-T priority axes and promotes appropriate balance among modes of transport.
Its objective is to increase passenger and freight traffic with higher degree of safety, speed and quality of service including rail inter-operability; in light of the cohesion policy’s objective of developing secondary network connections.
Priority axis 3: Modernization of transport sector aiming at higher degree of environmental protection, human health and passenger safety
This priority axis aims at implementing the principles of sustainable development of the transport sector in Romania, as per the Cardiff conclusions of the European Council (1998) and the European Strategy for Sustainable Development (Gothenburg 2001). It will promote increased levels of safety, minimize adverse effects on the environment as well as promote inter-modal and combined transport.
Priority axis 4: Technical Assistance
A proper implementation of the structural instruments requires institutional support and strengthening of the administrative capacity in the coming years. This support will come in the form of hiring and training additional personnel in both administrative duties and technical aspects of transport project management for the Ministry of Transport and for the beneficiaries. It will also promote the understanding and appreciation of the role and purpose of the EU's contribution in developing the transport infrastructure of Romania.
Financial and Technical information
Operational Programme 'Transport'
Intervention TypeOperational Programme
Number of decisionC/2007/3469
Final approval date12/07/2007
Breakdown of finances by priority axis
|Priority Axis||EU Investment||National Public Contribution||Total Public Contribution|
|Modernization and development of TEN-T priority axes aiming at sustainable transport system integrated with EU transport networks||3 276 605 085||578 269 513||3 854 874 598|
|Modernization and development of the national transport infrastructure outside the TEN-T priority axes aiming at sustainable national transport system||967 662 078||429 647 576||1 397 309 654|
|Modernization of transport sector aiming at higher degree of environmental protection, human health and passenger safety||229 640 833||93 254 972||322 895 805|
|Technical Assistance||92 029 299||30 554 949||122 584 248|
|Total||4 565 937 295||1 131 727 010||5 697 664 305|