Развитие на градовете

Градовете се разглеждат едновременно като източник и като решение на днешните икономически, екологични и социални предизвикателства. В европейските градски райони живеят над две трети от населението на ЕС и в тях се консумират около 80 % от потреблението на енергия в Европа и се генерират до 85 % от БВП на Европейския съюз. Тези градски райони са двигателите на европейската икономика и служат като катализатори на творчеството и иновациите в рамките на Съюза. Но те също са и местата, където постоянните проблеми като безработица, сегрегация и бедност, са най-силно изразени. Следователно политиката за градовете има по-широко трансгранично значение, което обяснява защо развитието на градовете заема централно място в регионалната политика на ЕС.

 Допълнителни инструменти

  •  Намаляване на шрифта  
  •  Увеличаване на шрифта  

Градско измерение на политиката на сближаване

През периода 2014—2020 г. градското измерение ще заема централно място в политиката на сближаване. Най-малко 50 % от средствата на ЕФРР за този период ще бъдат инвестирани в градските райони. Те дори може да се увеличат още на по-късен етап през този период. Около 10 милиарда евро от ЕФРР ще бъдат пряко отпуснати за интегрираните стратегии за устойчиво градско развитие. А на около 750 града ще бъдат предоставени възможности да прилагат тези интегрирани стратегии за устойчиво градско развитие.

Научете повече за това как европейските градове ще спечелят от регионалната политика на ЕС.

What is integrated sustainable urban development?

The various dimensions of urban life – environmental, economic, social and cultural – are interwoven and success in urban development can only be achieved through an integrated approach. Measures concerning physical urban renewal must be combined with those promoting education, economic development, social inclusion and environmental protection. It also calls for strong partnerships between local citizens, civil society, industry and various levels of government.

Such an approach is especially important at this time, given the seriousness of the challenges European cities currently face, ranging from specific demographic changes to the consequences of economic stagnation in terms of job creation and social progress, and to the impact of climate change. The response to these challenges is critical for achieving the smart, sustainable, inclusive society envisaged in the Europe 2020 Strategy.

The EU Urban Agenda


Objectives for 2014-2020

During the 2014-2020 programming period, European cities will benefit even more from the EU's Regional Policy:

  • Urban areas are directly targeted by several of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) investment priorities. This means greater opportunity for sustainable urban mobility, regeneration of deprived communities and improved research and innovation capacity.
  • In each EU Member State, a minimum 5 % of the ERDF is earmarked for integrated sustainable urban development; its on-the-ground deployment will be decided and directed by urban authorities.
  • EUR 371 million is set aside for innovative actions in the field of Sustainable Urban Development over a seven-year period.
  • An urban development network (UDN) is responsible for reviewing on-the-ground deployment of European funds and boosting knowledge-sharing between cities involved in integrated sustainable urban development and in Urban Innovative Actions.
  • Cities are encouraged to use Community-Led Local Development (CLLD), which paves the way for local stakeholders, businesses, the public sector and civil society to get more involved in urban neighbourhood regeneration.
  • Integrated territorial investments may be used to implement area-based strategies that rely on investments across different fields.
  • The URBACT III programme - which acts as a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development – has been financially strengthened and expanded, enabling European cities to work together to develop better solutions to urban challenges.
  • The TAIEX REGIO PEER 2 PEER tool is designed to share expertise between bodies that manage funding under the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund.

Cooperation and exchange of experience between cities


URBACT is a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development, which integrates economic, social and environmental dimensions. It enables cities to work together to develop new, pragmatic and sustainable solutions to major urban challenges, reaffirming the key role they play in facing increasingly complex societal changes. So far 7 000 people from 500 cities, in 29 countries, have participated in the URBACT programme.

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Urban Development Network (UDN)

The Urban Development Network is made up of more than 500 cities/urban areas across the EU responsible for implementing integrated actions based on Sustainable Urban Development strategies financed by ERDF in the 2014-2020 period.

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International Urban Cooperation (IUC)

The European Union is launching a three-year programme to promote international urban cooperation. Europe’s cities want to link up, build and share knowledge and solutions with other cities and regions.

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