Programme Guide Online

Table of contents

Sector Skills Alliances

What are the aims and priorities of a Sector Skills Alliance?

Sector Skills Alliances aim at tackling skills gaps with regard to one or more occupational profiles in a specific sector. They do so by identifying existing or emerging sector-specific labour market needs (demand side), and by enhancing the responsiveness of initial and continuing vocational education and training (VET) systems, at all levels, to the labour market needs (supply side). Drawing on evidence regarding skills needs, Sector Skills Alliances support the design and delivery of transnational vocational training content, as well as teaching and training methodologies for European professional core profiles.

Sector Skills Alliances for strategic sectoral cooperation on skills identify and develop concrete actions to match demand and supply of skills to support the overall sector-specific growth strategy.

This should be achieved through actions aimed at the following objectives:

  • identification of existing and emerging skills needs for professions in specific sectors;
  • strengthening the exchange of knowledge and practice between education and training institutions and the labour market;
  • modernising VET by adapting provision to skills needs; 
  • integrating work-based learning in VET provision, and exploiting its potential to drive economic development and innovation, increasing the competitiveness of the sectors concerned;
  • building mutual trust, facilitating cross-border certification and therefore easing professional mobility in a sector, and increasing recognition of qualifications at European level within a sector;
  • improving skills intelligence and providing a clear strategy and instruments to address skills shortages in specific economic sectors.

 

What is a Sector Skills Alliance?

Sector Skills Alliances are transnational projects identifying or drawing on existing and emerging skills needs in a specific economic sector and/or translating these needs into vocational curricula to respond to those needs.

A particular focus will be on digital skills as they are increasingly important on all job profiles across the entire labour market.

Also, the transition to a circular and greener economy needs to be underpinned by changes to qualifications and national education and training curricula to meet emerging professional needs for green skills.

Projects can achieve these aims by applying to one or several of the following Lots (an organisation can be involved as applicant in several proposals and Lots as long as the proposals address different sectors):

Lot 1: Sector Skills Alliances for skills needs identification will work at sectoral level in order to provide clear and detailed evidence of what the needs and gaps are. This would make it possible to address such gaps through training provision, whether it is VET-based (Lot 2) or other education and training.

Lot 2: Sector Skills Alliances for design and delivery of VET will work to design and deliver common training content for vocational programmes for one or several related profession/s in a sector, as well as teaching and training methodologies. A particular focus is to be put on work-based learning, providing learners with the skills required by the labour market. Lot 2 - Sector Skills Alliances are required to apply EU wide instruments and tools such as the EQF, ECVET, EQAVET.

Lot 3: Sector Skills Alliances for implementing a new strategic approach (Blueprint) to sectoral cooperation on skills: The Blueprint for Sectoral Cooperation on Skills1 is one of the ten actions in the New Skills Agenda for Europe (see description on Europa webpage2). In the current call, the Blueprint will be implemented in six sectors that are experiencing severe skills shortages (see eligibility criteria). Alliances under Lot 3 will support the implementation of the Blueprint by developing a sectoral skills strategy. This strategy has to lead to systemic and structural impact on reducing skills shortages, gaps and mismatches, as well as ensuring appropriate quality and levels of skills to support growth, innovation and competitiveness in the sector. The sectoral skills strategy must include a clear set of activities, milestones and well-defined outputs with the goal to match demand and supply of skills to support the overall sector specific growth strategy. The objectives of Lot 1 (forecasting skills demand) and Lot 2 (responding to identified skills needs through design and delivery of VET) have to be included in the sectoral skills strategy.

In case two or more proposals receive the same score and the available budget is not sufficient to finance all of them, proposals from members of European Sector Skills Councils will be given priority.

 

Which activities are supported under this action?

Each Sector Skills Alliance shall implement a coherent, comprehensive and variable set of interconnected activities which are flexible and adaptable to different current and future labour markets' needs, such as:

 

Lot 1: Sector Skills Alliance for skills needs identification

Defining skills and training provision needs in a given specific economic sector:

  • gathering and interpreting evidence of skills needs on the labour market in a given economic sector, including by drawing on the Skills Panorama (e.g. Cedefop skills forecasts, various survey data, analytical highlights) and, where relevant, on the work of European Sector Skills Councils or previous Sector Skills Alliances;
  • analysing the trends and challenges that shape the sector and its labour market with focus on drivers of change that may influence skills demand and supply in the sector (e.g. automation, demography);
  • based on the above activities, providing a detailed assessment of the current and anticipated skills shortages, gaps and mismatches in the sector (both job specific and soft skills), as well as the need for the review of occupational profiles, indicating the priority in which they should be addressed, on the basis inter alia of their impact on growth and competiveness potential in the sector and on employment (e.g. likely job loss, hard-to-fill vacancies);
  • analysing the potential impact of such skills needs on growth and employment in the sector;
  • analysing major trends affecting closely interrelated sectors, to capture potential spill over effects;
  • identifying needs in terms of training provision, drawing on, where available, the occupational profiles of the classi-fication of ESCO;
  • delivering all relevant EU and/or country level qualitative evidence and quantitative data on skills, employment and economic performance of the sector in an electronic form, in linked open data format, so that it can feed into the Skills Panorama 3.

Lot 2: Sector Skills Alliance for design and delivery of VET

Designing trans-national sector-wide vocational curricula:

  • on the basis of identified skills needs for specific occupation profiles in a given economic sector, identify and design VET curricula or qualification standards (in line with EQF and informed by ESCO), to respond to those needs;
  • translating skill needs into innovative, learning outcome-oriented modular VET programmes and/or qualifications (applying ECVET for designing qualifications composed of units of learning outcomes), to allow for transparency and comparability, taking also into account needs of validation of prior learning (e.g. non-formal or informal);
  • applying quality management to the new training content either by applying the quality assurance principles of EQAVET or by using already existing quality assurance systems which, however, should be in line with EQAVET;
  • integrating periods of work-based learning into the new training content, including opportunities to apply knowledge in practical "real life" workplace situations, and embedding trans national learning experience whenever possible;
  • designing VET provision focusing both on job specific skills as well as on key competences4, soft skills, and STEM disciplines (science, technology, engineering and mathematics), while providing effective opportunities to acquire or develop those competences, particularly in work-related training contexts;
  • promoting relevant VET sectoral qualifications (including trans-national joint programmes awarded by more than one VET provider), and support agreement for their recognition by implementing ECVET principles, and referencing qualifications to NQFs and the EQF as well as other relevant European tools and instruments in the sector con-cerned;
  • increasing recognition of qualifications at European and national level within a sector, by promoting and agreeing on sectoral qualifications, facilitating cross-border certification, and building mutual trust, contributing to increased learner and professional mobility in the sector; 
  • identifying, documenting and promoting successful skills or qualifications related projects and good practices, as well as those fostering multi-stakeholder partnerships, including from other sectors or from outside Europe and make detailed proposals to replicate or scale them up, where relevant; 
  • where relevant, ensure that results of the project are available in open data format so that they could feed into the Skills Panorama and ESCO.

 

Delivering vocational curricula:

  • identifying the most appropriate delivery methodologies for the curricula, using innovative approaches to teaching and learning, as well as a strategic and integrated use of ICTs (e.g. blended learning, simulators, etc.), and open educational resources (e.g. MOOC´s5);
  • identifying ways to implement innovative VET teaching and learning methods to respond to the needs of specific target groups of learners; and through the provision of work-based learning;
  • developing actions to facilitate inter-generational transfer of knowledge within VET;
  • describing the ways in which assessment methodologies and procedures can embed all forms of learning, including work-based learning, and facilitate the validation of skills and competences acquired prior to training; 
  • identifying adequate measures to track learners after completing their training in order to provide "feedback loops"6. These tracking and feedback systems can build on information from companies, learners/employees, as well as public information resources and labour market stakeholders;
  • proposing the appropriate measures for the formal recognition of the new or adapted vocational curricula and qual-ifications in participating countries and in the sector(s) covered;
  • planning the progressive roll-out of project deliverables leading to systemic impact.

Lot 3: Sector Skills Alliances for implementing a new strategic approach (Blueprint) to sectoral cooperation on skills

Sector Skills Alliances under this Lot shall set up sustainable cooperation on skills development between key industry stakeholders in a given sector, education and training providers, and public authorities.

Alliances in this Lot cover the activities of Lot 1 (as appropriate for the sector) and Lot 2. Moreover, they have to cover the following activities:

  • developing a sectoral skills strategy to support the objectives of the established growth strategy for the sector. This strategy should be the first key deliverable of the project, identifying concrete actions and indicating clear set of ac-tivities, milestones and well defined outputs, to suggest how to match demand and supply of skills. The strategy should detail how major trends, such as global, societal, and technological developments in the sector, are likely to affect jobs and skills needs. It should describe the expected timeline and give particular attention to the impact of digital and key enabling technologies;
  • to underpin and illustrate the strategy, identifying, documenting and promoting concrete examples of policies and initiatives at national and regional level aiming at addressing skills shortages and mismatches as well as fostering multi-stakeholder partnerships (e.g. between industry, social partners, education and training, public authorities). Such examples should be presented in the form of fiches, containing a clear description of the policy/project, role and responsibilities of the different stakeholders, duration, funding (where available), and results; 
  • developing a common methodology for assessing the current situation and anticipating future needs as well as monitoring (on a yearly basis) progress and the evolution of the demand and supply of skills based on credible fore-sight scenarios;
  • identifying occupational profiles that need to be revised or created and their corresponding skill needs as well as the required proficiency level, drawing on, where available, the occupational profiles in ESCO and existing compe-tence frameworks7; where relevant, the development of sectoral competence frameworks may be considered; 
  • identifying, describing and indicating priorities for the review or the establishment of new qualifications on the ba-sis of the relevant occupational profiles;
  • fostering the development of concrete solutions in VET provision (including higher VET) as well as business-education-research partnerships;
  • developing concrete solutions to promote mobility of vocational students, jobseekers and trainees across Europe in the sector, capitalising on the use of existing EU tools (e.g. Erasmus+, EURES, Drop'Pin, European Alliance for Ap-prenticeships);
  • developing actions to promote the attractiveness of the sector as a career choice, in particular among the young, while also aiming for a gender balance in the sector; 
  • designing long term action plan for the progressive roll-out of project deliverables after the project has finished. This plan shall be based on sustained partnerships between education and training providers and key industry stakeholders at the appropriate level. It should include the identification of appropriate governance structures, as well as plans for scalability and financial sustainability. It should also ensure the appropriate visibility and wide dis-semination of the work of the Alliance, including at EU and national political level and include details on how the roll-out will be implemented at national and/or regional levels with relevant governmental and sectoral authorities; The action plan shall also indicate how EU funding opportunities (e.g. European Structural Funds, European Fund for Strategic Investment, Erasmus+, COSME, sectoral programmes), as well as national and regional funding can support skills strategies. This should take into account national and regional smart specialisation strategies;
  • delivering all relevant EU and/or country level qualitative evidence and quantitative data according to linked open data format8.

 

What are the essential features of a Sector Skills Alliance?

The key features of Sector Skills Alliances are:

  • Innovation in vocational education and training for specific professions in economic sectors (where available ES-CO9:) and;
  • Impact going beyond the project's lifetime and beyond the organisations involved in the Alliance. It is expected that partnership and activities persist. Changes in VET provision for professional profiles have to be measurable. Results and solutions have to be transferable and accessible to a broader audience. The results of Sector Skills Alliances should become available for use and publication in the EU Skills Panorama. 

 

Sector Skills Alliances have to demonstrate the commitment and added value of all partners. The partners should combine systemic and sector-related information with a solid knowledge of skills needs and training practices in their economic sector. The distribution of tasks and deliveries should show a right match between the partners' expertise and the activities they are in charge of. The partners should be representative in the sector at least at national level, have a European out-reach and expertise or competence in vocational skills anticipation or supply, training, or qualification design.

In Lot 1- Sector Skills Alliances for skills needs identification the identification and definition of future skills needs should be supported by research on labour market needs in the sector. Collaboration between public and private actors on the labour market (such as labour ministries, social partners, training and education providers, labour market intelligence entities, companies including SME’s, chambers of commerce, public and private employment services and national statis-tics offices) should be encouraged to work together to identify and anticipate persistent skills shortages and mismatches at sectoral level and help fill the gap between labour supply and demand. It is important to maximise synergies with other sectoral initiatives.

In Lot 2- Sector Skills Alliances for design and delivery of VET partners will have to interpret existing research evidence on profession-specific skills needs when implementing vocational education and training or designing qualification standards based on a common European professional core profile, drawing, where available on ESCO. Where appropriate, they should base themselves on skills intelligence gathered by "European Sector Skills Councils" and already existing sector skills stud-ies that have been commissioned by the European Commission. The EU Skills Panorama provides a wealth of skills intelli-gence, analyses and studies on professions (occupations) and sectors.

The Alliance should then translate these into innovative, learning outcome-oriented vocational curricula (applying ECVET) which include periods of work-based learning and which should be underpinned by quality assurance mechanisms (in line with EQAVET). The Alliance partners should demonstrate in the proposal what measures they will take in the countries and in the sector covered for the formal recognition (initial vocational education & training) or the certification (continuing vocational training) of the new or adapted vocational curriculum/a and how they will pursue the procedures after EU fund-ing has ended. Career guidance services together with regional or local authorities should play a "facilitator" role in sup-porting the process of skills matching with the planning of vocational curricula in order to attract initial VET schools, young learners or their parents to specific professions with high labour market demand. Sector Skills Alliances are supposed to carry out the proposed activities in a way that maximises the impact on one, or several related, profession/s in a given sector. 

In Lot 3- Sector Skills Alliances for implementing a new strategic approach (Blueprint) to sectoral cooperation on skills in addition to what is outlined for Lot 1 and Lot 2, partners will have to develop a comprehensive and strategic approach encompassing all activities. This strategic approach should be clearly linked to the overall growth strategy of the sector, with a view to support the sector in addressing its most pressing challenges and achieving its medium and long-term goals, including where relevant in terms of growth, innovation, competitiveness and employment. The Alliances will have to take into account and reflect in their work the main policy developments and publications at EU level pertaining to their sector.

 

What is the role of organisations participating in a Sector Skills Alliance?

Applicant/coordinator: a participating organisation that submits the project proposal on behalf of all the partners. The coordinator has the full responsibility to ensure that the project is implemented in accordance with the agreement. Its coordinating covers the following duties:

  • represents and acts on behalf of the Alliance towards the European Commission;
  • bears the financial and legal responsibility for the proper operational, administrative and financial implementation of the entire project;
  • coordinates the Alliance in cooperation with project partners.

 

Full partners: participating organisations which contribute actively to the accomplishment of the Sector Skills Alliance. Each full partner must sign a mandate by which the signatory agrees that the coordinator takes over the above listed duties on behalf of the partnership during the implementation of the project. The same applies for partners from Partner Countries. 

Associated partners (optional): Sector Skills Alliances can involve associated partners who contribute to the activities of the Sector Skills Alliance. They are not subject to contractual requirements because they do not receive funding. However their involvement and role in the project and different work packages have to be clearly described.

Affiliated entities (optional): Organisations which contribute to the achievement of project objectives and activities. Affiliated entities must be identified in the grant application and satisfy the requirements as described in Annex III (Glossary of terms) of this Programme Guide.

 

What are the criteria used to assess a Sector Skills Alliance?

Here below are listed the formal criteria that a Sector Skills Alliance proposal must respect in order to be eligible for an Erasmus+ grant: 

 

Lot 1: Sector Skills Alliances for skills needs identification

Eligibility Criteria for Lot 1

Eligible participating organisations

The following organisations, with its affiliated entities (if any), are eligible to take part in a Lot 1 Alli-ance. They can be public or private organisation established in a Programme Country (see section "Eligible Countries" in Part A of this Guide).

  • European and/or national social partners;
  • labour ministries or associated bodies (agencies or councils);
  • public or private employment services;
  • labour market research institutes, national statistics offices;
  • public or private, small, medium or large enterprises (including social enterprises);
  • economic development agencies;
  • chambers of commerce, of industry or of labour;
  • sectoral or professional associations of employers or employees; chambers of skilled crafts;
  • European or national sectoral umbrella organisations;
  • training or education providers at local, regional or national level;
  • sector-based research institutes;
  • bodies providing career guidance, professional counselling and information services;
  • public authorities responsible for education and training at regional or national level.

Who can apply?

Any participating organisation established in a Programme Country can be the applicant. This organisation applies on behalf of all participating organisations involved in the project.

Number and profile of participating organisations

The Sector Skills Alliance must cover at least 12 Programme Countries and include at least 2 full partners, out of which at least 1 represents the industry and at least 1 represents education and training providers.

The geographical coverage can be ensured by the participation of national organisations and/or by European-wide umbrella organisations10 or European social partners. The capacity of covering more than one country of the Alliance by European wide organisations or social partners must be proven at the moment of application.

Eligible sectors

All sectors11 except the six sectors that are eligible under Lot 3.

Duration of project

2 or 3 years. The duration has to be chosen at application stage, based on the objective of the project and on the type of activities planned over time.
In exceptional cases, the duration of a Sector Skills Alliance may be extended, upon request by the beneficiary and with the agreement of the Executive Agency, of up to 6 months. In such a case, the total grant will not change.

Where to apply? To the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, located in Brussels.

When to apply?

Applicants have to submit their grant application by 28 February at 12:00 (midday Brussels time) for projects starting on 1 November or 1 December of the same year, or 1 January of the following year.  

How to apply?

Please see Part C of this Guide for details on how to apply.

 

Applicant organisations will be assessed against the relevant exclusion and selection criteria. For more information please consult Part C of this Guide.

 

Award Criteria for Lot 1

The project will be assessed against the following criteria:

Relevance of the project
(maximum 25 points)

  • Link to policy: the proposal contributes to achieving the European objectives in the field of Skills identification and anticipation;
  • Digital skills: extent to which the proposal foresees investigation into the needs of digital skills. Proposals including this aspect will be considered highly relevant;
  • Green skills: extent to which the proposal foresees investigation into skills re-quirements linked to the transition to a circular and greener economy. Proposals including this aspect will be considered highly relevant;
  • Purpose: the proposal is relevant to the objectives of the Action (see section "What are the aims of a Sector Skills Alliance");
  • Consistency: the objectives are based on a sound needs analysis; they are clearly defined, realistic and address issues relevant to the participating organisations and to the Action;
  • Innovation: the proposal considers state-of-the-art methods and techniques, and leads to innovative results and solutions;
  • European added value: the proposal demonstrates clearly the added value generated through its transnationality.

Quality of the project design and implementation
(maximum 30 points)

 

  • Coherence: the overall project design ensures consistency between project objectives, methodology, activities and budget proposed. The proposal presents a coherent and comprehensive set of appropriate activities to meet the identified needs and lead to the expected results;
  • Structure: the work programme is clear and intelligible, and covers all phases (preparation, implementation, exploitation, monitoring, evaluation and dissemination);
  • Management: solid management arrangements are foreseen. Timelines, organisation, tasks and responsibilities are well defined and realistic. The proposal allocates appropriate resources to each activity;
  • Budget: the budget provides for appropriate resources necessary for success, it is neither overestimated nor underestimated;
  • Financial and quality control: control measures (continuous quality evaluation, peer reviews, benchmarking activities, etc.) and quality indicators ensure that the project implementation is of high quality and cost-efficient. Challenges/risks of the project are clearly identified and mitigating actions properly addressed. Expert review processes are planned as an integral part of the project. The Alliance work programme includes an independent external quality assessment at mid-term and at the end of the project.

Quality of the project team and the cooperation arrangements

(maximum 25 points)

  • Configuration: the composition of the partnership is in line with the project objectives, bringing together as relevant the expertise and competences required in skills identification and anticipation, skills supply, and skills policy issues more generally. The participation of European and/or national social partners with a clear attribution of  a role to identify and anticipate skills needs in the given sector is highly relevant. The representativeness and expertise of the partners in the sector concerned and at European level is convincingly demonstrated. The spread and representativeness of relevant partners over the Programme Countries involved in the Alliance should be such that the Alliance has high potential for impact in several of the countries covered by the Alliance (e.g. through the participation of a European sector organisation or European social partners);
  • Commitment: the distribution of responsibilities and tasks is clear, appropriate, and demonstrates the commitment and active contribution of all participating organisations in relation to their specific expertise and capacity;
  • Tasks: the coordinator shows high quality management and coordination of transnational networks and leadership in complex environment. Individual tasks are allocated on the basis of the specific know-how of each partner;
  • Collaboration/Team spirit: an effective mechanism is proposed to ensure a good coordination, decision-making and communication between the participating organisations, participants and any other relevant stakeholder.

Impact and dissemination

(maximum 20 points)

  • Exploitation: the proposal demonstrates how the outcomes of the Alliance will be used by the partners and other stakeholders. It provides means to measure exploitation within project lifetime and after;
  • Dissemination: the proposal provides a clear plan for the dissemination of results, and includes appropriate activities, tools and channels to ensure that the results and benefits will be spread effectively to the stakeholders: policy makers, guidance professionals, enterprises and young learners in compulsory education concerning occupations with high labour market demand or new business creation potential; within and after the project’s lifetime; the proposal indicates which partners will be responsible for dissemination and demonstrates the relevant experience that they have in dissemination activities;
  • Impact: the proposal shows societal and economic relevance and outreach. It is likely to significantly increase partners' capacity to implement relevant training in the European context. It also provides pertinent measures to monitor progress and assess the expected impact (short- and long-term);
  • Open access12 : If relevant, the proposal describes how the materials, documents and media produced will be made freely available and promoted through open licences  and does not contain disproportionate limitations; 
  • Sustainability: the proposal includes appropriate measures and resources to ensure that the results and benefits achieved by the Alliance will be sustained beyond the project lifetime (i.e. how the information on future skills needs can be addressed in the sector through training provision and curriculum design). This could be VET-based (Lot 2) or other training. The proposal explains how and with which resources (other than EU funds) this will be done.

 

To be considered for funding, proposals must score at least 70 points. Furthermore, they must score minimum 13 points for the categories "relevance of the project" and "quality of the project team and cooperation arrangements"; 16 points for the category "quality of the project design and implementation", and 11 points for the category "impact and dissemination".

 

Lot 2: Sector Skills Alliances for design and delivery of VET

Eligibility Criteria for Lot 2

ELIGIBLE PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS

The following organisations, with its affiliated entities (if any), are eligible to take part in a Lot 2 Alliance. They can be public or private organisations established in a Programme Coun-try (see section "Eligible Countries" in Part A of this Guide).

  • public or private VET providers, including social enterprises, in particular those with an own training department, those providing apprenticeships, and those providing shared training (collaborative training);
  • EU or national organisations representing industry, small and medium-sized enter-prises, relevant sectoral organisations;
  • networks of VET providers and European or national organisations representing them;
  • Education and training authorities at regional or national level, and Ministries;
  • organisations or networks – at EU or national level – representing social partners, industry, sectoral organisations, professions and education and training stakehold-ers, including youth organisations; 
  • chambers of commerce, of industry, of skilled crafts or of labour, and other inter-mediary bodies;
  • sector skills councils; 
  • economic development agencies, statistical bodies and research institutes;
  • cultural and/or creative bodies;
  • bodies providing career guidance, professional counselling, information services and employment services;
  • accreditation, certification, recognition or qualification bodies (bodies with “regulatory function”).

WHO CAN APPLY?

Any participating organisation established in a Programme Country can be the applicant. This organisation applies on behalf of all participating organisations involved in the project.

NUMBER AND PROFILE OF PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS

The Sector Skills Alliance must cover at least 4 Programme Countries and include at least 8 full partners, out of which at least 3 are companies, industry or sector representatives (e.g. chambers or trade associations), and at least 3 are education and training providers.

ELIGIBLE SECTORS

All sectors13 except the six sectors that are eligible under Lot 3.

DURATION OF PROJECT

2 or 3 years. The duration has to be chosen at application stage, based on the objective of the project and on the type of activities planned over time.
In exceptional cases, the duration of a Sector Skills Alliance may be extended, upon request by the beneficiary and with the agreement of the Executive Agency, of up to 6 months. In such a case, the total grant will not change.

WHERE TO APPLY? To the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, located in Brussels.

WHEN TO APPLY?

Applicants have to submit their grant application by 28 February at 12:00 (midday Brussels time) for projects starting on 1 November or 1 December of the same year, or 1 January of the following year.  

HOW TO APPLY?

Please see Part C of this Guide for details on how to apply.

 

Applicant organisations will be assessed against the relevant exclusion and selection criteria. For more information please consult Part C of this Guide.

 

Award Criteria for Lot 2

Proposals will be assessed against the following criteria:

RELEVANCE OF THE PROJECT
(MAXIMUM 25 POINTS)

  • Link to EU policy and initiatives: the proposal takes into account and contributes to achieving the European objectives in the field of VET; the proposal takes into account and contributes to giving visibility to existing EU tools and initiatives for skills development; draws on the work of a European Sector Skills Council where relevant;
  • VET representation: the Sector Skills Alliance includes partners that adequately represent VET design and delivery;
  • Sector representation: the Sector Skills Alliance includes partners that adequately represent the sector concerned; 
  • Digital skills: extent to which the proposal integrates digital skills in the training content for one, or several related, professional profiles. Proposals including this aspect will be consid-ered highly relevant;
  • Green skills: extent to which the proposal integrates skills linked to the transition to a circular and greener economy in the training content for one, or several related, professional profiles. Proposals including this aspect will be considered highly relevant;
  • Purpose: the proposal is relevant to the objectives of the Action (see section "What are the aims of a Sector Skills Alliance");
  • Consistency: the objectives are based on a sound needs analysis; they are clearly defined, realistic and address issues relevant to the participating organisations and to the Action;
  • Innovation: the proposal considers state-of-the-art methods and techniques, and leads to innovative results and solutions;
  • European added value: the proposal demonstrates clearly the added value generated through its trans-nationality.

QUALITY OF THE PROJECT DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
(MAXIMUM 30 POINTS)

 

  • Coherence: the overall project design ensures consistency between project objectives, meth-odology, activities and budget proposed. The proposal presents a coherent and comprehensive set of appropriate activities to meet the identified needs and lead to the expected results;
  • Structure: the work programme is clear and intelligible, and covers all phases (preparation, implementation, exploitation, monitoring, evaluation and dissemination);
  • Methodology: the proposal is compliant and makes use of EU instruments and tools related to skills and occupations such as the EQF14, ECVET15, EQAVET16, Europass17, EURES18, Drop 'Pin19, ESCO20, etc.. Whenever possible, the proposal takes into consideration and capitaliz-es on previous relevant activities (e.g. Programme Countries initiatives, Knowledge Innovation Communities-KIC of the EIT21, previous and on-going Sector Skills Alliances22. It uses the learning outcomes approach, ECVET (units of learning outcomes) and quality assurance princi-ples in line with EQAVET;
  • Management: solid management arrangements are foreseen. Timelines, organisation, tasks and responsibilities are well defined and realistic. The proposal allocates appropriate re-sources to each activity;
  • Budget: the budget provides for appropriate resources necessary for success, it is neither overestimated nor underestimated;
  • The quality of arrangements for the recognition and validation of participants' learning out-comes, in line with European transparency and recognition tools and principles;
  • Financial and quality control: control measures (continuous quality evaluation, peer reviews, benchmarking activities, etc.) and quality indicators ensure that the project implementation is of high quality and cost-efficient. Challenges/risks of the project are clearly identified and mit-igating actions properly addressed. Expert review processes are planned as an integral part of the project. The Alliance work programme includes an independent external quality assess-ment at mid-term and at the end of the project.

QUALITY OF THE PROJECT TEAM AND THE COOPERATION ARRANGEMENTS

(MAXIMUM 25 POINTS)

  • Configuration: the composition of the partnership is in line with the project objectives, bring-ing together as relevant the expertise and competences required in curriculum design, qualifi-cation standards design, training delivery methodology and training policy. The representa-tiveness and expertise of the partners in the sector concerned and at European level is con-vincingly demonstrated. The partners combine systemic and sector-related information with a solid knowledge of skills needs and training practices in their economic sector. The participa-tion of European social partners and/or national social partners in the countries covered by the Alliance with a clear attribution of a role to develop the curriculum/a and ensure work-based learning is highly relevant. The spread and representativeness of relevant partners over the Programme Countries involved in the Alliance should be such that the Alliance has high im-plementation capacity in the countries covered by the Alliance (e.g. through the participation of a European sector organisation or European social partners) If the proposal also involves bodies with regulatory function in VET it will be considered highly relevant;
  • Commitment: the distribution of responsibilities and tasks is clear, appropriate, and demon-strates the commitment and active contribution of all participating organisations in relation to their specific expertise and capacity;
  • Tasks: the coordinator shows high quality management and coordination of transnational networks and leadership in complex environment. Individual tasks are allocated on the basis of the specific know-how of each partner;
  • Collaboration/Team spirit: an effective mechanism is proposed to ensure a good coordination, decision-making and communication between the participating organisations, participants and any other relevant stakeholder.

IMPACT AND DISSEMINATION

(MAXIMUM 20 POINTS)

  • Exploitation: the proposal demonstrates how the outcomes of the Alliance will be used by the partners and other stakeholders. It provides means to measure exploitation within the project lifetime and after;
  • Dissemination: the proposal provides a clear plan for the dissemination of results, and in-cludes appropriate activities and their timing, tools and channels to ensure that the results and benefits will be spread effectively to the stakeholders, policy makers, guidance profes-sionals, enterprises and young learners in compulsory education concerning occupations with high labour market demand or new business creation potential; within and after the project’s lifetime; the proposal indicates which partners will be responsible for dissemination and demonstrates the relevant experience that they have in dissemination activities;
  • Impact: the proposal shows societal and economic relevance and outreach. It includes partners with a significant role in the sector concerned including in education and training. It includes measures as well as targets and indicators to monitor progress and assess the expected im-pact (short- and long-term); if bodies with regulatory function (in particular on qualifications) are convincingly involved to ensure recognition or certification of the training content the pro-posal is highly relevant. If a European sectoral umbrella organisation representing either social partners or the sector concerned is a full partner, the proposal is highly relevant;
  • Open access23: If relevant, the proposal describes how the materials, documents and media produced will be made freely available and promoted through open licences24 and does not contain disproportionate limitations; 
  • Sustainability: the proposal explains how the action plan for the roll-out at national and re-gional levels will be developed. The proposal includes appropriate measures and the identifi-cation of financial resources (European, national and private) to ensure that the results and benefits achieved by the Alliance will have a long-term sustainability.

 

To be considered for funding, proposals must score at least 70 points. Furthermore, they must score minimum 13 points for the categories "relevance of the project" and "quality of the project team and cooperation arrangements"; 16 points for the category "quality of the project design and implementation", and 11 points for the category "impact and dissemination".

 

Lot 3: Sector Skills Alliances for implementing a new strategic approach (Blueprint) to sectoral cooperation on skills

Eligibility Criteria for Lot 3

ELIGIBLE PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS

The following organisations, with its affiliated entities (if any), are eligible to take part in a Lot 3- Alliance. They can be public or private organisations established in a Programme Coun-try (see section "Eligible Countries" in Part A of this Guide).

  • public or private enterprises active in the selected sectors especially those with an own training department, those providing apprenticeships, and those providing shared train-ing (collaborative training);
  • EU or national organisations representing industry, small and medium-sized enterprises, relevant sectoral organisations;
  • public or private education or training providers, including training centres and higher education institutions;
  • networks of education or training providers and European or national organisations rep-resenting them;
  • authorities responsible for education and training or employment, at regional or national level, and related Ministries;
  • organisations or networks – at EU or national level – representing social partners, indus-try, sectoral organisations, professions and education and training stakeholders, including youth organisations; 
  • chambers of commerce, of industry, of labour and other relevant sectoral intermediary bodies;
  • sector skills councils; 
  • economic development agencies, statistical bodies and research institutes;
  • bodies providing career guidance, professional counselling, information services and employment services;
  • accreditation, certification, recognition or qualification bodies (bodies with “regulatory function”);
  • bodies representing relevant authorities at regional and national level.

WHO CAN APPLY?

Any participating organisation established in a Programme Country can be the applicant. This organisation applies on behalf of all participating organisations involved in the project.

NUMBER AND PROFILE OF PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS

The Sector Skills Alliance must cover at least 8 Programme Countries and include at least 12 full partners, out of which at least 5 are companies, industry or sector representatives (e.g. chambers, trade unions or trade associations), and at least 5 are education and training providers.

ELIGIBLE SECTORS

  1. Additive manufacturing
  2. Construction
  3. Maritime shipping
  4. Paper-based value chain 
  5. Renewable energy & green technologies
  6. Steel industry

DURATION OF PROJECT

4 years.
In exceptional cases, the duration of a Sector Skills Alliance may be extended, upon request by the beneficiary and with the agreement of the Executive Agency, of up to 6 months. In such a case, the total grant will not change.

WHERE TO APPLY? To the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, located in Brussels.

WHEN TO APPLY?

Applicants have to submit their grant application by 28 February at 12:00 (midday Brussels time) for projects starting on 1 November or 1 December of the same year, or 1 January of the following year.  

HOW TO APPLY?

Please see Part C of this Guide for details on how to apply.

 

Additional information that must be taken into account per sector in lot 3 projects

Regarding LOT 3 - Sector Skills Alliances for implementing a new strategic approach (Blueprint) to sectoral cooperation on skills, the following information must be taken into account for each of the sectors:

Additive manufacturing25

The Alliance must include at least the following areas:

  1. 3D Printing, jetting technologies, photopolymerisation, powder bed fusion, material extru-sion, directed energy deposition.
  2. Established Manufacturing industries in transition towards industrial modernisation, e.g. injection moulding, machining, forming and joining.
  3. Creative industries, e.g. industrial and graphic design, software development, 3D publish-ing.

To ensure complementarity and synergies, activities must be compatible with existing evidence for the sector, including the actions and orientations provided by:

  • The 2012 Communication on Industrial Policy "A Stronger European Industry for Growth and Economic Recovery"26
  • The 2014 report on AM from Directorate-General for Research and Innovation on Additive Manufacturing27
  • The 2014 Communication, "For a European Industrial Renaissance"28
  • The 2015 EESC own-initiative opinion on 3D-Printing29
  • The 2015 ITRE study about 3D-Printing from the European Parliament30
  • The 2016 Call for Proposals H2020 FoF-05-201631
  • Sector Skills Alliances projects, financed by ERASMUS+: 3DPrism32 and Metals33 as well as other Erasmus+ cooperation projects34.
  • The 2016 Communication "Digitising European Industry"35
  • The 2017 Mid-Term Review on implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy36

CONSTRUCTION37

The Alliance must include at least the following areas: 

  1. energy efficiency; 
  2. digitalisation; 
  3. circular economy including bio-based and secondary recycled products.

To ensure complementarity and synergies, activities must be compatible with existing initiatives and evidence for the sector, including the actions and orientations provided by:

  • The sectoral competitiveness strategy38  - the Communication "Strategy for the sustainable competitiveness of the construction sector and its enterprises"39
  • Market and policy developments as described by the European Construction Sector Observatory40 
  • The Communication "Clean Energy For All Europeans"41 and its Annex 1 "Accelerating clean energy in buildings"42
  • Outputs from the BUILD UP Skills initiative43
Maritime shipping

The Alliance must include at least the following areas: 

  1. Seafarers;
  2. On-shore workers (e.g. staff of shipping companies).

Port, fishing and inland waterway sectors are excluded.

To ensure complementarity and synergies, activities must be compatible with existing initiatives and evidence for the sector, including the actions and orientations provided by: 

  • The ongoing SKILLFUL research project44
  • The Vasco da Gama project45
  • The KNOW-ME project 46
  • The HORIZON project47
Paper-based value chain

The Alliance must include at least the following areas: 

  1. Traditional sectors, including: pulp & paper manufacturing & related operations;
  2. Emerging sectors, such as: innovative processes, bio-refineries, bio-based products.

 

To ensure complementarity and synergies, activities must be compatible with existing initiatives and evidence for the sector, including the actions and orientations provided by:

  • Road Map for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050, COM 2011/11248;
  • Unfold the future, CEPI, 2011, 201649;
  • A Blueprint for the EU Forest-based Industries, SWD (2013) 34350;
  • Future Skills for the Paper Industry, a joint study by CEPI and IndustriAll51
Renewable energy & green technologies

The Alliance must include at least the following renewable electricity, heating & cooling, transport and energy infrastructure areas: 

  1. Residential heating & cooling and electricity (small scale wind, rooftop and building inte-grated PV, biomass boilers and bio- and renewable based CHP, solar thermal, heat pumps and residential cooling, demand response, storage and micro-grid);
  2. Industrial and commercial scale heating & cooling and electricity (wind farms, PV farms, CSP, large and small scale hydropower, Geothermal, Solar Thermal for heating and cool-ing, Heat pumps, thermal networks);
  3. Waste, biofuels and biomass (biogas, advanced biofuels, solid biomass and biomass fuels (liquid, gaseous) and other renewable low-carbon fuels, renewable urban waste);
  4. Ocean and offshore renewable energy;
  5. Energy system integration and development (electricity grid, flexibility & storage; integra-tion, electro-mobility and low-carbon transport system).

To ensure complementarity and synergies, activities must be compatible with existing initiatives and evidence for the sector, including the actions and orientations provided by:

  • The Clean Energy for all Europeans Package52
  • The Energy Union Framework Strategy53
  • The EU Heating and Cooling Strategy54
  • Secure Clean and Competitive Energy area of the EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Work Programmes 2014-2015 and 2016-201755
  • The EU Renewable Energy Directive56 and its recast57
  • The Energy Efficiency Directive58 and its amendment59
  • The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive60 and its amendment61
  • Commission Communication on Accelerating Clean Energy Innovation62
  • Commission Communication on a European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility63
  • Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking64
  • BUILD UP Skills Initiative65
STEEL INDUSTRY66

The Alliance must include at least the following areas: 

  1. Technologies for steelmaking (Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) and Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) routes)
  2. Innovative technologies for low carbon steelmaking (i.e. Carbon Direct Avoidance by using hydrogen, electricity (CDA), process integration with or without Carbon Capture and Stor-age (CCS), and Carbon Capture Utilisation (CCU))
  3. Innovative technologies related to IT literacy and industry 4.0 (e.g. digitisation and data management, just-in-time production, 3-Ds applications).

To ensure complementarity and synergies, activities must be compatible with existing initiatives and evidence for the sector, as well as orientations included in the following documents:

  • COM(2013) 407 ("Action Plan for a competitive and sustainable steel industry in Eu-rope")67
  • COM(2016) 155 ("Steel: Preserving sustainable jobs and growth in Europe")68
  • COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 651/2014: definition of steel69
  • EC report - The future of European Steel – Innovation and sustainability in a competitive world and EU circular economy70
  • 2015 and 2016 Synopsis of projects funded under the Research Fund for Coal and Steel (RFCS)71
  • The Call for proposals 'Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel'72
  • The Call for proposals 'H2020 LEIT-NMBP-Sustainable Process Industry (SPIRE)'73

Applicant organisations will be assessed against the relevant exclusion and selection criteria. For more information please consult Part C of this Guide.

 

Award Criteria for Lot 3

Proposals will be assessed against the following criteria:

RELEVANCE OF THE PROJECT
(MAXIMUM 25 POINTS)

  • Link to EU policy and initiatives: the proposal takes into account and contributes to achieving the European objectives in the field of VET; takes into account and contributes to give visibility to existing EU tools and initiatives for skills development; draws on the work of a European Sector Skills Council where relevant;
  • Education representation: the Alliance includes partners that adequately represent education providers;
  • Sector representation: the Alliance includes partners that adequately represent the sector concerned;
  • Digital and key-enabling technologies (KETs) skills: extent to which the proposal integrates these skills in the training content for one, or several related, professional profiles. Proposals including this aspect will be considered highly relevant;
  • Green and Blue skills: extent to which the proposal integrates skills linked to the transition to a circular and greener economy, both in terms of skills needs and in terms of training content for one, or several related, professional profiles. Proposals including this aspect will be considered highly relevant;
  • Purpose: the proposal is relevant to the objectives of the action, themes and activities described in section 2. The proposal contributes to building transnational networks and cooperation tools between relevant stakeholders to adapt education to emerging needs of the sector's industry;
  • Consistency: the objectives are based on a sound needs analysis; they are clearly defined, realistic and address issues relevant to the participating organisations and to the action;
  • Innovation: the proposal considers state-of-the-art methods and techniques, and leads to innovative results and solutions;
  • European added value: the proposal demonstrates clearly the added value generated through its trans-nationality.

QUALITY OF THE PROJECT DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
(MAXIMUM 30 POINTS)

 

  • Coherence: the overall project design ensures consistency between project objectives, meth-odology, activities and budget proposed. The proposal presents a coherent and comprehensive set of appropriate activities to meet the identified needs and lead to the expected results;
  • Structure: the work programme is clear and intelligible, and covers all phases (preparation, implementation, exploitation, monitoring, evaluation and dissemination);
  • Methodology: the proposal is compliant and makes use of EU instruments and tools related to skills and occupations such as the EQF74, ECVET75, EQAVET76, Europass77, EURES78, Drop 'Pin79, ESCO80, etc.. Whenever possible, the proposal takes into consideration and capitaliz-es on previous relevant activities (e.g. Programme Countries initiatives, Knowledge Innovation Communities-KIC of the EIT81, previous and on-going Sector Skills Alliances82. It uses the learning outcomes approach, ECVET (units of learning outcomes) and quality assurance princi-ples in line with EQAVET;
  • Management: solid management arrangements are foreseen. Timelines, organisation, tasks and responsibilities are well defined and realistic. The proposal allocates appropriate re-sources to each activity;
  • Budget: the budget provides for appropriate resources necessary for success, it is neither overestimated nor underestimated;
  • The quality of arrangements for the recognition and validation of participants' learning out-comes, in line with European transparency and recognition tools and principles;
  • Financial and quality control: control measures (continuous quality evaluation, peer reviews, benchmarking activities, etc.) and quality indicators ensure that the project implementation is of high quality and cost-efficient. Challenges/risks of the project are clearly identified and mit-igating actions properly addressed. Expert review processes are planned as an integral part of the project. The Alliance work programme includes an independent external quality assess-ment at mid-term and at the end of the project.

QUALITY OF THE PROJECT TEAM AND THE COOPERATION ARRANGEMENTS

(MAXIMUM 25 POINTS)

  • Configuration: the composition of the Alliance is in line with the project objectives, bringing together as relevant the expertise and competences required in skills identification and anticipation, skills supply, curriculum design, qualification standards design, training delivery methodology  and training policy. The partners combine systemic and sector-related information with a solid knowledge of skills needs and training practices in their economic sector. The Alliance ensures adequate representativeness of the whole sector: the representativeness and expertise of the partners in the sector concerned and at European level is convincingly demonstrated. The participation of European social partners and/or national social partners in the countries covered by the Alliance is highly relevant. The geographical spread and representativeness of relevant partners over the Programme Countries involved in the Alliance should be such that the Alliance has high implementation capacity in the countries covered (e.g. through the participation of a European sector organisation and/or European social partners). If the proposal also involves bodies with regulatory function in Education and training it will be considered highly relevant;
  • Commitment: the distribution of responsibilities and tasks is clear, appropriate, and demonstrates the commitment and active contribution of all participating organisations in relation to their specific expertise and capacity;
  • Tasks: the coordinator shows high quality management and coordination of transnational networks and leadership in complex environment. Individual tasks are allocated on the basis of the specific know-how of each partner;
  • Collaboration/Team spirit: an effective mechanism is proposed to ensure a good coordination, decision-making and communication between the participating organisations, participants and any other relevant stakeholder.

IMPACT AND DISSEMINATION

(MAXIMUM 20 POINTS)

  • Exploitation: the proposal demonstrates how the outcomes of the Alliance will be rolled out in the partner countries;
  • Dissemination: the proposal provides a clear plan for the dissemination of results, and includes appropriate activities and their timing, tools and channels to ensure that the results and benefits will be spread effectively to the stakeholders, policy makers, guidance professionals, enterprises and young learners in compulsory education concerning occupations with high labour market demand or new business creation potential within and after the project’s lifetime; the proposal details how concrete examples of best practice will be identified, documented and disseminated;  the proposal indicates which partners will be responsible for dissemination and demonstrates the relevant experience that they have in dissemination activities;
  • Impact: the proposal shows societal and economic relevance and outreach. It includes partners with a significant role in the sector concerned including in education and training. It includes measures as well as targets and indicators to monitor progress and assess the expected impact (short- and long-term). It includes bodies with regulatory functions (in particular on Qualifications) that are actively involved to ensure the recognition or certification of the training content of the proposal. If a European sectoral umbrella organisation representing either social partners or the sector concerned is a full partner, the proposal is considered highly relevant; 
  • Open access: if relevant, the proposal describes how the materials, documents and media produced will be made freely available and promoted through open licences and in linked open data format, and does not contain disproportionate limitations;
  • Sustainability: the proposal explains how the action plan for the roll-out at national and regional levels will be developed.  The proposal includes appropriate measures and the identification of financial resources (European, national and private) to ensure that the results and benefits achieved by the Alliance will have a long-term sustainability beyond the project lifetime.

 

To be considered for funding, proposals must score at least 70 points. Furthermore, they must score minimum 13 points for the categories "relevance of the project" and "quality of the project team and cooperation arrangements"; 16 points for the category "quality of the project design and implementation", and 11 points for the category "impact and dissemination".

 

What else should you know about this action?

Quality assurance is vital in order to ensure that Alliances successfully deliver their results and achieve an impact going far beyond the partner organisations themselves. Alliances are expected to achieve results which are widely transferable within the economic sector concerned. Therefore, Alliances need to provide a sound quality management plan. 

Alliances should also implement expert review processes as an integral part of the project. The Alliance work programme should therefore include an independent external quality assessment at mid-term and at the end of the project, to be submitted together with the project progress and final report respectively. In its progress report, the participating organisations will have to demonstrate the follow-up actions resulting from the recommendation of the mid-term quality assessment.

All Alliances are required to undertake targeted dissemination activities, notably through organisations/bodies providing professional guidance/orientation. They will have to provide a comprehensive dissemination plan including:

  • an active dissemination strategy to reach out to stakeholders, policy makers, guidance professionals, enterprises and young learners in compulsory education concerning occupations with high labour market demand or new business creation potential;
  • mainstreaming the results throughout the sector;
  • making the results of the Alliance available through open licences.

The dissemination plan should clearly explain how the planned project results will be disseminated, including definition of the targets, the objectives, the means to be used and the relevant timing. Applications should also indicate which partner will be responsible for dissemination and demonstrate the relevant experience that they have in dissemination activities. Selected projects will have to produce a short publishable summary of the project activities at the end of the project to be published in the Programme dissemination tool. 

Sector Skills Alliances are a recent and ambitious action; they are subject to a particular monitoring which requires active participation from all participants and stakeholders. Sector Skills Alliances have to foresee their participation in meetings and events organised by the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency and the European Commission. A budget for up to 3 meetings per year has to be planned.

 

What are the funding rules?

The budget of the project must be drafted according to the following funding rules (in euro):

Maximum EU contribution awarded for a Lot 1 - Sector Skills Alliance for skills needs identification (2 years): 330 000 EUR

Maximum EU contribution awarded for a Lot 1 - Sector Skills Alliance for skills needs identification (3 years): 500 000 EUR 

Maximum EU contribution awarded for a Lot 2 – Sector Skills Alliance for design and delivery of VET (2 years): 700 000 EUR 

Maximum EU contribution awarded for a Lot 2 – Sector Skills Alliance for design and delivery of VET (3 years): 1 000 000 EUR 

Maximum EU contribution awarded for a Lot 3 – Sector Skills Alliance for implementing a new strategic approach (Blueprint) to sectoral cooperation on skills (4 years): 4 000 000 EUR

Eligible costs

Financing mechanism

Amount

Rule of allocation

Implementation support

Contribution to any activity directly linked to the implementation of the project including: project management, project meetings, intellectual outputs (such as curricula, pedagogical materials, open educational resources (OER), IT tools, analyses, studies, etc.), dissemination, participation in events, conferences, travel, etc.


The number of days and the profile of staff involved by country is the basis for the calculation of the EU contribution.

Contribution to unit costs

B3.1 per manager involved per day of work on the project

Conditional: applicants will have to justify the type and volume of resources needed in relation to the implementation of the proposed activities and outputs.

The outputs should be substantial in quality and quantity to qualify for this type of grant support.

B3.2 per researcher/ teacher/trainer involved per day of work on the project

B3.3 per technician involved per day of work on the project

B3.4 per administrative staff involved per day of work on the project

 

Table A - Project implementation (amounts in euro per day) Programme Countries

The amounts depend on: a) profile of staff engaged in the project and b) the country of the participating organisation whose staff is engaged.

 

Manager

Teacher/Trainer/Researcher/

Youth worker

Technician

Administrative staff

 

B3.1

B3.2

B3.3

B3.4

Denmark, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Liechtenstein, Norway

353

289

228

189

 

Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Finland, United Kingdom, Iceland

 

336

257

194

157

 

Czech Republic, Greece, Spain, Cyprus, Malta, Portugal, Slovenia

 

197

164

122

93

 

Bulgaria, Estonia, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey

 

106

88

66

47

 

Share this page