Transport infrastructure is one of the most visible examples of what can be achieved with aid from the EU Structural and Cohesion Funds.
Enhancing accessibility is of key importance to strengthening regional economies and achieving cohesion and competitiveness. The European Union’s transport policy promotes sustainable mobility for people and goods, ensuring efficiency, safety and minimising the negative effects on the environment. There are a number of actions covering trans-European transport networks (TEN-T), air, road, rail, maritime and urban transport as well as inland waterways, multimodal transport, intelligent transport systems, safety and state aid rules.
- About €82 billion (23.8% of the total allocation) will be spent on transport, with a priority for TEN-T projects, that is to say an increase of 65% compared to the previous programming period (2000-2006). Investments will cover transport strategies at EU, national and regional levels that strike a balance between road, rail and sustainable transport modes. In urban areas, clean transports will be promoted.
Cohesion Policy investments in transport between 2007 and 2013 will be concentrated in the Convergence regions. It is split as follows:
- TEN-T projects across all transport modes will receive €38 billion (11% of the total of cohesion policy investments). About half of that will be allocated to road infrastructure and the remainder to rail.
- Overall almost €41 billion (12% of the total) will be available for road infrastructure, including TEN-T and national, regional and local roads.
- For rail infrastructure, a total of €23.6 billion (6.8%) will be spent, including TEN-T projects.
- Other allocations include: urban transport: €8.1 billion (2.3%), ports and inland waterways: €4.1 billion (1.2%), multimodal transport and intelligent transport systems: €3.3 billion (1%); airports: €1.9 billion (0.5%).