Bauxite residue - the by-product from the extraction of aluminium from bauxite ore - has the consistency of thick, red mud. Disposing of this waste poses a serious problem for industry, as does the risk of spills. But red mud can also be a source of critical metals. The REDMUD project intends to turn residues into low-carbon building materials - and to train researchers along the way.
The EU-funded LONGPOP project will train young researchers in the skills needed to fully exploit big data. With a focus on social change, the researchers will be able to apply the knowledge and techniques learnt to helping welfare systems prepare for the years ahead.
Language, reasoning and learning are abilities powered by the neocortex, the folded grey matter on the outside of the brain. But how does its neuronal circuitry actually handle information? Using the example of syntax processing, new EU-funded research is exploring the physiological underpinnings of human cognition.
VIVOIMAG aims to develop a new contrast agent to improve visibility and enable the real-time evaluation of bone grafts using existing scanning and imaging techniques. Such innovation could, in the future, have a substantial impact on the medical field of tissue regeneration.
As Europe's population ages, cancer has become the leading cause of death. Therapeutic targeting - changing the activity of a protein or nucleic acid with a stimulus - is of limited use because of the complexity of cancer: changes take place within the tumour cell itself, but also in the cell's microenvironment. An EU-funded project will increase understanding of cancer progression and provide the basis for new, targeted approaches.
EU-funded PhD programme INCIPIT is pooling expertise from different research institutes and non-academic partners, providing innovative training and transferable skills to researchers in the fields of life and biomaterial sciences.
What do research on personalised medicine, work towards safer aircraft, understanding turbulence and unravelling the structure of matter have in common? They all require high performance computing (HPC). An EU-funded project is creating the experts we will need to find the answers to these and other global questions using HPC.
Nanocarriers are tiny substances that can be used to transport other materials, such as drugs, to specific areas of the body. The EU-funded TARGETCARE project plans to use them to treat joint and intervertebral disc diseases - improving patients' mobility and quality of life.
Many areas worldwide struggle with high levels of arsenic in the water supply. Scientists from Argentina - where several regions are affected - are collaborating with European colleagues to find solutions in the context of an EU-funded project. Together, they intend to develop a low-cost system to produce safe drinking water for people and livestock.