In northern Sweden, some 150km inside the Arctic Circle where winter temperatures can fall to -45c, it's thaw season. Futuris went to meet a group of biologists studying the basic mechanisms used by plants to survive in this challenging ecosystem.And the variety of colours of their flowers is one of those survival mechanisms as pollinating insects are attracted by their colours.
As Europe's population ages, cancer has become the leading cause of death. Therapeutic targeting - changing the activity of a protein or nucleic acid with a stimulus - is of limited use because of the complexity of cancer: changes take place within the tumour cell itself, but also in the cell's microenvironment. An EU-funded project will increase understanding of cancer progression and provide the basis for new, targeted approaches.
Using a range of new technologies, EU-funded researchers are on a mission to create greener ships. They plan to cut fuel use and CO2 emissions by 25%, and other emissions (sulphur oxide, nitrogen oxide, particulate matter) by 100%.
EU-funded PhD programme INCIPIT is pooling expertise from different research institutes and non-academic partners, providing innovative training and transferable skills to researchers in the fields of life and biomaterial sciences.
How can we explore the inside of a volcano? What are the conditions in caverns deep beneath the earth surface?
FET Open project Phoenix seeks to get information about places where humans have no or only extremely difficult access
What do research on personalised medicine, work towards safer aircraft, understanding turbulence and unravelling the structure of matter have in common? They all require high performance computing (HPC). An EU-funded project is creating the experts we will need to find the answers to these and other global questions using HPC.
EU-funded project SEPCELL will conduct a clinical trial of a stem cell treatment for patients with severe sepsis caused by a severe form of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. The trial is one of a series of steps in assessing whether the treatment is safe and efficacious for patients with this life-threatening disease.
The sudden earthquakes that hit the headlines can be catastrophic. However, much slower ruptures release energy more safely. An EU-funded researcher is identifying how these little-understood slow ruptures occur, their precursory signals and how they are linked to fast earthquakes - information that could one day help develop early warning systems.
Nanocarriers are tiny substances that can be used to transport other materials, such as drugs, to specific areas of the body. The EU-funded TARGETCARE project plans to use them to treat joint and intervertebral disc diseases - improving patients' mobility and quality of life.