DEVAPPRENT - Development of apprenticeship in Lithuania referring to experience from Germany, France, UK and Netherlands

5 Participating countries:
Project Reference: DE/10/LLP-LdV/TOI/147320
Part of :

Education and training\Life long learning (2007-2013)\LEONARDO DA VINCI\Multilateral projects on Innovation

Summary

Although the apprenticeship concept has been recently introduced by the law concerning Vocational Education and Training in Lithuania, there was still a lack of institutional, methodical implementation procedures and measures to facilitate the effective establishment and functioning of an apprenticeship system in practice in Lithuania. Lithuania does not have strong traditions of apprenticeship, so there was a lack of know-how and experience in organizing apprenticeships, a lack of know-how in the field of applied training methods and a shortage of required competence among the potential tutors of apprentices. There was equally limited experience of social partnership and cooperation between social partners and other stakeholders in the organization, provision and financing of apprenticeships – and taking coalescing Europe as a matter of fact it is quite obvious, that development of apprenticeship should respect the state of the art in other countries. The project DEVAPPRENT developed guidelines for the implementation of effective apprenticeship practices in Lithuania; respecting the two main criteria of policy learning:
* Transferability of the proposed developments
* Adaptability of the receiving VET-system
Guidelines were tested with success in paramedics and are now used as the basis for the development of apprenticeship in other Lithuanian sectors like the construction sector. They are a promising bottom-up complement to legislative measures; not only in Lithuania but also in other countries with developable apprenticeship systems. Guidelines were not only presented and discussed in the partner countries – but also in Latvia, Spain, Azerbaijan and the region of Kaliningrad.

Results

Description

DEVAPPRENT aimed at developing apprenticeship within the school-based VET-system of Lithuania. We have chosen the methodological approach of “policy learning“; main references were the innovations and developments in four reference countries (Germany, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom) with established apprenticeship (sub-)systems.
The first step was a survey on the preconditions as well as on the zone of proximal development of apprenticeship in Lithuania and the analysis of practice and innovations in the four reference countries. Besides the respective national reports the first milestone reached was a comparative report on the apparent good practice in the benchmark countries; this report is available in the download-section. It does not refer to the preconditions or needs of Lithuania – thus it might be the basis for developing apprenticeship in other, especially CEE, countries, too. Next step was the synthesis of Lithuanian preconditions and potentials with the comparative report just mentioned in terms of recommendations; those include additionally possible scenarios for the future landscape of the Lithuanian VET-system. Recommendations are structured following the eight most important dimensions of developing apprenticeship highlighted by our Lithuanian partners:
* Stakeholder and social partner roles
* Quality control in apprenticeship training
* Funding of apprenticeship
* Development of the legal basis of apprenticeship
* Curriculum design of apprenticeship training
* Promotion of apprenticeship and enrolment of apprentices
* Organisation of training
* Assessment of learning outcomes
One of the main features, avoiding the neo-colonialist trap, was that recommendations consist of a zone, where development is possible – not of concrete measures to be undertaken. Recommendations were presented on several workshops in Lithuania and were tested in an exemplary apprenticeship programme in the sector of paramedics. In general the feedback and the conclusions were very positive, as one of the Lithuanian stakeholder outlined:
“The DEVAPPRENT guidelines provide high quality background research that helps generate legitimacy for the key features and direction of future development of apprenticeship system in Lithuania.”
Besides this fruitful impact of the project in Lithuania and the promising interest of VET-stakeholders in other countries in the methods of DEVAPPRENT two (at least potentially) tenuous aspects should be mentioned:
1. The approach is eclectic. Recommendations do not follow a coherent model or system but deliver an orientation-framework basing on policies of systems so different such as the German and the British. We considered this methodological aspect as not that important, due to the general approach of setting up a zone of development, not to propose or recommend measures to be implemented.
2. Projects partners do not believe in exporting respective importing elements of VET-systems from one cultural and educational background to another – but this does not imply that we are free of pedagogical or educational beliefs. If the Lithuanian stakeholders state in their critical analysis of the recommendations on the legal basis of apprenticeship: “The absence or weakness of this matching [of stakeholders’ interests] due to lack of interest, capabilities and responsibility of stakeholders creates serious obstacles for establishing and implementing comprehensive models of contractual and regulatory arrangements, similar to those in Germany, France and the Netherlands. [] [and] Open and liberal model of apprenticeship contracting in the UK at first glance presents a more adaptable case of policy learning for the implementation and development of apprenticeship in Lithuania.“ – are we confronted with the dilemmatic situation of being -potentially- pathfinders of neo-liberal approaches in VET. But we hope, that the advised “Financial and fiscal measures of support to the activities o...


Other data
Other data
Url:
Typology: Product 9 - Websites, databases
Description

Despite the fact, that the apprenticeship concept has been recently introduced by the law concerning Vocational Education and Training in Lithuania in 2007, there is a lack of institutional, methodical implementation procedures and measures which would permit an effective establishment and functioning of the apprenticeship in Lithuania.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
1_Preconditions_Lithuania.pdf
ex_sum_WP2_LT.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

Apprenticeship in France: Institutional patterns, organisation and methods; a close insight into historical development, actual practice and expected future improvements


Other data
Url:
File(s):
2_Apprenticeship_France.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

Apprenticeship in Germany: Institutional patterns, organisation and methods; a close insight into historical development, actual practice and expected future improvements.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
3_Apprenticeship_Germany.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

Apprenticeship in the UK: Institutional patterns, organisation and methods; a close insight into historical development, actual practice and expected future improvements.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
4_Apprenticeship_UK.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

Apprenticeship in the Netherlands: Institutional patterns, organisation and methods; a close insight into historical development, actual practice and expected future improvements.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
5_Apprenticeship_Netherlands.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

The folder gives a short but comprehensive insight into project approch, aims and methods.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
8_folder.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

One of the key products:
The approach to exploring scope for transfer of good practice entails two aspects. First, there is the extent to which a practice might be transferable from a benchmark country and secondly there is the extent to which it can be adopted in the receiving country. Both aspects are strongly influenced by the similarities and differences in context between the benchmark and receiving countries. This report is concerned with the first notion of transferability, while the next stage, of creating Guidelines proposing aspects of a system of apprenticeship in Lithuania, is concerned more with the receptiveness of the destination country to adopting particular initiatives.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
deva_comp_DE-final.pdf
deva_comp_EN_final.pdf
deva_comp_LT_final.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

The second key product:
Guidelines for Development of Apprenticeship in the VET system of Lithuania basing on apprenticeship experiences in the dual VET model of Germany, company based training in the UK, VET model of the Netherlands characterised by the market orientation combined with the strong social partnership and the experience of the apprenticeship development in the school based and rather centralised VET model of France.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
Guide_DE.pdf
Guide_EN.pdf
Guide_LT.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

Presentation including feedback from an audience of more than 50 experts, available in German only


Other data
Url:
File(s):
deva_steyr.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

documentation of the seminar in Lithuania, language: Lithuanian


Other data
Url:
File(s):
6a_doc.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

testing of the material developed in an experimental apprenticeship course


Other data
Url:
File(s):
12_Training_Course.pdf
Typology: Product 2 - Handbooks, manuals, other training tools
Description

Revised edition of the comparative report of apparent good practice in apprenticeship in DE, UK, FR and NL and guidelines for developing apprenticeship in LT


Other data
Url:
File(s):
9d_book_EN.pdf
9e_book_LT.pdf
9f_book_DE.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.

Coordinator

Institut Technik und Bildung, Universität Bremen

Am Fallturm 1, 28359, Bremen
bremer@uni-bremen.de
++49 421 218 66340
++49 421 218 66340


Partners

Universite de Strasbourg
Blaise Pascal 4, Strasbourg


Groupe ESC Toulouse
Boulevard Lascrosses 20, Toulouse


Talentis BV
Taalstraat 19, Vught


unionlearn
Congress House Great Russell Street London WC1B 3LS, London


Kauno Pramonės, prekybos ir amatų rūmai
K. Donelaičio g. 8, Kaunas


Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
K. Donelaičio 58, Kaunas


Disclaimer

The European Commission is not responsible for any uploaded or submitted content. Such content expresses the views of its author(s) only.