Inspiring non-EU countries
EU - Ukraine
Both Ukraine and the enlarged European Union face similar challenges of uneven development of the regions, urban development, restructuring of rural areas, rehabilitation of areas affected by industrial decline and natural disasters, like floods and other consequences of global climate change. Regional policy, supporting social and economic development and building up administrative capacity at local and regional levels, is a key asset in meeting these challenges.
Since establishing full independence in 1991 Ukraine has pursued a policy of dismantling the heavily centralised command economy of the Soviet years in favour of giving more responsibility to local and regional government. In recent years it has also moved decisively towards a closer relationship with the European Union which has recognised this movement by encouraging Ukraine's participation in a number of cross border co-operation programmes and involving the country directly in the forthcoming Black Sea Synergy and Danube Strategy programmes. The country has also moved to establish a regional development policy intended to overcome the wide disparities between the relatively isolated northern and eastern provinces up against the Russian border and the wealthier western provinces close to the European Union.
On 22 July 2009 the European Commission and the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of Ukraine signed a Memorandum of Understanding intended to promote dialogue on regional policy and regional co-operation. The dialogue is an element of the exchanges planned in the context of the Commission's Communication on Eastern Partnership which will promote mutual understanding and enhance bilateral co-operation and the exchange of information on regional policy, address issues of common interest for Ukraine and the European Union and promote regional co-operation between them.
The parties have established a programme of activities within the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding in order to make substantial progress in the exchange of experience between the two sides.
1) Studies: A national level territorial review by the OECD was completed in 2013. A regional 'peer review assessment' of economic competitiveness and institutional capacity involving regional development experts from regions within the EU was undertaken in the regions of Chernovtsy and Odessa.
2) Study visits: two study visits for Ukranian officials were organised in 2011 to EU countries on territorial cooperation and macro-regional strategies and on indicators and evaluation mechanisms for regional development . In 2013, a technical assistance project was carried out, including training and information sessions, study visits and workshops for participants from the Russia-Ukraine border area, with the overall aim of offering participants a source of reference when further developing their policy strategies and actions in order to promote better cross-border cooperation
Memorandum of Understanding for the establishment of a dialogue on regional policy and development of regional co-operation between the ministry of Regional Development and Construction of Ukraine and the European Commission
Commission Communication on Eastern Partnership
Joint EU-Ukrainian seminar, Kyiv, 10/11 September 2012 :
- Proceedings of the joint seminar 10/11 September 2012
- The OECD Territorial review of Ukraine - William Thompson, Regional Development Policy Division, Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate
- European Union Regional Policy Aims, Methods, Results and… Reform - Ronald Hall, Director, International Relations, Directorate General for Regional Policy, European Commission
- Presentations on multi level governance at National level in, Poland and at regional level in Swietokryzskie by Grzegorz Orawiec, Director of the Department of Regional Policy in the Marshal's office of the Swietokrzyskie Voivodship