Perspective Future: One year vocational qualification Hamburg Model (Perspektive Zukunft: Einjährige Berufsqualifizierung)

6 Participating countries:
Project Reference: DE/13/LLP-LdV/TOI/147613
Part of :

Education and training\Life long learning (2007-2013)\LEONARDO DA VINCI\Multilateral projects on Innovation

Summary

In individual countries up to 15 % of school leavers cannot begin professional education, they have to stay in long queues or do not obtain professional education and quickly end in unemployment. Up to 30 % of young people which begin vocational training abandon it completely or change the profession. At the same time, SMEs complain about lack of qualified personnel. In the most of the countries of the Baltic Sea Region, there exists a very high rate of unemployment among young people, especially in the countries with school-based vocational training.
The implementation and the strengthening of dual vocational training make a crucial contribution to the problem-solving. In Hamburg within the dual system the model of a one-year professional qualification for young people with special educational needs was developed and successfully implemented; this model integrates young people in to the vocational education better, makes the choice of the profession more certain, decreases drop-out rates and very clearly increases the chances at the labour market. The one-year professional qualification can be acknowledged as the first year of training. The training in the regular dual system can be after the one year continued.
After the further development and adaptation to country-specific conditions the Hamburg Model was introduced in Vilnius and Budapest, where the predominantly school-based vocational training dominates. Thus, in connection the system and experiences of the German dual vocational training were transferred and general initiations supported. In order to promote further implementations of the Hamburg Model and introduction of the dual system, to achieve high sustainability and broad effect, Baltic Sea Academy - network of 17 universities and Hanse-Parlament serve as permanent developers, promoters and consultants.
The main objectives of the project were:
a) Implementation of the Hamburg Model in SMEs to support the integration of young people with special educational needs in the vocational training, to reduce drop-out rates, to improve qualifications as well as chances at the labour market and therefore to reduce unemployment among young people.
b) Transfer of dual vocational training and support of implementation
c) Transfer of all the project results securing high sustainability of the achievements.

Results

Description

Objectives and Results
The existing Hamburg Model, the one-year professional qualification, within the framework of the dual system for the integration of young people was adapted to the conditions in Lithuania and Hungary, where it was piloted, and transferred in the countries with predominantly school-based vocational training. The following objectives and results were set and achieved:

1. During the project lifetime the Hamburg Model was tested by two vocational schools: Vilnius Builder Trainings Center, Lithuania and by Kontiki, Budapest; in Budapest in the professions: bricklayer and tiler, painter/decorator, dry builder and in Vilnius in the specialisation - building insulation. In both countries the piloting phase was a great success.
During the implementation both partners undertook numerous dissemination activities to inform and involve other stakeholders at all levels. The results of this are remarkable. In Hungary, for example, the Hamburg Model and the experience gained in the practical implementation were intensively transferred to other vocational training providers and consulted with them. The consultations with the schools that are interested in the adaptation of the Hamburg Model in the next school year (2015/2016), were quite successful. Two schools have already informed bindingly that they will adapt the Hamburg Model in the next school year. With more schools that are very interested in the discussions continue.
In Lithuania, in the new Labour Code, the draft of which has been proposed lately, apprenticeship (dual training) is recognized as a form of working contract. It can be considered as an essential step in facilitating and formalizing the work-based learning. During project life time, the partners from Lithuania had numerous meetings and consultations with the representatives from the Ministry of Science and Education during which they stressed the importance of this type of learning for Lithuanian VET.

2. Young people who cannot pass vocational training directly after leaving general educational schools enter it due to the methods of Hamburg Model within one year. The targeted figures thereby generally are: a) at least 70 % of participants should start a regular vocational training after one year at the latest; b) max. 30 % of participants should start an organization-supported vocational training with further financing after one year at the latest. These results were achieved and even exceeded in the piloting phase.

3. The one-year professional education to integrate young people in vocational training has the advantage that up to 75 % of the training contents are imparted in a company and only about 25 % in a vocational school. This dual vocational education principle supports young people strongly who especially have difficulties obtaining only theoretical knowledge in a school. The vocational education in dual system demonstrably shows lower unemployment rates of young people who are better integrated in the working life and thus the unemployment among young people is reduced sustainably.

4. Through the intensive interlocking between school and SMEs as well as thanks to the higher part of the practical education the quality of vocational training increased and the needs and qualification requirements of the working world can be better met.

5. The successful implementation of this model improved the integration of young people in Lithuania and Hungary. The need of introduction of the Hamburg Model was recognised in other countries. Partners from Hungary, Latvia and Poland prepared feasibility studies for this. Besides the intensive exchange of experiences actively promoted the ongoing reform processes in the educational policy of the individual participating countries.


Other data
Description

The concept content presents the one-year qualification in dual system, Hamburg Model, with all the needed information to be adapted and implemented in other countries, starting with the requirements to be fullfilled and ending with examination regulations.


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Description

The concept content presents the one-year qualification in dual system, Hamburg Model, to be adapted and implemented in other countries as well as introduces the system of the vocational education in Hamburg, Germany.


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Url:
File(s):
Result No. 1 Concept Hamburger Modell EN.pdf
Typology: Product 4 - New curricula and qualifications
Description

This report analyses the educational needs in the countries of the Baltic Sea Region, especially the current socio-economic situation and its effects on the labour markets in the furture as well as gives comprehensive overview on educational markets and national educational systems in the Baltic Sea Region.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
Dual system of Vocational training in Germany.pdf
Labour and educational market analyses in BSR.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

The in-depth report on vocational training in Germany describes the vocational training system including such points like financing of the dual system, reasons for companies to take part as trainings centers in the VET system, strengths and weaknesses, finalising with theses on consequences for Baltic Sea Region.


Other data
Url:
File(s):
Result No. 2 Vocational training Germany.pdf
Typology: Product 8 - Material productions out of events/projects: publications, CD-Rom, CDs, DVD, tapes, artistic products etc.
Description

The reports from Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Hungary contain on the one hand common information on vocational education in the respective country and on the other feasibility studies on introduction of Hamburg Model or dual vocational system on the national level.


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Description

Flyers give a brief information on dual vocational training, Hamburg Model, outlines the reasons for participation in the training for students as well as for enterprises.


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Description

In both concepts the implementing partners from Lithuania and Hungary adapt the Hamburg Model and the practice of target oriented methodology in the dual vocational education with concrete principles: target group, scope of implementation, minimum requirements, examination regulations, admission and contents of the training etc. Both concepts give an good example for adapting a new methodology to the needs and options in the countries.


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Description

The project manual contains not only program of the Hamburg Model but also the implementatoin concepts, feasibility studies in different countries, evaluation reports of the piloting phase and country-wide strategy concepts.


Other data
File(s):
Manual Hamburg Model.pdf
Typology: Product 4 - New curricula and qualifications
Description

The strategy concepts show a way for sustainable promotion of the Hamburg Model and the dual vocational education and training in Baltic Sea Region countries.


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Coordinator

Hanse-Parlament

Blankeneser Landstrasse 7, 22587, Hamburg
epriedulena@hanse-parlament.eu
040 82 24 47 15
040 82 24 47 22


Partners

Hamburger Institut für Berufliche Bildung
Hamburger Strasse 181, Hamburg


Nordic Crafts Forum
Lilleakerveien 7, Oslo


Latvian Chamber of Crafts
Amatu iela 5, Riga


Hanseatic Academy of Management in Slupsk
ul. Kozietulskiego 6-7, Slupsk


Public Institution Vilnius Builder Training centre
Laisves pr. 53, Vilnius


KONTIKI BERUFSAUSBILDUNGS AG
Pannonia u. 91, Budapest


Craft Chamber of Lodz
ul. Moniuszki 8, Lodz


Baltic Sea Academy
Blankeneser Landstrasse 7, Hamburg


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