Operational Programme 'Transport'

Programme under the Convergence Objective, co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund

Hungary

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On 1 August 2007, the European Commission approved Hungary’s Operational Programme for Transport for the period 2007-13. The Operational Programme falls within the framework laid out for the Convergence Objective and has a total budget of around €7.3 billion. Community assistance through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund amounts to some €6.2 billion, which represents approximately 24.5% of the total EU investment earmarked for Hungary under the Cohesion Policy for 2007-13.

1. The purpose and aim of the EU investment

The Operational Programme will support the development of transport infrastructure, which is seen as essential to increase economic competitiveness and stimulate job creation – the two key objectives of the EU’s Lisbon Strategy for growth and jobs.

Good quality transport links make it easier for people to commute to and from work. The better the links the greater distances people can travel efficiently, which in itself can enable more people to enter the jobs market. What’s more, improving transport links can also strengthen social and territorial cohesion.

The programme has the following specific objectives:

  • Improving Hungary’s integration into the European economy and developing transport infrastructure that can support the country’s emerging markets;
  • Improving accessibility to Hungary’s regions, both within and between individual regions;
  • Improving the intermodality of Hungary’s transport systems in a way that supports economic competitiveness;
  • Contributing to the sustainable and economical development of public transport systems.

2. Expected impact of the investment

The Programme’s impact will be seen in various infrastructure developments, which include:

  • constructing about 330 km of new expressways;
  • modernising about 500 km of railway track, including the upgrade of IT, safety and traffic control equipment;
  • upgrading about 1100 km of roads so that they can take an 11.5 tonnes axle load capacity.

The Programme will also provide Hungary with a host of new urban transport systems including a sub-urban railway for Budapest. In addition, urban transport will be improved in Hungary’s major regional centres through investment in infrastructure such as trams, trolley buses, intermodal hubs, etc. Money will also be set aside to build metro line No 4 in Budapest.

3. Priorities

The Operational Programme is structured around the following priorities:

Priority 1: Improving international accessibility to the country’s road network and regional centres [approximately 19.0% of total funding]

Increasing international access to Hungary is vital for the country’s economic prospects. Access to regional centres via the road network must also be improved. Work to address these issues includes developing Hungarian motorways and expressways that form part of the EU’s Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T). The new expressways, which are to be built using programme funding, will help to improve accessibility, reduce environmental load and increase transport safety.

Priority 2: Improving international accessibility to the country’s rail and waterway networks [approximately 27.7% of total funding]

The objective is to better integrate Hungary into the European economy and to maximise the potential of emerging markets by developing the country’s rail and water transport infrastructure.

Activities will include:

  • developing Hungarian railways lines that are part of the TEN-T rail network;
  • developing relevant information technology and telematics and investing in safety measures; and
  • developing the Danube as an EU inland waterway corridor.

Priority 3: Improving regional accessibility [approximately 24.5% of total funding]

This priority focuses on improving accessibility to Hungary’s regional centres. In practice, this will mean developing main roads to improve links between regions and the TEN-T network. Programme funding will also be used to strengthen the load-bearing capacity of main roads to comply with EU standards.

Priority 4: Linking modes of transport and improving the intermodality and transport infrastructure of economic centres [approximately 2.4% of total funding]

Improving the intermodality of national and regional transport systems is a key priority. The programme will help to develop infrastructure for intelligent traffic management while improving accessibility in economical and environmentally friendly ways. Plans will be drawn up to develop better infrastructure links between the country’s main transport networks and important commercial hubs like ports and industrial estates.

Priority 5: Improving urban and sub-urban public transport [approximately 25.0% of total funding]

This priority access intends to make it easier for people to get in and out of Hungary’s cities. The focus is on tackling overcrowding on urban transport networks, thereby improving conditions and services for users. These changes will be achieved by establishing an efficient and economic urban transport system.

Priority 6: Technical assistance [approximately 1.3% of total funding]

There is also provision for technical assistance which can be used to implement the programme. Financial support is available to cover administration, monitoring and control.

Financial and Technical information

Operational Programme 'Transport'

Intervention Type

Operational Programme

CCI no

2007HU161PO007

Number of decision

C/2007/3794 + C(2009)6499

Final approval date

01/08/2007

Breakdown of finances by priority axis

Priority Axis EU Investment National Public Contribution Total Public Contribution
Improving international accessibility to the country’s road network and regional centres (Cohesion Fund) 1 030 544 682 181 860 826 1 212 405 508
Improving international accessibility to the country’s rail and waterway networks (Cohesion Fund) 1 721 106 773 303 724 725 2 024 831 498
Improving regional accessibility (ERDF) 1 482 907 228 261 689 511 1 744 596 739
Linking modes of transport and improving the intermodality and the transport infrastructure of economic centres (ERDF) 152 074 457 26 836 669 178 911 126
Improving urban and sub-urban public transport (Cohesion Fund) 1 558 804 069 275 083 071 1 833 887 140
Technical assistance (Cohesion Fund) 81 838 094 14 442 017 96 280 111
Total 6 027 275 303 1 063 636 819 7 090 912 122