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European Territorial Co-operation

European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)

The EGTC is an European legal instrument designed to facilitate and promote cross-border, transnational and interregional cooperation. Unlike the structures which governed this kind of cooperation before 2007, the EGTC is a legal entity and as such, will enable regional and local authorities and other public bodies from different member states, to set up cooperation groupings with a legal personality. For example, an EGTC or EGTC members can be:

  • Member States
  • Regional or local authorities
  • Associations
  • Any other public body

The EGTC is unique in the sense that it enables public authorities of various Member States to team up and deliver joint services, without requiring a prior international agreement to be signed and ratified by national parliaments. Member States must however agree to the participation of potential members in their respective countries. The law applicable for the interpretation and application of the convention is that of the Member State in which the official EGTC headquarters are located.

An EGTC convention sets out in particular:

  • The name of the EGTC and its headquarters
  • The list of members
  • The area it covers
  • Its objective
  • Its mission
  • Its duration

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