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Mediterranean Sea basin

Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean region is bordered by over twenty countries and a large part of the Mediterranean Sea remains outside national jurisdiction. As a result, cooperation is needed to manage maritime activities, protect the marine environment and maritime heritage, prevent and fight pollution in the Mediterranean Sea region, or ensure a safer and more secure maritime space.

The Mediterranean dimension of the integrated maritime policy focuses on improved cooperation and governance whilst fostering sustainable growth in the region. It is currently facilitated by the following actions:

Regional cooperation with Mediterranean partners

EU relations with the countries of the Southern Mediterranean and the Middle East have been developing through the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, which was established by the Barcelona Declaration in 1995. More recently, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has begun to map out relations between the EU and these regions.

The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership – also known as the Barcelona Process – is a regional forum for political, economic and social co-operation, which sits alongside bilateral Association Agreements and ENP Action Plans. The creation of the Union for the Mediterranean, in 2008, marked the re-launch of the process.

Marine and maritime-related EU-funded projects can be found across various policy areas and are financed by various EU funds. Examples are:

Key documents

More info

Maritime Forum

European Atlas of the Seas


Maritime affairs


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