Byer ses som både kilden til og løsningen på de økonomiske, miljømæssige og sociale udfordringer, vi oplever nu til dags. Over to tredjedele af EU's befolkning bor i byområder, hvor omkring 80 % af energiforbruget anvendes og op til 85 % af Europas BNP genereres. Disse byområder er motorerne i den europæiske økonomi, og de virker som katalysatorer for kreativitet og innovation i hele unionen. Det er dog også her, at hårdnakkede problemer som f.eks. arbejdsløshed, isolation og fattigdom er mest alvorlige. Bymæssige politikker har derfor bredere betydning på tværs af grænserne, og derfor er byudvikling en vigtig del af EU's regionalpolitik.
Samhørighedspolitikkens bymæssige dimension
I perioden 2014-2020 vil den bymæssige dimension være selve kernen i samhørighedspolitikken. Mindst 50 % af EFRU's ressourcer i denne periode vil blive investeret i byområder. Denne andel kan vise sig at blive større senere i perioden. Omkring 10 mia. EUR fra EFRU tildeles direkte integrerede strategier for bæredygtig byudvikling. Desuden vil ca. 750 byer få mulighed for at gennemføre disse integrerede strategier for bæredygtig byudvikling.
What is integrated sustainable urban development?
The various dimensions of urban life – environmental, economic, social and cultural – are interwoven and success in urban development can only be achieved through an integrated approach. Measures concerning physical urban renewal must be combined with those promoting education, economic development, social inclusion and environmental protection. It also calls for strong partnerships between local citizens, civil society, industry and various levels of government.
Such an approach is especially important at this time, given the seriousness of the challenges European cities currently face, ranging from specific demographic changes to the consequences of economic stagnation in terms of job creation and social progress, and to the impact of climate change. The response to these challenges is critical for achieving the smart, sustainable, inclusive society envisaged in the Europe 2020 Strategy.
The EU Urban Agenda
Objectives for 2014-2020
During the 2014-2020 programming period, European cities will benefit even more from the EU's Regional Policy:
- Urban areas are directly targeted by several of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) investment priorities. This means greater opportunity for sustainable urban mobility, regeneration of deprived communities and improved research and innovation capacity.
- In each EU Member State, a minimum 5 % of the ERDF is earmarked for integrated sustainable urban development; its on-the-ground deployment will be decided and directed by urban authorities.
- EUR 371 million is set aside for innovative actions in the field of Sustainable Urban Development over a seven-year period.
- An urban development network (UDN) is responsible for reviewing on-the-ground deployment of European funds and boosting knowledge-sharing between cities involved in integrated sustainable urban development and in Urban Innovative Actions.
- Cities are encouraged to use Community-Led Local Development (CLLD), which paves the way for local stakeholders, businesses, the public sector and civil society to get more involved in urban neighbourhood regeneration.
- Integrated territorial investments may be used to implement area-based strategies that rely on investments across different fields.
- The URBACT III programme - which acts as a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development – has been financially strengthened and expanded, enabling European cities to work together to develop better solutions to urban challenges.
- The TAIEX REGIO PEER 2 PEER tool is designed to share expertise between bodies that manage funding under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund.
Cooperation and exchange of experience between cities
URBACT is a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development, which integrates economic, social and environmental dimensions. It enables cities to work together to develop new, pragmatic and sustainable solutions to major urban challenges, reaffirming the key role they play in facing increasingly complex societal changes. So far 7 000 people from 500 cities, in 29 countries, have participated in the URBACT programme.
Urban Development Network (UDN)
The Urban Development Network is made up of more than 500 cities/urban areas across the EU responsible for implementing integrated actions based on Sustainable Urban Development strategies financed by ERDF in the 2014-2020 period.
International Urban Cooperation (IUC)
The European Union is launching a three-year programme to promote international urban cooperation. Europe’s cities want to link up, build and share knowledge and solutions with other cities and regions.
- Forskning og innovation
- Informations- og kommunikationsteknologi
- SMV'ers konkurrenceevne
- Approval 18 Urban Innovative Actions cities. Check them out at http://www.uia-initiative.eu/
- Announcement of 4 new Partnerships of the Urban Agenda
- Urban One-Stop-Shop is launched
- Urban Development Network is online
- Regionen Stockholm investerer i bæredygtig byudvikling
- Kommissionen giver tilsagn om at nå globale mål om bæredygtig byudvikling
- The Pact of Amsterdam