Cargo vessels are considered a relatively green mode of transport. Compared to lorries, they produce fewer emissions. But road transport is modernising fast and vessels have to keep up to remain competitive.
Control, communication, cyber security - the development of a flexible, real-time, intelligent rail traffic management and decision support system will involve innovation in these and many other areas. An EU-funded project dedicated to signalling and automation systems is helping to advance the necessary R&D.
School meals don't matter only to kids and their parents. Like other services within the scope of public sector food procurement, they also matter economically. Determination to source produce locally and sustainably can make all the difference to a region's farmers, as can labels protecting its specialities. An EU-funded project is connecting the dots.
Cyclists suffer a disproportionately high share of road accident injuries and fatalities. Through a combination of detection technologies, warning systems, information display and cooperation systems aimed at reducing collisions, EU-funded researchers are planning to cut fatality figures and make cycling safer.
Future urban mobility will require more space for people and environmentally friendly vehicles, and less space for cars. L-category vehicles such as motorbikes and mopeds could be part of the solution, but potential users are put off by high prices.
In a bid to achieve problem-free and proactive mobility solutions for transport, the EU-funded OPTIMUM project is developing IT systems to monitor, gather and analyse multi-source big data on transportation behaviours. This will improve transit, freight transportation and congestion levels throughout Europe.
To increase the uptake of electric vehicles in European urban areas, the EU-funded WEEVIL project is developing a light three-wheeler that meets users' expectations in terms of comfort, driving experience, innovation and affordability.
Using a range of new technologies, EU-funded researchers are on a mission to create greener ships. They plan to cut fuel use and CO2 emissions by 25%, and other emissions (sulphur oxide, nitrogen oxide, particulate matter) by 100%.
Research shows that many people are put off buying an electric vehicle because of their limited operating range - the distance that they can travel before they need charging. An EU-funded project is tackling one of the functions reducing range by consuming energy: interior heating and cooling.