Objective 1: 2000-06 programmes
The 2000-06 programming period brings new challenges and opportunities
for the regions under Objective 1, where disparities are still large
in comparison with the rest of the European Union.
114 programmes, prepared by the national and regional authorities
together with the European Commission, are being implemented in
the 13 Member States affected by Objective 1 and its transitional
support. Summaries of these
programmes are available on this site, and, in accordance with
the rules, the full versions are published by the relevant national
or regional authorities. Most are published on the Internet; click
here for access to the list of relevant websites.
These programmes focus on three categories of project which may
generate a process of sustained endogenous growth:
- infrastructures (28% of the funds), of which approximately half
is for transport infrastructures;
- human resources (30% of the funds), with priority given to employment
policies and education and training systems;
- aid for the production sectors (42% of the funds).
More specifically, the Structural Funds play a decisive role in
supporting environmental protection, which accounts for over 10%
of the total allocated for Objective 1. A large amount of money
is also directed towards improving access to peripheral regions
and developing training, research and innovation activities, which
are essential to knowledge-based economies. Estimates suggest that
EUR 5-6 billion will be devoted directly to the information society
and to reducing numeracy problems. Support measures for small firms
will contribute less directly to the development of new technologies.
For more detailed information on the quality of the Objective 1
programmes, consult the
communication. submitted by the Commission in July 2001.