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Europe’s Outermost regions - Publications

The economic impact of climate change and adaptation in the Outermost Regions

As the climate of the globe changes, the resilience of regions to the impacts of climate change will not be uniform. Some regions will experience more severe changes than others, changes which threaten areas of high biodiversity importance (‘biodiversity hotspots’) or locally important economic activities and livelihoods. Others, while not being exposed to such severe impacts may have limited adaptive capacity and so be vulnerable to climate impacts. The European Union (EU) Adaptation Strategy, adopted in spring 2013, recognises that the Outermost Regions (OR) of the EU are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. They are regions characterised by their remoteness, insularity, climate, terrain and richness of biodiversity as well as an economic dependence on a small number of products. They are important to the EU for the development of trade with third countries.

The OR are an integral part of the EU and are subject to the same regulations, policies and directives as the rest of the EU however, in a changing climate, the OR are also amongst the parts of EU facing some of the most significant challenges. Major impacts to their ecosystems have been identified including extinction of endemic species, coral bleaching and shoreline erosion. Observations have already shown changes to water and air temperature, cyclone activity, ocean acidification and sea level rise have occurred. Such observed changes are consistent with projections of future climate change.

Report pdf - Executive summary pdf fr



Study on migration and demographic trends in the outermost regions

The study is aimed at deepening the understanding, the knowledge and the projections of the demographic and migratory trends in the Outermost Regions. The report describes the major short and medium-term impacts of the demographic and migratory trends as well as their probable impact on the economic and social cohesion. Using the result of the analysis, the experts outline the main risks and the opportunities associated with these phenomena.
The research consisted in the analysis of data and literature as well as interviews of local stakeholders which took place during 2011.
Caveat: the independent consultant is responsible for the contents which do not bind the European Commission.

Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf

  • Azores: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf
  • Canarias: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf es
  • Guadeloupe: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf
  • Guyane: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf
  • Madera: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf
  • Martinique: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf
  • Réunion: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf
  • St Martin: Executive summary pdf fr - Report pdf

NEW The outermost regions of the European Union: towards a partnership for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth

(COM(2012) 287)pdf


Achievements

newThe Outermost Regions - European regions of assets and opportunities

June 2012- Brochure pdf enesfrpt

The European Union currently has eight Outermost Regions (ORs), which form an integral part of EU territory. These are: Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Saint Martin, Réunion (France); the Canary Islands (Spain) and the Azores and Madeira (Portugal). Unlike the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs), which have associate status with their respective Member States (Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom), the Outermost Regions must adhere in full to the rights and obligations arising from the European Treaties.



Growth Factors in the Outermost Regions

Growth Factors in the Outermost Regions

Study : pdf part 1 en - part 2 en

Executive Summary March 2011pdf enesfrpt

The study is aimed at deepening the understanding of the process of economic development, identifying strategies to improve competitiveness and reduce dependence on imports and transfers. The work consisted in the analysis of data and literature as well as interviews of local stakeholders which took place during spring 2010. The independent consultant is responsible for the contents which do not bind the European Commission.




Achievements

The Outermost Regions - European regions of assets and opportunities

May 2010- Brochure pdf enesfrpt

Cohesion Policy provides the ORs with important support designed to help them achieve greater economic and social convergence with the rest of the Community. On top of the €5 billion that these regions will receive for the 2007–13 period from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the Cohesion Fund (for the Portuguese ORs) and the European Social Fund (ESF), the EU's Cohesion Policy has earmarked additional funding to offset higher costs faced by the ORs, at the rate of €35 per inhabitant per year (a total of €979 million for all the regions).


  • Outermost regions – an asset for Europe – Commission policy paper (COM(2008) 642)pdf
  • Public consultation on future strategy for outermost regions (2007-2008)
  • 2007 strategy for outermost regions – achievements and future prospects pdf deenfr- Annex pdf enesfrpt
  • E-communication and broadband in outermost EU regions – regulations, infrastructure and prices – 2005 study pdf deesfrpt
  • Stronger partnership for outermost EU regions
    pdf dadeelenesfifritnlptsv
    Annex : pdf deenfr
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