Nine Centres of Excellence (CoEs) for computing applications are now running. They will help strengthen Europe's existing leadership in HPC (high-performance computing) applications and cover important areas like renewable energy, materials modelling and design, molecular and atomic modelling, climate change, Global System science, and bio-molecular research, and tools to improve HPC applications performance.
In war, there are rules - but sometimes countries decide that they don't apply. Colonial campaigns, for example, were often seen as exceptions. EU-funded research is studying several fought over a century ago. Ancient history? Hardly. Many aspects of this troubled past remain relevant to current debates as the world attempts to tackle terrorism.
By redesigning the car interior and harnessing the latest electronic technologies, EU-funded scientists are designing and developing an affordable and user-friendly electric vehicle specifically for Europe's ageing population. A prototype should be ready in 2018.
Dendritic cells are a type of white blood cell. By studying them, an EU-funded project aims to provide wider insights into the role of the immune system in the development of cancer. The insights provided by the project could eventually help researchers develop new ways to fight a range of cancers - helping to save lives.
Hydrogen has the highest mass energy density of any fuel, making it an extremely effective medium for energy storage and distribution. As Europe deploys more renewable capacity, from vast wind farms to roof-top solar arrays, hydrogen is set to be an essential integrator, harnessing excess power generation, balancing intermittent supply and demand, and ultimately helping support a clean, efficient and sustainable energy system.
Trials in cities around the world have demonstrated that fuel-cell passenger buses can cut emissions and noise pollution while providing good quality public transport. New EU-funded projects could double Europe’s fleet of hydrogen buses – reducing vehicle and infrastructure costs per bus to boost take-up of the technology.
A clean revolution is quietly taking place on Europe’s roads. Hydrogen fuel cells are powering fleets of public buses and refuelling stations are being deployed. Building on the results of several pilot projects, uptake of the technology is accelerating rapidly, putting hydrogen fuel cells in a position to underpin zero-emissions transport Europe-wide.
Nuclear fusion could be the perfect solution to the world's energy problems - but first, we have to work out how to produce fusion power cost-effectively. Research is getting closer, and the advances it is delivering could also be useful in other areas. An EU-funded project has highlighted the potential of technology transfers to industry.