Management and monitoring of structural programmes
projects : eligibility and cofinancing rates
- B / E
the broad priorities of a programme are identified in cooperation with the Commission
in Brussels, the choice of measures and practical projects is the sole responsibility
of the Member States.
The programme complement describes in detail the measures
already indicated and summarised in the programme. These are the measures of interest
to the people on the ground, since the individual projects for which they are
seeking finance must fit into them. A precise budget is earmarked for each measure,
which the programme managers use to finance individual projects.
complement" is adopted by the managing authority designated by the State
(see "Management and monitoring"), after consulting
the partners concerned (see also"Partnership"). This is
also the document that specifies how the funds available are to be distributed
between the measures and the final beneficiaries.
The level of Structural
Fund contribution is not the same for all regions. It is not even the same for
all measures within a single programme. In fact, the rate varies first according
to the region in which the project is launched and, more specifically, according
to the Structural Fund Objective it comes under. As one might expect, the rate
is higher in the regions experiencing the greatest development difficulties, i.e.
those coming under Objective 1.
Structural Fund cofinancing ceilings:
- Objective 1: a maximum of 75% of the total cost of the project, except in
regions of a State covered by the Cohesion Fund, outermost regions and outlying
Greek islands, where it can be as much as 80% or 85% of this total cost;
2 and 3, fisheries: a maximum of 50% of the total cost of the project.
these ceilings, the financing rates can also vary according to other general criteria
such as environmental protection and promoting equal opportunities between men
and women. Also, in addition to these general principles, the rate is subject
to particular ceilings applying in certain specific cases. Reduced contribution
rates have, for example, been established for investments in firms and infrastructure
investments generating "substantial revenue" (i.e. at least 25% of the total cost
of the investment concerned).
With regard to investments in firms:
- a maximum of 35% of the total cost under Objective 1;
- a maximum of
15% of the total cost under Objective 2.
With regard to investments
in infrastructure generating substantial revenue:
- a maximum of 40%
of the total cost under Objective 1 (50% in States covered by the Cohesion Fund);
maximum of 25% under Objective 2.
The regulations also encourage
the use of part of the Community finance in a form other than direct assistance,
such as, for example, repayable assistance, interest-rate subsidies or venture
capital holdings. In such cases, the ceilings provided for can be increased by
To ensure the relevance of the strategies pursued and the effectiveness
of expenditure, the programming of European assistance should bring together all
the parties involved in economic and social development. These include the State
and the Commission, but also the other authorities or partner bodies designated
by the national authorities in accordance with the rules and practices in force.
These may be other relevant public authorities, at regional and local level for
instance, or economic and social agents, or other appropriate bodies.
commitment and necessary consensus between the various parties involved is achieved
through ongoing dialogue throughout the programming process. They are indispensable
prerequisites for the success of any development action. In practice, the partners
are involved as soon as preparation begins on the programmes negotiated with the
Commission. They are then invited to monitor the implementation and financing
of the programmes by taking part in monitoring committees and in the various evaluation
Each year, the Commission, for its part, consults European organisations
representing the social partners about the general implementation of the structural