President Juncker launches the EU Emergency Trust Fund (€1.8 billion) to tackle the root causes of irregular migration in Africa. Yesterday, a Common Agenda for Mobility and Migration (CAMM) with Ethiopia was signed.
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, together with a number of European Heads of State or Government, launched today in Valletta (Malta) the EU's Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa.
The Emergency Trust Fund is made up of €1.8 billion from the European Union financing instruments as well as contributions from EU Member States and other donors. So far, 25 EU Member States and 2 non-EU donors (Norway and Switzerland) have announced a total contribution of around €78.2 million.
The Emergency Trust Fund is an innovative way how the EU is stepping up its collective response to current challenges on the ground and is a complementary tool to the EU's already existing development cooperation in the region to assist the most fragile and vulnerable countries across Africa. It will benefit the Sahel region and Lake Chad area; the Horn of Africa and the North of Africa. Together, these encompass the major African migration routes to Europe. Neighbouring countries in these regions may also benefit from the Trust Fund's projects to address regional migration flows and related cross-border challenges.
The first meeting of the Strategic Board of the EU's Emergency Trust Fund will take place already today in Valletta to ensure the swift launch of activities.
Yesterday, in the margins of the Valletta Summit, President Juncker and High Representative / Vice-President Mogherini also signed the Common Agenda for Mobility and Migration (CAMM) with Ethiopia.
The Agenda reflects the importance of Ethiopia as a key country of origin, transit and destination of irregular migrants and refugees from the Horn of Africa on the route to Europe.
The two parties will cooperate on issues of international protection and refugees' needs, legal migration and mobility, irregular migration, smuggling and trafficking in human beings and development policy. Funding will be made available for implementation of concrete activities, notably through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa.
The Valletta Summit also adopts a political declaration and a joint action plan. The aim of the Action Plan is to step up cooperation on migration, including concrete actions in order to:
-maximise the development benefits of migration and address root causes;
-better organise legal channels for migration and mobility;
-ensure international protection for migrants and asylum seekers;
-intensify the fight against criminal networks engaged in migrant smuggling and human trafficking,
-step up the cooperation on return and readmission.
- Press release - President Juncker launches the EU Emergency Trust Fund to tackle root causes of irregular migration in Africa
- List of donors and contributions to the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa as of 11 November