EU Solidarity Fund
The European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) was set up to respond to major natural disasters and express European solidarity to disaster-stricken regions within Europe. The Fund was created as a reaction to the severe floods in Central Europe in the summer of 2002. Since then, it has been used for 63 disasters covering a range of different catastrophic events including floods, forest fires, earthquakes, storms and drought. 24 different European countries have been supported so far for an amount of over 3.7 billion €. Click for a list of all interventions
How to apply?
Any application has to be received by the Commission within 12 weeks of the date of the first damage caused by the disaster.
It is strongly recommended that the body responsible for preparing an application establishes early direct contact with the service in charge in DG Regional Policy who can offer a range of advice that will help to speed up the application procedure as much as possible.
This page is updated regularly, please download the latest version of the application form.
- Application form (Last update: 11-07-2014)
- Guidance note (Last update: 11-07-2014)
- Thresholds for major disasters (Last update: 07-01-2015)
- Thresholds for regional disasters (Last update: 07-01-2015)
- How to determine the threshold for disasters affecting several regions (based on weighted average GDP) (Last update: 07-01-2015)
- How much money can you expect?
The Commission assesses the application and - if the application is accepted - proposes an amount of aid to the European Parliament and the Council who have to approve it before it can be paid out. Once the appropriations become available in the EU budget the Commission adopts a decision awarding the aid to the affected State following which the aid is paid out immediately and in a single instalment. Once the aid is paid out, the affected State is responsible for the implementation including the selection of operations and their audit and control. Emergency measures may be financed retroactively from day one of the disaster.
It is worth noting that the EUSF is not a rapid response instrument for dealing with the effects of a natural disaster. Financial aid can only be granted to the applying State following an application and budgetary proc ess which can take several months to complete.
- Revised EU Solidarity Fund Regulation (consolidated version)
- Regulation (EU) No 661/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002
- Question and answer : MEMO/13/723
- Regulation setting up the EUSF (Regulation (EC) n° 2012/2002 of the Council of 11 November 2002, OJ L 311)
DG Regional and Urban Policy
phone: +32 2 296 65 15
phone: +32 2 298 10 68
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In what cases does the EUSF assist?
The EUSF can provide financial aid to Member States and countries engaged in accession negotiations
a. in the event of a 'major disaster': total direct damage exceeding € 3 billion at 2011 prices or 0.6% of the GNI of the affected State, whichever is the lower.
b. in the event for smaller, so-called ‘regional disasters': total direct damage exceeding 1.5% of regional GDP (at NUTS2 level). For outermost regions the threshold of 1% of regional GDP is applied.
c. in the event that an eligible State is affected by the same major disaster as an eligible neighbouring State.
With what budget?
Solidarity Fund aid can be mobilised up to a maximum annual total of € 500 million (in 2011 prices) plus the unspent allocation from the preceding year which is raised over and above the normal EU budget. Individual grants have to be approved by the European Parliament and the Council following a proposal from the Commission. One quarter of this amount must remain available on 1 October of every year to meet possible needs through to the end of the year. In exceptional cases and if the resources remaining for the rest of the year are insufficient, the shortfall may be met out of the next year's budget.
For what actions?
The EUSF supplements Member States' public expenditure for the following essential emergency operations:
- Immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure and plant in the fields of energy, drinking water, waste water, transport, telecommunications, health and education
- Providing temporary accommodation and emergency services to meet the immediate needs of the population;
- Immediate securing of prevention infrastructures and measures to protect the cultural heritage;
- Cleaning up of disaster-stricken areas, including natural zones.
The EUSF was not set up with the aim of meeting all the costs linked to natural disasters. The Fund is limited in principle to non-insurable damage and does not compensate for private losses. Long-term action – such as lasting reconstruction, economic redevelopment and prevention – are not eligible for EUSF aid. It could, however, qualify for aid under other instruments, most notably the Structural Funds and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development.
Austria - Flooding of August 2005 (regional disaster)
In August 2005, heavy flooding occurred in parts of two Austrian Länder Vorarlberg and Tyrol. The flooding caused severe damage to the agricultural sector, to tourism, residential properties and businesses, to the transport network and other infrastructure. The total direct damage was estimated at EUR 591.94 million which represents approximately 0.27 % of Austria's GNI. Since the figure is lower than the applicable threshold for mobilising the Solidarity Fund for major disasters (0.6 % of Austria's GNI, i.e. EUR 1.3363 billion), the application was therefore examined under exceptional criteria for so-called extraordinary regional disasters. The Commission came to the conclusion that the application provided sufficient evidence to allow exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund and to grant financial aid amounting to EUR 14.79 million. The aid was used for:
- the immediate restoration to working order of infrastructure, in particular in restoration of state roads. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 9.86 million.
- the immediate securing of preventive infrastructures, in particular of restoration of damaged embankments of water courses, including the removal of trees and rubble, damming, stabilisation and restoration of river beds. Total EUSF contribution: EUR 4.93 million.
- Panorama 49: EU Solidarity Fund reform: disaster relief to be streamlined
- Panorama 47: EU disaster support to be faster and simpler