Package of recommendations for 23 EU countries, as well as the eurozone, which offers guidance on budgetary and economic policies for 2013-14
The Commission’s country-specific recommendations are derived from rigorous economic analysis of each EU member country, based on budgetary and economic reform plans submitted by each government in April.
The recommendations – which do not apply to countries currently under a macroeconomic adjustment programme, i.e. Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Cyprus – take account of each country’s economic situation and provide specific advice for boosting competitiveness, economic growth and job creation.
The recommendations are part of the Commission’s strategy to help Europe overcome the crisis, reduce unemployment and achieve sustainable growth.
An overall assessment [351 KB] of progress so far finds most countries making progress in reducing budget deficits and implementing measures to increase competitiveness. However, some need to act faster.
EU countries should also step up measures to tackle rising unemployment, with a focus on getting young people into jobs. At the same time, governments should reform education and training programmes to ensure jobseekers have the right skills for today’s job market.
More can be done to encourage businesses to invest and create jobs. Additional investment in research, innovation and resource efficiency should also be promoted.
As part of the process, the Commission also issued general recommendations for the eurozone [61 KB] and took a number of decisions under the .
The recommendations form part of the ‘European semester’, the EU's yearly cycle of economic policy coordination, during which EU governments consult each other on their budgets and economic policies, based on overall priorities proposed by the Commission.
EU leaders will discuss the recommendations at their meeting on 27-28 June. Once they are approved in July, each country will work to incorporate them into national budgets and economic reform plans for 2013-14.
The Commission and EU governments will then monitor how each country implements these measures.
2013 growth survey [109 KB]