Looking for a novel way to visualise the ocean? Think fish. Arrays of sensitive cells on their skin — so-called lateral lines — enable them to perceive water movements by detecting subtle changes in pressure. The LAKHSMI project is developing new monitoring and imaging technology based on this principle.
An archaeological project has challenged assumptions that the Early Iron Age wine trade was simply a coastal activity. Through analysis of ancient wine containers found in Central Europe, an EU-funded researcher has asserted that early European trade was more complex than previously thought.
The TIME SCALE project is investigating the feasibility of growing food crops in space and whether this might provide astronauts with long-term supplies of food and oxygen. The findings could lay the foundations for a manned mission to Mars and also lead to more sustainable production back on Earth.
To ensure food and energy security for today’s growing populations, governments increasingly turn to earth observation. Remotely-sensed data can provide valuable information on crops, livestock, woodlands and fires. Innovative, EU-funded research partnerships helped reinforce African capacities in this area.
Case studies carried out in Europe and Latin America as part of the EU-funded POLICYMIX project have shed new light on how the right mix of forest governance policies can help to conserve biodiversity and boost local economies.
Outdoor electronic display screens could soon blend better into urban landscapes – and resist damage from weather and vandals better than current versions. Technology from an EU-funded project displays digital images through a concrete surface, to integrate low-maintenance signage into buildings and street structures.
Using sensors on board platforms such as satellites and advanced modelling systems, EU-funded researchers have quantified the impact of future energy use on the environment. Their headline conclusion? That we can go further than the EU goal of increasing renewable energy’s contribution to global supply to 80% by 2050.
Liver disease is one of the leading causes of death in Egypt – second only to cardiac disease – and accounts for almost 10% of overall mortality in the country. To make headway in this area of research, two Egyptian and two EU-based partners joined forces in an EU-funded project that also highlighted the importance of the business side of science.
An EU-funded project has shown that high-resolution fluorescence microscopy allows doctors to make a diagnosis on whether cancer is present or not from tiny samples. This means smaller needles can be used for extracting the samples, with less side effects for patients.
EU-funded researchers have developed a compact portable lab that can deliver fast and accurate diagnosis of bacterial infection, in particular blood poisoning in infants. Huge markets in several application areas await the results of final clinical testing due next year.