Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
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Final report: GEAR 2030 strategy 2015-2017

This study provides a comparative analysis of the EU automotive industry's competitive position and the impact of introducing autonomous vehicles.
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The final report on the GEAR 2030 strategy 2015-2017 assesses the external competitiveness of the EU automotive industry to 2030 and beyond in the face of shifting market and regulatory drivers. It considers 6 key competitive markets:

  • the EU
  • China
  • India
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • the United States

The study covers 7 vehicle segments:

  • passenger cars (M1 category split into entry-level, mid-range and luxury segments)
  • light commercial vehicles (N1 category)
  • L-category vehicles (split into light two-wheelers, two-wheeled motorcycles and light/heavy quadricycles)

The analysis reveals important findings on the opportunities and costs that the automotive industry will likely face in the context of:

  • rapid technological changes - the advent of e-mobility and connected and autonomous vehicles
  • an uncertain global regulatory environment

Based on these findings and associated conclusions, the study makes recommendations on how the Commission can support the EU automotive industry in this period of change. The advice focuses on M1/N1-category vehicles, L-category vehicles and the automotive supply chain.