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Eurobarometer Interactive Search System
This section of the website gives you access to the search tool for our Trends questions database.

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Updates 2013

This survey presents the views of the European public with regard to the use of non-urban roads, i.e. roads located outside of cities. The three main topics covered in the survey are: 1) EU citizens' perceptions of the quality of roads located outside of cities; 2) Their experience of congestion on these roads and 3) the level of information that EU citizens feel they have about what is included in road toll rates. For each of these topics, the report looks at how these perceptions vary according to driving habits, frequency of road use and main reasons for using roads. In addition the report analyses how these perceptions vary across Member States.
In view of the economic importance of urban areas and the problems with urban transport, a consensus has emerged that EU transport policy needs to have a much stronger urban element. To address this, the European Commission adopted the Action Plan on Urban Mobility in 2009 and published the Transport White Paper in 2011 which set the following goals: 1) Phase-out conventionally-fuelled cars in urban areas by 2050, and 2) Achieve (near) CO2-free city's logistics in major urban centres by 2030.
Achieving these goals requires an understanding of the problems faced by citizens travelling in urban areas and of their potential support to different approaches to dealing with these problems.
To that end, this survey was designed to look at: • Europeans' transport habits; • Europeans' perception about transport problems in EU cities; • Europeans' opinions about some specific measures to improve travel within cities; • Europeans' expectations for traffic improvements within cities and their opinions of who is responsible for these improvements.
This survey analyses the current state of Europe's SMEs, as well those in neighbouring countries and in the US, in what concerns their presence in green markets and their resource efficiency actions.
Topics covered include: • Compliance with environmental legislation, • Current and future resource efficiency actions, • Barriers to resource efficiency, • The role and impact of policy in supporting green business initiatives, • The current state of the green markets.
This survey was conducted to examine EU rail passengers’ satisfaction with domestic rail services, including trains themselves, railway stations and accessibility for people with reduced mobility. 55% of Europeans are satisfied with rail services tested in their country. However, too few Europeans take the train: even though 83% of Europeans live within 30 minutes of a station, only 36% take intercity trains at least several times per year, and even fewer people use suburban trains.
This survey is part of a longitudinal series which examines Europeans’ awareness of and their attitudes towards EU Regional Policy.
It begins by asking respondents whether they have heard about any EU co-financed projects and, if so, whether they believe those projects have had a positive or negative impact. Respondents are then asked about their familiarity with the two of the EU’s key regional funds, and whether they have benefitted personally from an EU-funded project.
The survey then looks at priorities for the EU Regional Policy from the citizen perspective and about who citizens' consider best placed to take decisions about regional investments, before finally looking at European Territorial cooperation programmes and two EU macro-regional strategies, in the Baltic Sea and Danube river regions.
The eradication of poverty is the ultimate objective of EU development policy and with this in mind the EU is committed to achieving the UN’s eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs); these goals define global targets such as achieving primary education for all children, overcoming hunger or improving access to clean drinking water. With the Millennium Development Goals due to expire in 2015, a global debate is now underway about the framework which should replace them. This survey tests, among other things, the views of Europeans on the importance of development aid, on their personal commitment to helping the poor in the world and on their general awareness of extreme poverty.
Traineeships are very helpful in ensuring smooth education-to-work transitions, but only if they provide a solid learning content and safe working conditions. This survey seeks to provide a picture about the quality of traineeships in the EU. It looks at young people's personal traineeship experiences including the existence of learning objectives, the availability of a mentor, the working conditions, the existence of a written traineeship agreement, the length of the traineeship, as well as eventual pay remuneration and/or compensation. The survey also attempts to estimate the share of transnational traineeships.
The results confirm that while the majority of traineeships is either of good or acceptable quality, almost one in three is substandard either in terms of learning content or working conditions. Furthermore, a large share of young people have to do several traineeships before finding a job. As for the transnational dimension, only one in ten traineeships takes place abroad.
A new Eurobarometer survey shows that Internet users remain very concerned about cyber security: Almost nine out of ten avoid disclosing personal information online and 76% agree that the risk of becoming a victim of cybercrime has increased in the past year. This Eurobarometer, covering over 27 000 people in all EU member states, follows a previous survey from 2012 (Special EB 390).
This survey seeks to understand citizens’ perceptions of justice within their own countries and the EU as a whole. It looks at citizens’ personal experiences of the justice system in their country and how well informed they feel about the justice system, as well as the level of trust they have in it and whether they think their national system is better or worse than in other Member States. The survey focuses as well the functioning of courts in civil, commercial, administrative and in criminal cases.
The survey was carried out in the 28 EU-Member States in early October 2013. Some 26,581 respondents from different social and demographic groups were interviewed via telephone.
This Special Eurobarometer on Antimicrobial Resistance seeks to measure the use of antibiotics among EU citizens in the 28 Member States and their level of knowledge about the nature and effectiveness of antibiotics and the risks associated with unnecessary use. Furthermore, it seeks to determine the impact of antibiotic awareness campaigns on the knowledge and behaviour in the area.
The results reveal a modest positive evolution since the first survey taken in 2009: 35% of respondents say they have taken antibiotics in the past year, which represents a 5% decrease since the 2009 survey. 2% fewer people took antibiotics against flu in 2013 (18% vs 20%), and more people are aware that antibiotics do not kill viruses than in 2009 (40% vs 36%).
This survey addresses European citizens’ general attitudes towards science and technology, in particular, their interest and level of information on science and technology, the level of involvement that they think they should have in decisions about science and technology, the role of ethics in research and the issue of providing open access to research results.
For this survey carried out in early October 2013, some 15 000 respondents across the 17 euro area countries were interviewed by phone. Citizens replied to a set of questions focusing on issues ranging from perception and practical aspects of the euro to their assessment of the economic situation, policy and reforms in their country and in the euro area. In addition, citizens were asked about their views and expectations regarding household income and inflation. The economic and financial crisis notwithstanding, respondents' overall assessment of the euro for their own country continues on the positive trend of recent years, with the public perception in this regard at its second highest since the introduction of the survey in 2002. A clear majority also sees the euro as good for the EU as a whole. There are nevertheless important differences between the 17 countries.
Almost nine out of ten Europeans believe that biodiversity loss – the decline and possible extinction of animal species, flora and fauna, natural habitats and ecosystems in Europe – is a problem. The latest survey on Biodiversity indicates that familiarity with the term "biodiversity" has increased in 18 Member States compared with the previous survey in 2010. A considerable majority of Europeans – 65 % – totally agree that the EU should increase the areas where nature is protected in Europe. More than seven out of ten also totally agree that the EU should better inform citizens about the importance of biodiversity.
The current Eurobarometer survey follows on from the 2007 research, exploring and measuring how EU citizens think and behave in the area of culture. Importantly, some of these results can be compared against those measured in the previous survey, enabling changes between 2007 and 2013 in the cultural approaches of EU citizens to be mapped.
The Special Eurobarometer on social climate monitors perceptions of the economic situation of households, of the national economy and social protection. It covers 15 areas, e.g. personal financial situation, affordability of housing, health care provision, the way national governments address inequalities and poverty and the perceived changes to the cost of living. This is the 5th wave following the 1st conducted in 2009 (Special EB 315), the 2nd in 2010 (Special EB 349), the 3rd in 2011 (Special EB 370) and the 4th in 2012 (Special EB 391). The EU27 social climate index went down slightly in 2013 to reach the lowest figure since 2009, masking substantial differences between Member States.
For this survey, 41.000 people have been interviewed in 78 cities and 4 urban agglomerations. Via a range of questions, citizens were asked to express their views on the various dimensions of urban life. How do they assess the quality of services such as public transport, health care, education, cultural and sport facilities? Do they consider migration as an asset for their city? How do they perceive job availability or affordable housing in their cities? Are people satisfied with the place they live, the life they lead, or the financial situation of their household?
The Internal Market is a cornerstone of the European Union and it remains an ongoing project. While many barriers to integration have been removed since 1993, some obstacles still remain, especially in the provision of services. The barriers remain higher in some Member States than in others. By assessing public perceptions of these outstanding obstacles, this survey aims to contribute to their eventual removal. The main objectives of this study are to examine experiences of and attitudes towards cross border online shopping; experience of cross-border work; attitudes towards regulated professions; and attitudes towards the financial crisis.
This Flash survey examines EU citizens' knowledge of green products and their reasons for buying, or not buying them. The behaviour change analysis suggests that actions on the price gap between green and non-green products as well as on how green products are presented in shops should be prioritised to change consumers’ behaviour and convert them into regular buyers of green products. Moreover, even if most people are willing to consider environmental factors when making purchases, only few feel fully informed. In particular, only just over half of EU citizens trust producers' claims about the environmental performance of their products, and a majority of EU citizens do not trust companies' reports on their own environmental performance.
The survey provides a picture of the retailers' awareness of and compliance with their legal obligations towards consumers. In addition, it gives information on cross-border sales, complaints handling and safety issues.
The survey examines distance and cross-border shopping and EU citizens' perceptions regarding various aspects of consumer protection. It also presents data on knowledge of consumers' legislation, unfair commercial practices, environmental impact and purchasing decisions.
Intangible assets are increasingly recognised as playing an important role in the growth of developed economies, although their impact has been identified as difficult to quantify. This survey was designed to explore companies' investment in a range of intangible assets such as training, software development, reputation and branding, or research and development. It provides useful information on the kinds of intangibles companies invest in, whether internal or external resources are used, as well as the incentives and barriers to investing in intangible assets.
This survey analyses young EU citizens' involvement with organisations such as sports clubs, NGOs and political parties, as well as their experience of democratic life. Four in ten of those surveyed do not currently take part in any such organisations. Almost three in ten say they are certain to vote in the 2014 European Parliament elections, whereas just over a third say they are unlikely to vote. Those who participate in youth-related organisations are more likely to vote.
Do citizens think companies are a force for good, or bad? What do citizens of the EU and other major economies think about the efforts companies of different sizes and sectors make to behave in a responsible way? Part of the European Commission’s policy on corporate social responsibility, this survey answers these and other key questions about citizen perceptions of the influence companies have on society. After an analysis at EU level the results are compared to the results from other countries including the US, China, Brazil, India, and Turkey.
European citizenship does not replace citizenship of a Member State. Instead it supplements these rights and responsibilities, and includes electoral rights. This survey investigates the knowledge of EU citizens on their voting rights - in particular the right to vote for and to stand as a candidate for European and municipal elections in the state in which the person resides. Opinions are also expressed about voting rights for non-national EU citizens residing in other EU countries and ways to increase voter participation in European Parliament elections.
This survey commissioned by EuropeAid on International Women Day looks into the perceptions of Europeans concerning the role of gender in the developing world. Europeans were asked about their views on the impact of gender equality on societies and the potential impact of women in positions of power or influence. Questions were also posed on whether the adverse conditions affect men and women differently or not.
Tourism is close to the hearts of Europeans and remains a powerful driver for the economy. The Eurobarometer survey on the attitudes of Europeans towards tourism provides a detailed insight of Europeans' tourism preferences in 2012 - including favourite destinations, reasons for travelling and booking methods - and anticipates travelling trends for 2013.
How can European citizens make their voices heard? This Eurobarometer survey examines the extent of their participation in the democratic process, at local, regional, national and EU level, as well as the effectiveness of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in channelling citizens' concerns. The survey also assesses the degree to which Europeans believe they can influence political decision-making through personal actions such as voting in elections, signing petitions, participating in debates and expressing their views with their elected representatives.
This survey was undertaken to provide the baseline for an EU information campaign on consumer rights in Romania. It aims to measure consumer problems in some specific sectors, perceived knowledge and interest in consumer rights, as well as familiarity with sources of information on consumer rights, previous consumer rights campaigns and trust in organisations and institutions.
This Eurobarometer survey investigates how familiar Europeans are with their status as European citizens. It also gauges their understanding of the rights conferred by EU citizenship. Respondents were asked about their evaluation of the economic benefits that freedom of movement within the Union brings. The survey brings also information about the desired forms of consular protection that embassies of EU countries should provide in the non-EU states.
112 is the EU-wide emergency number. The present survey found that EU citizens remained in general unfamiliar with this number, with just over a quarter (27%) correctly identifying 112 as the number to call anywhere in the EU in the event of an emergency. There has been only a slight increase in Europeans' awareness of the single emergency number 112 over the past 6 years. On the positive side, the awareness of those who travel between Member States is higher (39%).
This survey contributes to the Commission’s 2012 Review of REACH, providing information on the general public’s perception and understanding of chemical substances, as well as attitudes towards their safety and awareness of regulations. The target sample size in most countries was 1,000 interviews; in total, 25,557 interviews were conducted.
The Flash Eurobarometer 354 "Entrepreneurship in the EU and beyond" informs on public attitudes on various issues leading to entrepreneurship, such as entrepreneurial education, risk-taking, start-ups, obstacles to entrepreneurship and business failures. It also compares these attitudes with other non-EU countries, such as Switzerland, Norway, Turkey and Israel and also the US, Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Korea.
This survey looks into public attitudes towards EU air quality policy. Amongst other issues, it explores how the public perceives the changes in air quality in the latest decade and how air quality affects peoples' health. It identifies main threats and solutions to air-related problems, and points to which energy and transport systems are more environmentally friendly from an air quality perspective. The survey also investigates public views on the possible need for stronger EU legislation to improve air quality.

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Last update: 28/02/2014 | Top